CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 2
These Sample Papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 2
Time allowed : 3 hours
Maximum Marks : 80
- The question paper has 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Marks are indicated against each question.
- Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are Very Short Answer Type Questions. Each questions carries one mark.
- Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
- Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B). 26(A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attach the map inside your answer book.
- There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in some questions. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such-questions.
What are the provinces under the Habsberg Empire ?
Which was the most important cause of colonisation of Vietnam by the French ?
How were woodblocks used in the early fifteen century in Europe ?
What is Dastan ?
What is the most important benefit of ‘hydrological cycle’ ?
Which is the third level government of Belgium ?
Why the modem currency is accepted as a medium of exchange ?
Mr. Jammy is the C.E.O. of an MNC located in Italy and wants to invest in India. How this investment is different from foreign trade ?
If you are not interested to buy a brush with toothpaste but the shopkeeper denies to sell toothpaste only. In this case which consumer right is being violated by the seller ?
State three features of the Napoleonic code.
Why were road and railway network built by French in Vietnam ?
Why did the woodblock method become popular in Europe ?
Who was the writer of first modem Hindi novel which became a best-seller ? Name that novel and also mention the reasons for its popularity.
What are the various methods of soil conservation ?
Ram Lai is a farmer in the state of Madhya Pradesh and wants to have some benefit from the government institutional programmes which shall be in his interest. Mention any three reforms introduced by the government in this respect.
In what ways is the judiciary important for Indian Federalism ?
“At least one-fourth of the globe is still not under democratic government.” Explain the challenge to democracy.
What are the political outcomes of democracy ?
Besides income, what are other things people may look for growth and development ?
What is money ? Why is modem money currency accepted as a medium of exchange ?
Explain the meaning of HDI. Mention three components of measuring HDI.
Mention any two rights of consumers with examples.
Examine the main features of global agricultural economy that emerged around 1890.
What is meant by Proto-industrialisation ? How did it affect the rural peasants and artisans ?
Charles Dickens wrote in his book ‘Dombey and Son’ about the massive destruction in the process of construction of underground railways. What did he write ? How according to one newspaper reader, underground railways were a menace to health ?
Why did Mahatma Gandhi decide to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement ? Explain.
Name two prominent industrialists who supported Civil Disobedience Movement. Why did the initial enthusiasm of the merchants and industrialists fade away during the later stages of the Civil Disobedience Movement ?
In what ways industries pollute environment ? Discuss with examples.
Classify roads of India on the basis of their capacity.
Indian road transportation is confronted with problem. Justify this statement.
What is a political party ? Write some characteristics of a political party.
“Describe the popular water struggle of Bolivia.
“Every social difference does not lead to social division.” Explain the statement.
Iqbal is a construction worker, Raju is a mine worker and Faisal has his own tailoring shop. What is the nature of activity for each of them. Also identify the sector of economy in which Iqbal, Raju and Faisal are working. Evaluate how Faisal’s work and sector is different from the other two.
Himanshu lives in the city of Gurugram. When he was in school there were few call centers in his city, while now he is in college and finds hundreds of call centres and BPOs near his locality. What factors are responsible for this growth ?
(A) Two features (a) and (b) are marked on the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked near them.
(a) A place where Khilafat Committee was formed in 1919.
(b) A place where Militant Guerrilla Movement spread under the leadership of Alluri Sitaram Raju.
(B) Locate and label the following with appropriate symbols on the same given outline map of India.
(i) An oil field
(ii) A mica mine
(iii) A nuclear power plant.
Mabsberg empire include the Alpine region Tyrol, Austria and the Sudetenland as well as Bohemia where the aristocracy was predominantly German-speaking along with Italian speaking provinces of Lombardy and Venetia. The need for constant supply of raw materials to feed the industries in France was the main cause of colonisation of Vietnam by the French.
In the early 15th century, woodblocks were being widely used to print textiles, religious scriptures and playing cards in Europe.
Prose tales of heroism and adventure in Persian and Urdu are known as Dastan.
‘Hydrological cycle’ recharges the ground water which is quite essential for the sustanance of wildlife and human beings as well.
