# NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 9 Financial Statements 1

Detailed, Step-by-Step NCERT Solutions for 11 Accountancy Chapter 9 Financial Statements 1 Questions and Answers were solved by Expert Teachers as per NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines covering each topic in chapter to ensure complete preparation.

## Financial Statements 1 NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 9

### Financial Statements 1 Questions and Answers Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 9

Test Your Understanding -I

I. State True or False :

(i) Gross profit is total revenue.
(ii) In trading and profit and loss account, opening stock appears on the debit side because it forms the part of the cost of sales for the current accounting year.
(iii) Rent, rates and taxes is an example of direct expenses.
(iv) If the total of the credit side of the profit and loss account is more
Answer:
(i) True
(ii) True
(iii) False
(iv) True

II. Match the items given under ‘A’ with the correct items under B’:

A – B

(i) Closing stock is credited to — (a) Trial balance
(ii) Accuracy of book of account is tested by — (b) Trading account
(iii) On returning the goods to seller, the buyer sends — (c) Credit note
(iv) The financial position is determined by — (d) Balance sheet by
(v) On receiving the returned goods from the buyer, the seller sends — (e) Debit note from the buyer, the seller sends
Answer:
(i) (b) Trading account
(ii) (a) Trial balance
(iii) (e) Debit note
(iv) (d) Balance sheet
(v) (c) Credit note

Test Your Understanding -II

Choose the correct option in the following questions :
1. The financial statements consist of:
(i) Trial balance
(ii) Profit and Loss account
(iii) Balance sheet
(iv) (i) & (iii)
Answer:
(iv) (i) & (iii)

2. ‘ Choose the correct chronological order of ascertainment of the following profits from the profit and loss account:
(i) Operating Profit, Net Profit, Gross Profit
(ii) Operating Profit, Gross Profit, Net Profit
(iii) Gross Profit, Operating Profit, Net Profit
(iv) Gross Profit, Net Profit, Operating Profit
Answer:
(iii) Gross Profit, Operating Profit, Net Profit

3. While calculating operating profit, the following are not taken into account.
(i) Normal transactions
(ii) Abnormal items
(iii) Expenses of a purely financial nature
(iv) (ii) & (iii)
(v) (i) & (iii)
Answer:
(iii) Expenses of a purely financial nature

4. Which of the following is correct: ‘
(i) Operating profit = Operating profit – Non-operating expenses – Non-operating incomes
(ii) Operating profit = Net profit + Non-operating expenses + Non-operating incomes
(iii) Operating profit = Net profit + Non-operating expenses – Non-operating incomes
(iv) Operating profit = Net profit – Non-operating expenses + Non-operating incomes
Answer:
(iii) Operating profit = Net profit + Non-operating expenses – Non-operating incomes

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What are the objectives of preparing financial statements?
Answer:
When the business enterprise satisfy itself with the agreement of trial balance, then they proceeds to prepare the financial statement for their business. Now they are interested to know whether they have earned profit or incurred losses during the accounting period.

They also want to ascertain the business position at the end of the accounting period. For this purpose they prepare financial statements which are also called Final accounts. It is the last phase of accounting process. In our system of accounting, financial statements include Balance Sheet, Trading Account, Profit and Loss Account and explanatory schedules and notes.

The main objectives of financial statement r§ to communicate financial position and performance of the business entities to the users of accounts. Financial position of a business entity is indicated through Balance Sheet and performance is indicated through Trading and Profit and Loss Account. ‘

Main Objectives :
(1) To determine profit or loss of business.
(2) To know the financial position of business.
(3) To get information by the management from financial statement to plan and control business operations.
(4) To ascertain the earning capacity and growth aspects of the business.
(5) To know the solvency of the business.
(6) To determine the tax liability.

Question 2.
What is the purpose of preparing trading and profit and loss account?
Answer:
Trading Account – Trading Account is the first part of the financial statements. The trading account is designed to show the gross profit on sale of goods. The trading account contains the transactions of the trader relating to the commodities in which he deals, throughout the accounting period. All expenses either related to purchase of raw material or production or manufacturing are charged to the Trading A/c i.e. Debited to Trading A/c.

It is prepared to find out Gross Profit or Gross Loss. If the sales are more than purchases and expenses the result is Gross Profit and vice-versa. Its main components are sales, services rendered and cost of such sales or services rendered. Trading account provides the data for comparison, analysis and planning for future growth.

