# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 9 Data Handling Ex 9.4

These NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 9 Data Handling Ex 9.4 Questions and Answers are prepared by our highly skilled subject experts.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 9 Data Handling Exercise 9.4

Question 1.
A survey of 120 school students was done to find which activity they prefer to do in their free time.

 Preferred activity Number of students Playing 45 Reading story books 30 Watching TV 20 Listening to music 10 Painting 15

Draw a bar graph to illustrate the above data taking scale of 1 unit length = 5 students.
Which activity is preferred by most of the students other than playing?
Steps :
(i) Draw two perpendicular lines OX and OY.
(ii) Draw vertical bars (rectangles) of same width keeping equal spacing between them.
(iii) ∵ 1 unit length = 5 students,
∴ Heights of bars will be
For playing = 45 ÷ 5 = 9 units
For reading story books = 30 ÷ 5 = 6 units
For watching TV = 20 ÷ 5 = 4 units
For listening to music = 10 ÷ 5 = 2 units
For painting = 15 ÷ 5 = 3 units
The required graph is as under :

Reading story books is preferred by most of the students other than playing.

Question 2.
The number of Mathematics books sold by a shopkeeper on six consecutive days is shown below:

 Days Number of books sold Sunday 65 Monday 40 Tuesday 30 Wednesday 50 Thursday 20 Friday 70

Draw a bar graph to represent the above information choosing the scale of your choice.
Steps:
(i) Draw two perpendicular lines OX and OY.
(ii) Draw bars (rectangles) of equal width on OX having same spacing between them.
(iii) Taking an appropriate scale (here 1 unit length = 10 books) fix the heights of various bars, such as:
For Sunday = 65 ÷ 10 = 6.5 units
For Monday = 40 ÷ 10 = 4 units
For Tuesday = 30 ÷ 10 = 3 units
For Wednesday = 50 ÷ 10 = 5 units
For Thursday = 20 ÷ 10 = 2 units
For Friday = 70 ÷ 10 = 7 units
∴ The required graph is as under :

Question 3.
Following table shows the number of bicycles manufactured in a factory during the years 1998 to 2002. Illustrate this data using a bar graph. Choose a scale of your choice.

 Years Number of bicycles manufactured 1998 800 1999 600 2000 900 2001 1100 2002 1200

(a) In which year was the maximum number of bicycles manufactured?
(b) In which year was the minimum number of bicycles manufactured?
Steps :
(i) Draw two perpendicular lines OX and OX
(ii) Draw bars of equal width on OX having same spacing between them.
(iii) For fixing heights of various bars, choose an appropriate scale (here: 1 unit length = 200 bicycles) so that, we have:
∴ For 1998: 800 ÷ 200 = 4 units
For 1999: 600 ÷ 200 = 3 units
For 2000: 900 ÷ 200 = 4.5 units
For 2001: 1100 ÷ 200 = 5.5 units
For 2002: 1200 ÷ 200 = 6 units

(a) The maximum number of bicycles manufactures in 2002.
(b) The minimum number of bicycles manufactured in 1999.

Question 4.
Number of persons in various age groups in a town is given in the following table.

 Number of persons Age group 2 lakhs 1 – 14 1 lakhs 60 thousands 15 – 29 1 lakh 20 thousands 30 – 44 1 lakh 20 thousands 45 – 59 80 60 – 74 40 Thousands 75 and above

Draw a bar graph to represent the above information and answer the following
questions. (take 1 unit length = 20 thousands)
(a) Which two age groups have same population?
(b) All persons in the age group of 60 and above are called senior citizens. How many senior citizens are there in the town?
Steps :
(i) Draw two perpendicular lines OX and OY.
(ii) Draw bars of equal width on OX having same spacing between them.
(iii) Since the scale is given:
1 unit length = 20 thousand person
∴ The heights of various bars are given below such as :
For 1 – 14 : 200000 ÷ 20000 = 10 units
For 15 – 29 : 160000 ÷ 20000 = 8 units
For 30 – 44 : 120000 ÷ 20000 = 6 units
For 45 – 59 : 120000 ÷ 20000 = 6 units
For 60 – 74 : 80000 ÷ 20000 = 4 units
For 75 and above
: 40000 ÷ 20000 = 2 units
Now, the required bar graph is as follows

(a) Group 30 – 44 and group 45 – 59 have same population.
(b) 80,000 + 40,000 = 1,20,000 senior citizens are there in the town.

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