Community government is the third level government in Belgium. A community government is one in which different social groups are given the power to handle the affairs related to their communities.
Modern currency is accepted as a medium of exchange because it is authorised and issued by the government of the country.
Foreign investment is that investment which is made by an MNC or a financial institution in another country. It is different from foreign trade as foreign trade is exchange of capitals, goods and services across international borders or territories. It helps in connecting the market of different countries across the world. It can take place through import, export or joint ventures.
In this case Right to Choose is being violated by the seller. It is a consumer right to be assured to have access to a variety of goods and services at competitive prices.
The Civil Code of 1804 was known as the Napoleonic Code.
Following were the three features of this code :
- He abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues.
- Right to property was given and abolished all the privileges based as birth.
- A uniform system of weights and measures was introduced to facilitate the movements and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another.
Road and railway network were built by French in Vietnam because :
- To transport raw materials from the interior parts of Vietnam to the port cities.
- To link the northern and southern parts of Vietnam and China.
- Roads and railways were needed for the fast movement of the army.
Woodblocks were being widely used in Europe to print textiles, playing cards and religious pictures with simple, brief texts, in the early 15th century. Before this manuscripts were being used for writing purpose which was done manually by people. The reason for the woodblock method becoming popular in Europe are :
- The manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle and could not be read easily and carried around. Circulation therefore remained limited.
- Production of handwritten manuscripts could not meet the ever increasing demand for books. Copying was an expensive, laborious arid time consuming business.
- Thus, with the growing demand for books, woodblock printing gradually became more and more popular as the cost of production by woodblock was cheaper.
Devki Nandan Khatri was the writer of the first modern Hindi novel ‘Chandrakanta’ which became a best seller.
- It was full of romance with dazzling elements of familiarity, it is believed to have contributed immensely in popularizing the Hindi language and the Nagari script among the educated classes of those times.
- Although it was written purely for the pleasure of reading, this novel also gives some interesting insights into the fear happines, mystery, fantacy, etc.
Soil conservation includes all those measures which help in protecting the soil from erosion and exhaustion.
Various methods of soil conservation are :
- Contour ploughing : Ploughing along the contour lines can check the flow of water down the slopes. It is also called as contour ploughing. It can be practiced on the hills.
- Terrace cultivation : Slopes may be cut into a series of steps to make terraces with sufficient level of ground on each terrace for cultivation. It restricts soil erosion. It is practiced in western and central Himalayas.
- Planting of shelter belts : Planting lines of trees to create shelter belts have contributed significantly for the stabilisation of sand dunes and also in stabilising the desert in western India.
To benefit farmers like Ram Lai, the government has introduced many institutional reforms, which are listed below :
- The government has established the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR), agriculture universities and animal breeding centre to carry out research and development activities in Indian agriculture.
- Kisan Credit Card (KCC) and crop insurance schemes have been launched for the benefit of the farmers.
- The government is also investing in rural infrastructure to modernise rural markets and to make them competitive.
Judiciary is important for Indian federalism as :
- It plays a pivotal role in the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedure.
- Judiciary administers both the Union and the State laws which are applicable to the cases coming up for adjudication.
- Judiciary with the Supreme Court at the apex is the sole interpreter of the Indian Constitution. The disputes about the division of powers are settled by the judiciary.
According to the Democracy Index of 2012, there is democracy in 167 countries of the world, of them 165 countries are members of the United Nations.
The challenge to democracy in these parts is very stark. These countries face the foundation challenge of making the transition to democracy and then instituting a democratic government. This involves bringing down the existing non-democratic government.
Military should be kept away from controlling the government to establish a sovereign and functional state.
Thus, it can be concluded that at least one-fourth of the globe is still not under democratic government.
The most basic political outcome of democracy is the establishment of an accountable government which is responsible and answerable to the voters.
Some other political outcomes of democracy are as follows :
- It ensures right to the citizens to choose their leaders and put a check on them.
- It generates its own political support for itself and promotes regular, free and fair elections.
- It provides procedures and develops mechanism for decision-making. If required, people can participate in decision-making either directly or through representatives.