The main purpose for preparing trading account are following :
(1) It gives the information about the Gross Profit. Figures of different years compared and plans for future growth.
(2) Ratio of different materials or items with the Gross Profit helps businessman to improve its administration.
(3) Comparison of cost of goods sold with sales help trader to ascertain the price of the goods.
(4) Precautionary measure can be taken to avoid possible losses by analysing the items of direct expenses.

Profit and Loss Account – Profit and Loss Account is the second part of the financial statement. Businessman is more interested in knowing his net income or net profit, which increases the owner’s equity. Net profit represents the excess of gross profit plus other revenue income over indirect expense.

These indirect expenses are not shown in the trading account. In the debit side of Profit and Loss Account the indirect expenses are shown whereas in the credit side revenue incomes. If the debit side is less than credit side, it would be net profit and if the credit side is less than debit side it would be net loss.

‘A Profit and Loss Account is an account into which all gains and losses are collected in order to ascertain the excess of gain over the losses or vice-versa.” – Prof. Carter
The main purpose for preparing profit and loss account are following:
(1) To ascertain the net profit of business at the end of the accounting period.
(2) To compare the net profit of business of different years.
(3) To plan to increase the net profit of business.
(4) Proper allocation of net profit among the partners or parties interested in business.

Question 3.
Explain the concept of cost of goods sold?
Answer:
Cost of goods sold = Opening stock + Net purchases + Direct expenses – Closing stock.
Cost of goods sold implies what is the cost of goods sold during the year. It include only the direct expenses, not the indirect expenses. It is that cost which include the cost of raw materials and all the direct expenses like factory rent, wages, carriage, freight inward etc. It is also ascertained by following method :
Cost of goods sold = Net sales – Gross profit

Cost of goods sold include :
Opening stock that refers the closing stock of previous year.
Net purchases – This refers to the goods or raw materials purchased for resale or for manufacture. It include both cash and credit purchases. It can be ascertained by deducting purchase returns from the total purchases. It does not include the purchase of assets. It only include the purchase of goods for the purpose of resale.

Direct expenses – Direct expenses are those expenses which are incurred on the goods purchased till they are brought to the place of business for sale. For example wages, wages and salary, power, factory rent, freight inward, import duty, power and fuel, carriage, carriage inward etc.

Closing stock – The stock of goods remained unsold during the year. It means only raw material or unsold finished’ goods of those things which are traded by the firm.

Net sales – Net sales is sales returns deducted from the total sale. Cost of goods sold helps the trader to ascertain the price of goods and to plan to reduce them to increase his gross profit.

Question 4.
What is a balance sheet? What are its characteristics?
Answer:
Balance Sheet : The statement of assets and liabilities is known as Balance Sheet. It is a statement which sets out the assets, liabilities and capital of an entity as at a certain date. It is prepared as at a certain date and not for a period. It is prepared after the preparation of Profit and Loss Account. The total of the assets side must be equal to the total of the liabilities side i.e. the two sides of the Balance Sheet must be equal. If they are not equal, there is certainly an error somewhere.

“A Balance Sheet is an itemised list of the assets, liabilities and proprietorship of a business of on individual at a certain date.’’ – Freeman

“Balance Sheet is a screen picture of the financial position of a going business at a certain moment.” – Francis R. Stead

“A list of balances in the assets and liability accounts. This list depicts the position of assets and liabilities of a specific business at a specific point of time.”

– Committee on Terminology of American Institute of Certified Public Accountant (AICPA) . It is the report about the properties owned by the enterprise and the claims of the creditors and owner against these properties. Thus, Balance Sheet is a statement prepared with a view to measure the exact fianancial position of a business on a certain date. „ Characteristics of Balance Sheet

(1) Statement not an account – The balance sheet is a statement and not an account. It has no debit or credit side and as such the words ‘To’ and ‘By’ are not used before the names of the account written therein. It is part of final accounts and prepared with the help of accounts. Yet it is not an account but a statement.

(2) Prepared on a particular date – Balance Sheet is prepared on a particular date. It shows the position at that date and not for a period.

(3) Summary of personal and real accounts – A balance sheet is a summary of the personal and real accounts. Debit of all personal and real accounts are transferred to the assets side and the credit balance of all personal and real accounts are transferred to the liabilities side.

(4) Total of both side should be equal-The totals of liabilities and assets always are equal. If total are not equal, there must be some error.

(5) Financial position of the business – It shows the financial position of the business concern.

