# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 5 Understanding Elementary Shapes Ex 5.5

These NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 5 Understanding Elementary Shapes Ex 5.5 Questions and Answers are prepared by our highly skilled subject experts.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 5 Understanding Elementary Shapes Exercise 5.5

Question 1.
Which of the following are models for perpendicular lines:
(a) The adjacent edges of a table top.
(b) The lines of a railway track.
(c) The line segments forming the letter ‘L’.
(d) The letter V.
(a) The adjacent edges of a table top. .’. They form perpendicular lines, (b) The lines of a railway track Here, the two adjacent sides don’t meet.
χ They do not form perpendicular lines

(c) The line segments forming the letter ‘L’. Here, the line segments form a right angle
∴ They form perpendicular lines.

(d) Here, the angle between the lines is not a right angle. ∴ They do not form perpendicular lines.

Question 2.
Let $$\overline{\mathrm{PQ}}$$ be the perpendicular to the line segment $$\overline{\mathrm{XY}}$$. Let $$\overline{\mathrm{PQ}}$$ and $$\overline{\mathrm{XY}}$$ intersect in the point A. What is the measure of ∠PAY? Since, $$\overline{\mathrm{XY}}$$ ⊥ PQ
Angle between them is a right angle.
.’. ∠PAY = 90°

Question 3.
There are two set-squares in your box. What are the measures of the angles that are formed at their corners? Do they have any angle measure that is common? The angle are 90°, 45°, 45°
The angles are 90°, 60°, 30°
So, Angle 90° is common between them Question 4.
Study the diagram. The line l is perpendicular to line m. (a) Is CE = EG?
(b) Does PE bisect CG?
(c) Identify any two line segments for which PE is the perpendicular bisector.
(d) Are these true?
(i) AC > FG (ii) CD = GH (iii) BC < EH
(a) CE = CD + DE = 1 + 1=2 EG = EF + FG = 1 + 1 = 2

(b) PE & CG Intersect at point E & CE = EG
.’. PE is the bisector of CG

(c) PE is perpendicular bisector for
$$\overline{\mathrm{CG}}$$
As CE = EG = 2
& $$\overline{\mathrm{CE}}$$ = EG = 2
$$\overline{\mathrm{XY}}$$ ⊥ $$\overline{\mathrm{CG}}$$
$$\overline{\mathrm{BH}}$$
As $$\overline{\mathrm{BE}}=\overlline{\mathrm{BE}}$$ = 3
$$\overline{\mathrm{PE}}=\overlline{\mathrm{BH}}$$

(d) (i) True
AC = AB + BC = 1 + 1 = 2
FG = 1
∴ AC > FG

(ii) True
CD = 1
GH = 1
CD > GH (iii) True
BC = 1
EH = EF + FG + GH = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3
∴ CD > GH

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