Though income is one of the most important aspect of our lives, but there are other , important things that people look for growth and development such as :
- People seek equal treatment, freedom, security and respect.
- Women need safe and secure environment to take up a variety of jobs or to run a business.
- People need political rights.
Money is anything which has common acceptability as a means of exchange, a measure and a store of value. Modern money currency has been accepted as a medium of exchange because :
- Money solves the problem of double coincidence of wants.
- Money is sometimes paid as advance with the promise of delivery of goods later.
- Goods and services are being bought and sold with the use of money easily.
HDI stands for Human Development Index. It may be defined as the process of widening people’s choices as well as raising the level of their well-being. The concept of HDI goes beyond income and growth to cover all human choices. It put the people at the centre stage and covers all aspects of human development with the aim of improving the conditions of the people from all angles. It is a broader approach to development.
Components of Measuring HDI :
- Life Expectancy : It is the average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.
- Per Capita Income : Mean income of the people is an economic unit. It is calculated by dividing the total national income of a country by population. It is calculated in dollars for all countries so that it can be compared.
- Gross Enrolment Ratio for Three Levels : It means enrolment ratio for primary school secondary schools and higher education beyond secondary level.
Right of the consumers are :
(i) Right to Choose : Any consumer who receives a service in whatever capacity, regardless of age, gender and nature of service has the ‘right to choose’.
Example : Suppose you want to buy a soap and the shop owner says that he can sell the soap only if you buy a shampoo. If you are not interested in buying the shampoo, your right to choose is denied.
The consumer has every right to purchase only those things that he wants to purchase.
(ii) Right to be Informed : In order to protect the consumers from the exploitation of the producers or the shopkeepers, the consumers have been provided the ‘Right to be Informed’. Under this right, the consumer should be informed about the ingredients used, price, batch number, date of manufacture, expiry date and address of the manufacturer.
Example : Suppose you want to purchase garments, you must be informed about its quality and price as well as the instructions for their washing.
By 1890, a global agricultural economy had taken shape. It was accompanied by complex changes in labour movement patterns, capital flows, ecologies and technologies.
The features of global agriculture economy were as follows :
- Food and other products : Food and other products started flowing from far away places. It was no longer grown by a peasant tilling his own land, but by an agricultural worker. Farmers started working in fields and the agriculture had became an activity based on modern technologies and irrigation facilities.
- Infrastructure : The food and other products being transported by railways and by ships which were manned in these decades by low paid workers from southern Europe Asia Africa and the Caribbean Islands.
- Raw materials : Indian farmers were producing raw cotton and other farm products for British industries. World trade between 1820 and 1914 multiplied about 25 to 40 times.
- Scrapping of Corn Law : The scrapping of the Corn Law laid the foundation of free trade. Now food could be imported or exported into Britain freely.
- Commercialisation of Agriculture in Colonies : The imperial countries took various steps to commercialise agriculture in their colonies. For example, British government built a network of irrigation canals to transform semi-desert waste land of west Punjab into fertile agriculture land.
Even before the beginning of the industrial revolution, there was a large scale industrial production for an international market, which was not based on the modern factories. This phase of industrialisation is referred to as Proto-industrialisation.
- In the 17th and 18th centuries, merchants from towns in Europe began moving to the countryside, supplying money to the peasants and artisans to produce for the international market.
- Many had a tiny plot of land which could not provide work to all the members of the family. It supplemented their incomes.
- It was a period when open fields were disappearing and common land were fenced. Poor peasants, who were earlier dependent on common land, had to find a new way of survival—when merchants offered advances, they readily agreed to work for them.
- The whole family was engaged in production work which further increased their earnings.
- They could now remain in the villages, retain a part of their production on their land and sell excess to the merchants.
Charles Dickens wrote in his book ‘Dombey and Son’ about the massive destruction in the process of construction of underground railways. He wrote :
- Deep pits and trenches were dug into the ground.
- Houses were knocked down, streets broken through and stopped.
- There were a hundred and thousand shapes and substances of incompleteness.
- Enormous heaps of earth and clay was thrown up.