(6) What firm own and owes – It shows what the firm owes to outsiders and also what others owe to the firm.

Question 5.
Distinguish between capital and revenue expenditure and state whether the following statements are items of capital or revenue expenditure :
(a) Expenditure incurred on repairs and white washing at the time of purchase of an old building in order to make it usable.
(b) Expenditure incurred to provide one more exit in a cinema hall in compliance with government order.
(c) Registration fees paid at the time of purchase of a building.
(d) Expenditure incurred in the maintenance of a tea garden which will produce tea after four years.
(e) Depreciation charged on a plant.
(f) The expenditure incurred in erecting a platform on which a machine will be fixed.
(g) Advertising expenditure, the benefits of which will last four years.
Answer:
Capital expenditure consists of expenditure the benefit of which is not fully utilized in one accounting period but spread over several periods. It is the amount spent by an enterprise on purchase of fixed assets that are used in the business to earn income and are not intended for resale. Any expenditure which is undertaken for the purpose of increasing profits either
(i) by way of increasing earning capacity or
(ii) by decreasing cost.
Revenue expenditure consists of expenditure which are incurred in one accounting period, the benefit of which is consumed in the same period. It is the amount spent on running of a business. Those expenditure which are not capital expenditure are known as revenue expenditure. They are incurred to maintain the earning capacity of the business, whereas capital expenditure are incurred for improving the earning capacity of the business.
The distinction between Capital Expenditure and Revenue Expenditure

 Basis Capital Expenditure Revenue Expenditure 1. Earning Capacity it increases the earning capacity of business. It is incurred to maintain the earning capacity of business. 2. Recurring/Non­recurring It is non-recurring by nature. It is recurring by nature. 3. Purpose It is incurred to acquire fixed assets for the operation of business. It is incurred to conduct day to day business. 4. Time of Benefit It benefits more than one accounting  ear. it normally benefits one accounting year. 5. Depiction It is shown in the Balance Sheet. it is shown in the Trading and Profit and l.oss Account.

(a) Expenditure incurred on repairs and white washing at the time of purchase of an old building in ordertomake it usable. Capital Expenditure
(b) Expenditure incurred to provide one more exit in a cinema hall in compliance with government order. Capital Expenditure
(c) Registration fees paid at the time of purchase of a building.
Capital Expenditure
(d) Expenditure incurred in the maintenance of a tea garden which will produce tea after four years. Capital Expenditure
(e) Depreciation charged on a plant. Revenue Expenditure
(f) The expenditure incurred in erecting a platform on which a machine will be fixed. Capital Expenditure
(g) Advertising expenditure, the benefits of which will last four years. Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Question 6.
What is an operating profit?
Answer:
Operating Profit (EBIT) – Profit earned through the normal operations i.e. dealing with business only not any other activity. Operating profit is the excess of operating revenue over operating expenses.

It is arrived at by deducting the operating e.penses from gross profit. Operating expenses are those expenses which are related to the main activities of the business. They include office and administrative expenses and selling and distribution expenses, discount etc.
Operating Profit = Net Sales – Operating Cost = Net Sales – (Cost of goods sold + Administration and office expenses + Selling and distribution Expenses)
Or
Operating Profit = Net Profit + Non-operating Expenses – Non-operating Incomes
Where Net Sales = Cash Sales + Credit Sales – Sales Return

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What are financial statements? What information do they provide?
Answer:
Meaning of financial statements – Financial statements are those statements which reports the profitability and the financial position of the business at the end of the accounting period. At the end of the accounting period, financial statements are prepared to determine profit or loss and to know the financial position of the business. The statements are presented to users of accounting information for decision making.

The term financial statements includes at least two basic statements which are as under :
(i) Income statement (or Trading and Profit and Loss Account) which shows results of business operations during the accounting period and

(ii) Statement of financial position (or Balance Sheet) which shows financial position of an enterprise at a specified point of time.

Preparation of financial statements is the last phase of the accounting process. ‘The financial statements provide a summary of the accounts of a business enterprise, the balance sheet reflecting the assets, liabilities and capital as on a certain date and the income statement, showing the result of operations during a certain period.’’ – John N. Myer

When the business enterprise satisfy itself with the agreement of Trial Balance, then they proceeds to prepare the financial statements for their business. The main objective of financial statement is to communicate financial position and performance of the business entities to the user of accounts. Financial position of a business entity is indicated through Balance Sheet and performance is indicated through Trading and Profit and Loss Account. They help to ascertain the profit and loss occurring during the accounting period and the financial position of the business.

