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Colonialism and the Countryside Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers
Which revenue system was introduced in Bombay Deccan?
(a) Permanent Settlement
Answer: (d) Ryotwari
By which name were the jotedars called?
Answer: (c) Haoldars
Who introduced the Permanent Settlement in Bengal?
(a) Lord Charles Cornwallis
(b) Francis Buchanan
(c) David Ricardo
(d) Thomas Munro
Answer: (a) Lord Charles Cornwallis
Which of the following statements related to Santhals is incorrect?
(a) They lived on the peripheries of Rajmahal hills.
(b) They cleared forests and ploughed the land.
(c) They borrowed money from dikus.
(d) They practiced shifting cultivation.
Answer: (d) They practiced shifting cultivation.
Which of the following were the features of the Permanent Settlement introduced in Bengal?
(i) Land revenue was fixed.
(ii) Ownership of lands was non-transferable.
(iii) Ryots were reduced to the status of tenants.
Select the correct answer.
(a) i and ii only
(b) i and iii only
(c) ii and iii only
(d) i, ii, and iii
Answer: (b) i and iii only
Which of the following is not a feature of shifting cultivation?
(a) Patches of forest are cut and burnt in rotation.
(b) Seeds are sown in the ashes.
(c) Plots cleared are cultivated for a few years and then left fallow.
(d) These patches were enriched by nitrogen from the ash.
Answer: (d) These patches were enriched by nitrogen from the ash.
Which of the following was true under colonial rule?
(a) Forest people retained the customary right to hunt.
(b) Forest people were considered savage, primitive, and difficult.
(c) British officials encouraged shifting cultivation.
(d) All of these
Answer: (b) Forest people were considered savage, primitive, and difficult.
Who among the following was the leader of the Santhal rebellion?
(a) Siddhu Manjhi
(b) Birsa Munda
Answer: (a) Siddhu Manjhi
In which year did the American Civil War break out?
Answer: (c) 1861
What were the hill folks known as?
Answer: (d) Paharias
When and who introduced the Permanent Settlement in India?
Answer: Permanent Settlement was introduced in India by Lord Cornwallis in 1793.
What was the Sunset Law?
Answer: According to the Sunset Law, if the payment did not come in by sunset of the specified date the zamindari was liable to be auctioned.
Which of the following statement is not appropriate about Ryotwari Settlement?
(a) The revenue was directly settled with the ryot.
(b) The lands were resurveyed every 30 years and the revenue rates increased.
(c) The revenue demand was not permanent.
(d) It was imposed in the 1790s when the prices of agricultural produce were depressed.
Answer: (d) It was imposed in the 1790s when the prices of agricultural produce were depressed.
Read the information given below:
Identify and name the commission of enquiry to investigate into causes of the riots.
|The commission produced a report that was presented to the British Parliament in 1878. The commission held enquiries in the districts where the riots spread, recorded statements of ryots, sahukars and eyewitnesses, compiled statistical data on revenue rates, prices, and interest rates in different regions, and collated the reports sent by district collectors.|
Answer: Deccan Riots Commission
Consider the following statements regarding the Limitation Law.
(i) This law was passed by the British in 1859.
(ii) This law stated that the loan bonds signed between the moneylenders and ryots would have validity for only two years.
(iii) This law was implemented to check the accumulation of interest over time.
Which of the following statement (s) is/are correct?
(a) I and III
(b) II and III
(c) I and II
(d) II only
Answer: (a) I and III
Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Government of India
pressurised the Government of Bombay to set up a commission of inquiry to investigate the causes of the Deccan riots.
Reason (R): The government of India was worried by the memory of 1857.
(a) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is correct but (R) is not correct.
(d) (R) is correct but (A) is not correct.
Answer: (a) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
Arrange the following events in chronological order:
1. Santhal Rebellion
2. American Civil War
3. Permanent Settlement
4. First Revenue Settlement in Bombay Deccan
Choose the correct option:
(a) 4, 3, 1 and 2
(b) 4, 1, 2 and 3
(c) 3, 1, 4, and 2
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Answer: (c) 3, 1, 4, and 2
Identify the image and describe it.
Answer: This painting depicts the Santhals fighting the sepoys of the British Raj.
Match the following.
|(i) cutcheries||(a) peasant|
|(ii) Jumma||(b) moneylender|
|(iii) Sahukar||(c) court|
|(iv) ryot||(d) assessment|
Choose the correct option
(a) i – b, ii – c, iii – a, iv – d
(b) i – d, ii – c, iii – a, iv – b
(c) i – c, ii – d, iii – b, iv – a
(d) i – a, ii – d, iii – b, iv – c
Answer: (d) i – a, ii – d, iii – b, iv – c
________ was declared as the land of the Santhals.
________ is a term used for the transaction made in the name of a fictitious or relatively insignificant person, whereas the real beneficiary remains unnamed.
What were the different names jotedars were known by?
Answer: Jotedars were known in different areas as haoladars, gantidars, and mandals.
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