According to one newspaper reader, the underground railways were a menace to health because the compartment in which he travelled was filled with passengers smoking pipes. The atmosphere was full of mixture of sulphur, coal and dust. The gas lamps gave foul smell. By the time the train reached Moorgate he was nearly dead because of suffocation and heat.
Under the leadership of Gandhiji, the Civil Disobedience Movement was launched in 1930. The movement spread and salt laws were challenged in many parts of the country. The Civil Disobedience Movement carried forward the unfinished work of the Non-Cooperation movement. Practically the whole country became a part of it.
But there were many reasons as to why Gandhiji called off the Civil Disobedience Movement as:
- Mahatma Gandhi himself was arrested which led to attacks on police posts, municipal buildings, law courts, etc.
- The colonial government began to use stern steps to stop the mass agitation. Various Congress leaders were arrested which led to widespread violent clashes with the police.
- The British once again began a series of brutal repression of the demonstrators L and attacked peaceful Satyagrahis. Women and children were beaten badly.
- The arrest of Abdul Gaffar Khan in Peshawar resulted in a demonstration and defying of police authority by the crowd. Many died in the clash. A large number of people were arrested. Apprehending the situation turning violent and going out of control, Gandhiji decided to call off the movement.
Purshottamdas Thakurdas and G.D. Birla were two prominent industrialists who supported the Civil Disobedience Movement. The initial enthusiam of the merchants and industrialists faded away during the later stages of the Civil Disobedience
Movement because of the following reasons :
- The failure of the Round Table Conference demoralised the business groups who lost the enthusiasm to be a part of any such movement.
- The spread of militant activities worried the business classes as there were long disruptions in business due to frequent bandhs and hartals (strikes).
- The businessmen saw swaraj as freedom from colonial restrictions on business and expansion of trade and industry without constraints but the britishers refused to back down and grant swaraj to India.
- They were also afraid of the growing influence of socialism among the younger members of the Congress.
Industries pollute the environment by polluting air, water and land. They also cause noise pollution. They have increased pollution and resulted in a degraded environment. The pollution created by industries can be classified as :
- Land pollution : It is caused by dumping of non-biodegradable solid waste from industries in landfill sites.
- Air pollution : Industries cause air pollution by the emission of gases from industrial complexes and power generation units. Leakage of poisonous gases and chemicals from chemical industries and burning of fossil fuels in big and small factories also leads to air pollution.
- Water pollution : It is caused when industrial effluents both organic and inorganic are discharged into rivers or other water bodies. Some other common pollutants of the water pollution are fertilisers, pesticides, dyes, soaps, etc.
- Noise pollution : Undesirable noise pollution from industries like construction, running of generators to generate power, electrical drill, etc., is responsible for disturbing our environment.
- Thermal pollution : It occurs when hot water from factories and thermal plants is drained into rivers and ponds before cooling.
Roads in India are classified on the basis of their capacity are as follows :
- Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways : These projects are implemented by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI). There are three major super highways. Golden quadrilateral starts from Delhi, moves to Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and back to Delhi. The North-South Corridor starts from Srinagar to Kanyakumari. The East- West corridor connects Silchar to Porbandar.
- National Highways : These roads are laid and maintained by Central Public Works Department (CPWD). A number of major National Highways run in North- South and East-West directions, e.g., Sher Shah Suri Marg is called National Highway No. 1.
- State Highways : Roads linking a state capital with different district headquarters are known as state highways. These roads are constructed and maintained by States and Union Territories.
- District Roads : These roads connect the district headquarters with other places of the district and are maintained by the Zila Parishad.
- Rural Roads : These roads link rural areas and villages with town. They are constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana.
Major problems faced by road transport in India are :
- Keeping in view the volume of traffic and passengers the road network is inadequate.
- About 50% of the roads are unmetalled.
- This limit the usage during the rainy season.
- The National Highways are also inadequate.
- The roads are highly congested in cities.
- Most of the bridges and culverts are old and narrow.
A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. A political party has three components.
- Party leadership
- Party members
- Party followers
Political parties are one of the most visible institutions in a democracy. They reflect fundamental political divisions in a society. They are a part of the society and involve partnership.