Information provided by the financial statement to the different users:
(1) Management – The financial statements help the management in assessing the profitability of various activities and various departments. On their basis, the management can review the progress of the business and take decisions for controlling the non-profitable activities.

(2) Investors – Shareholders or proprietors of the business are not generally involved in day-to-day working, they come to know the results of operations and financial position of the business only through the financial statements. They can assess the short-term and long-term financial soundness and earning capacity of the business with the help of financial statements.

(3) Potential Investors – Financial statements help them to know financial position, earning capacity and its prospects for growth of the business. Financial statements help them in making an assessment about how safe their investments will be.

(4) Short-term Creditors – Financial statements help them to assess whether the enterprise will be able to pay their debts when they fall due and may decide to extend, maintain or restrict the credit allowed to the enterprise.

(5) Long-term Creditors – Financial statements provide information to them about (i) whether enterprise will be able to pay the interests consistently and (ii) whether the company will be able to pay their debts when due. On this basis they may also decide to extend, maintain or restrict the loans extended to the enterprise.

(6) Government – Financial statements provide information to Government to study the profit margins of various industries to announce or withdraw various concessions and to increase or decrease the excise duty. It also give information to regulate the activities of the enterprise, determine policy, compilation of national income statistics.

(7) Employees – Financial statements gives information about the profit earned by the enterprises so that they can judge as to how much bonus and increase in their wages.

(8) Tax Authorities – Financial statements provides information to the Income Tax Authorities and Sales Tax Authorities about the income earned and sale of the enterprises respectively. It helps them to assessment of the Income Tax and Sales Tax.

Question 2.
What are the closing entries? Give four examples of closing entries?
Answer:
Closing entries – The preparation of trading and profit and loss account requires that the balance of accounts of all concerned items are transferred to it for its compilation. The entries required for such transfer are termed as closing entries. The entries that are to be recorded in the journal for preparing the Trading and Profit and Loss Account, that is for transferring the various accounts to those two accounts, are known as closing entries.
Closing entries relating to Trading Account:
(1) Closing entry for those accounts which are to be transferred to Dr. side of
Trading Account –
Trading A/c Dr.
To Opening Stock A/c
To Purchases A/c
To Wages A/c
To Carriage Inwards A/c
To Freight A/c
To Power, Fuel and Gas A/c
To Factory Rent A/c
To Duty on Purchases A/c
To Wages and Salaries A/c
To Factpry Lighting A/c
To All other direct expenses A/c (Being the transfer of above accounts to the Dr. side of Trading A/c)

(2) Closing entry for those accounts which are to be transferred to the Cr. side of Trading A/c –
Sales A/c — Dr.
Closing Stock — Dr.
To Trading A/c
(Being the transfer of above account to the Cr. side of Trading A/c)

(3) If the credit side of the Trading Account exceeds the debit, the difference will be Gross Profit.
The Gross Profit will be transferred to the credit side of Profit and Loss Account –
Trading A/c — Dr.
To Profit and Loss A/c
(Being transfer of Gross Profit to the Profit and Lyss A/c)

(4) If the debit side of Trading Account exceeds the credit, the difference will be Gross Loss. It is transferred to debit side of
Profit and Loss A/c
Trading A/c — Dr.
To Profit and Loss A/c
(Being Gross Loss transferred to Profit and Loss A/c)

Closing entires related to Profit and Loss Account:
(1) Accounts of various indirect expenses and losses are transferred to the debit side of Profit and Loss Account – Profit and Loss A/c Dr.
To Salaries A/c
To Rent, Rates and Taxes A/c
To Printing A/c
To Stationary A/c
To Postage and Telegrams A/c
To General Expenses A/c
To All other indirect expenses A/c – (Being the transfer of nominal accounts showing — Dr.
balances to the debit side of Profit and Loss A/c)

(2) Balances of all the accounts of incomes and gain will be transferred to the credit side of Profit and Loss Account –
Interest Received A/c — Dr
Commission Received A/c – Dr
Rent Received A/c – Dr
Apprentice Premium A/c – Dr
Income from other sources A/c – Dr
Miscellaneous Receipts A/c – Dr
To Profit and Loss A/c – Dr
(Being transfer of nominal accounts showing Cr. balances to the credit side of Profit and Loss A/c)

(3) If the credit side of Profit and Loss Account exceeds the debit the difference will be the Net Profit.
Net Profit transferred to the Capital Account –
Profit and Loss A/c — Dr.
To Capital A/c
(For the transfer of net profit to capital A/c)

(4) If the debit side of Profit and Loss Account exceeds the credit, the difference will be the Net Loss.
Net Loss transferred to the Capital Account –
Capital A/c — Dr.
To Profit and Loss A/c (For the transfer of net loss to Capital A/c)

Question 3.
Discuss the need of preparing a Balance Sheet.
Answer:
Balance Sheet is a component of financial statement that shows balance of liabilities, equities and assets of a business entity as on a particular date. Balance Sheet is not an account. Balance of liabilities, equities and assets are not closed by transferring to Balance Sheet, balance of those accounts are simply carried forward to the next accounting period. Balance Sheet displays the liabilities, equities and assets position generally at the end of accounting period.

It is sheet of balance of ledger accounts which are still open after the transfer of all nominal accounts to the Trading and Profit and Loss Account. Balance of all the personal and real accounts are grouped as assets and liabilities. Liabilities are shown on the left side of the Balance Sheet and assets on the right side.

“A business form showing what is owed and what the proprietor is worth, is called a Balance Sheet.” – Kurlson
“The Balance Sheet is statement prepared with a view’ to measure the exact financial position of a business on a certain fixed date.” – J.R. Balliboi

“The Balance Sheet is a statement at a particular date showing on one side the trader’s property and possessions and on the other hand the liabilities.” -A. Palmer

Need of preparing a “Balance Sheet :
(1) The main objective of preparing a Balance Sheet is to ascertain the true financial position of the business at a particular point of time.
(2) It gives information about the exact amount of capital at the end of the year and the addition or deduction made into it in the current year.
(3) It helps in ascertaining the nature and cost of various assets of the business such as the amount of closing stock, amount owing from debtors, amount of fictitious assets etc.
(4) It helps in ascertaining the nature and amount of various liabilities of the business.
(5) It helps in preparing the opening entries at the beginning of the next year.
(6) It helps in finding out whether the firm is solvent or not. The firm is solvent if the assets exceeds the external liabilities. It would be insolvent if opposite is the case.

Question 4.
What is meant by Grouping and Marshalling of assets and liabilities. Explain the ways in which a balance sheet may be marshalled.
Answer:
Grouping and Marshalling of assets and liabilities – The assets and liabilities shown in the Balance Sheet are properly grouped and presented in a particular order. The term ‘grouping’ means showing the items of similar nature under common heading for example, the amount owing from various customers will be shown under the heading “Sundry Debtors’. ‘Marshalling’ is the arrangement of various assets and liabilities in a proper order.

‘Marshalling’ of Balance Sheet can be made in two ways :
(1) In order of liquidity-According to this method, an asset which is most easily convertible into cash such as cash in hand is written first and then will follow those assets which are comparatively less easily convertible, so that the least liquid assets such as goodwill, is shown last. In the same way, those liabilities which are to be paid at the earliest will be written first. In other words, current liabilities are written first of all, then fixed or long-term liabilities and lastly, the proprietor’s capital.

Proforma of a Balance Sheet in the order of liquidity will be as follows :

(2) In order of permanance – This method is just opposite to the first method. Assets which are most difficult to be converted into cash such as Goodwill are written first and the assets which are most liquid such as cash in hand are written last. Those liabilities which are to be paid last, will be written first. The proprietor’s capital is written first of all, then fixed or long-term liabilities and lastly the current liabilities. Proformance of a Balance sheet in order of permanance will be as follows:

Notes:
(i) The total of Balance Sheet of both sides is always equal.
(ii) Prepaid expenses are treated as current assets. Though cash cannot be realised from prepaid expenses, the sendee will be available against these without further payment.

Numerical Questions

Question 1.
From the following balances taken from the hooks of Simmi and Vimmi Ltd. for the year ending March 31, 2011, calculate the gross profit.
Closing Stock — 2,50,000
Net sales during the year — 40,00,000
Net purchases during the year — 15,00,000
Opening stock — 15,00,000
Direct expenses — 80,000
Solution:
Gross Profit = Net Sales – Cost of Goods Sold
Cost of Goods Sold = Opening Stock + Net Purchases + Direct Expenses – Closing Stock

Cost of Goods Sold = Rs. 15,00,000 + Rs. 15,00,000 + Rs. 80,000 – Rs. 2,50,000
= Rs. 28,30,000
Gross Profit = Rs. 40,00,000 – Rs. 28,30,000 = Rs. 11,70,000.