Characteristics of a political party are :
- Political parties are groups of well organised and like minded people with the same views and opinions.
- The members of the political parties agree on the policies and programmes to be implemented for the benefit of the society with a view to promote collective good.
- Every political party has one common aim that is to attain power in one way or the another. To achieve this aim they contest elections and try to win them. If they single handedly are unable to win a majority, they make an alliance with other parties to form a coalition government.
- Political parties try to persuade people that their policies are better than those of other parties. They are a part of society and thus involve in partnership.
- A political party runs with the help of its leaders, active members and supporters. It is generally known by what it stands for, the policies it supports and the interests it upholds.
Popular Water Struggle of Bolivia :
- Bolivia is a small and poor country in Latin America. Bolivia’s water war is the struggle against ‘Water Privatisation’.
- The World Bank pressurised the government to give up its control of municipal water. The government sold these rights to a multinational company which increased the water prices by four times. Many people received monthly water bill of ₹ 1,000 in a country where average income is around ₹ 5,000 in a month.
- The protest against water privatization was not led by a political party. It was led by an organisation called FEDECOR which comprised local professionals, including [ engineers and environmentalists. In January 2000, a new alliance of labour human rights and community leaders organised successful one day strike. The government agreed to negotiate and the strike was called off.
- The police resorted to brutal regression when the agitation started in February and the government imposed martial law. But the power of people forced the officials of the MNC to flee the city and made government concede to all the demand of the protestors. The movement forced the Bolivian government to change its decision.
- The contract with MNC was cancelled and the water supply was restored with the municipal at old rates. The movement forced the Bolivian government to change its decision. This popular struggle is also known as ‘Bolivia’s Water Cool’.
Every social differences does not lead to social division :
- Social differences divide similar people from one another, but they also unite very different people. For example, “Carlos and Smith were similar to each other but they were different from Norman who was white. But Norman did sympathise with Carlos and Smith.
- People belonging to different social groups share differences and similarities cutting across the boundaries of their groups.
- It is fairly common for people belonging to the same religion to feel that they do not belong to the same community, because their caste or sect is different.
- It is also possible for people from different religions to have the same caste and feel close to each other.
Iqbal is a construction worker and thus would be catagorised under secondary unorganised sector.
Raju is a mine worker, hence his work would be covered under unorganised primary sector.
Faisal has his own tailoring shop and provides his services to the people. His nature of work comes under tertiary sector but it is also unorganised.
- Tertiary sector is different from other two sectors in a way that; the primary sector and secondary sector produces goods but tertiary sector provides services and does not produce any good.
- Tertiary sector helps in the development of the primary sector, secondary sector.
- The activities under tertiary sector provide aid and support for the production process.
- The services under tertiary sectors increase the efficiency of production process and also provide the necessary information and knowledge required for the development of a country.
- Examples of tertiary sector activities are : Bank clerks, teachers, doctors, transportation services, etc.
Major factors responsible for the high growth of the service sector in India :
- Economic reforms in 1991 : Economic reforms introduced in 1991 allowed MNCs to enter the Indian market. It abolished restrictions on foreign investment and opened the doors for inflow of foreign capital. Government-liberalised policy enabled the increase of foreign direct invesment drastically. It brought several changes in the Indian market.
- Low labour cost : The cost of labour in India was comparatively lower than developed nations. This attracted multinational companies to outsource their business service activities in India. Hence, the service industry was rapidly grown with the companies who identified the importance of business outsourcing process such as trainining, teaching and marketing to improve their business performance.
- Growth of Information Technology (IT): Growth of the service sector was highly stimulated by the growth of Information Technology (IT) in India. IT helped to perform vital service businesses in the country. Highly skilled software resources are found in India. Many state governments such as Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Delhi emphasised on the importance of the IT sector.
- Increase in the income level of people : With the increase in the income level of people, the demand for services like hospitals, teachers and tourism has been increasing. This change can be well experienced in the cities.
- Growth and development in the primary and secondary sector : Tertiary sector provides its services to the primary and secondary sectors and helps in the growth of primary and secondary sector.
The answer map is given below.
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