Question 2.
From the following balances extracted from the books of M/s. Ahuja and Nanda, calculate the amount of:
(a) Cost of goods available for sale
(b) Cost of goods sold during the year
(c) Gross profit
Opening stock — 25,000
Credit purchases — 7,50,000
Cash purchases — 3,00,000
Credit sales — 12,00,000
Cash sales — 4,00,000
Wages — 1,00,000
Salaries — 1,40,000
Closing stock — 30,000
Sales return — 50,000
Purchases return — 10,000
Answer:
(a) Cost of goods available for sale = Opening Stock + Net Purchases + Direct Expenses
Net Purchases = Cash Purchases + Credit purchases – Purchases Return
Net Purchases = Rs. 3,00,000 + Rs. 7,50,000 – Rs. 10,000 = Rs. 10,40,000
Direct Expenses = Wages = Rs. 1,00,000
Cost of goods available for sale = Rs. 25,000 + Rs. 10,40,000
+ Rs. 1,00,000 = Rs. 11,65,000.

(b) Cost of goods sold during the year = Opening Stock + Net Purchases + Direct Expenses – Closing Stock
= Rs. 25,000 + Rs. 10,40,000 + Rs. 1,00,000 – Rs. 30,000 = Rs. 11,35,000.
(c) Gross Profit = Net Sales – Cost of goods sold
Net Sales = Cash Sales + Credit Sales – Sales Returns
= Rs. 12,00,000 + Rs. 4,00,000 – Rs. 50,000 = Rs. 15,50,000
Gross Profit =Rs. 15,50,000-Rs. 11,35,000 = Rs. 4,15,000.

Question 3.
Calculate the amount of gross profit and operating profit on the basis of the following balances extracted from the books of M/s. Rajiv & Sons for the year ending March 31,2011.
Opening stock — 50,000
Net sales — 11,00,000
Net purchases — 6,00,000
Direct expenses — 60,000
Administration expenses — 45,000
Selling and distribution expenses — 65,000
Loss due to fire — 20,000
Closing stock — 70,000
Answer:
Gross Profit = Net Sales – Cost of Goods Sold Cost of Goods Sold = Opening Stock + Net Purchases + Direct Expenses – Closing Stock
Cost of Goods Sold = Rs. 50,000 + Rs. 6,00,000 + Rs. 60,000 – Rs. 70,000′
= Rs. 6,40,000
Gross Profit = Rs. 11,00,000 – Rs. 6,40,000 = Rs. 4,60,000
Operating Profit = Net Sales – Operating Cost
= Net Sales – (Cost of goods sold + Administration and office expenses + Selling and Distribution expenses)
Rs. 11,00,000 – (Rs. 6,40,000 TRS. 45,000 + Rs. 65,000)
= Rs. 3,50,000.

Question 4.
Operating profit earned by M/s. Arora & Sachdeva in 2005-06 was Rs. 17,00,000. Its non-operating incomes were Rs. 1,50,000 and non-operating expenses were Rs. 3,75,000. Calculate the amount of net profit earned by the firm.
Answer:
Operating Profit = Net Profit + Non-operating expenses – Non-operating incomes
Net Profit = Operating Profit – Non-operating expenses + Non-operating incomes
= Rs. 17.00,000 – Rs. 3,75,000 + Rs. 1,50,000
= Rs. 14,75.000.

Question 5.
The following are the extracts from the trial balance of M/s. Bhola & Sons as on March 31,2011

(only relevant items)
Closing stock as on date was valued at Rs. 3,00,000.
You are required to record the necessary journal entries and show how the above items will appear in the trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet of M/s. Bhola & Sons.
Answer:

Question 6.
Prepare trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet as on March 31,2011 :

Answer:

Question 7.
The following trial balance is extracted from the books of M/s. Ram on March 31,2011. You are required to prepare trading and Profit and Loss Account and the Balance Sheet as on date :

Answer:

Question 8.
The following is the trial balance of Manju Chawla on March 31, 2011. You are required to prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account and a Balance Sheet as on date :

Note: Students please note that there is a difference of Rs. 700 in debit side of trial balance, which should be shown on the Assets side of the Balance Sheet as ‘Suspense Account
Answer:

Question 9.
The following is the trial balance of Mr. Deepak as on March 31,2011. You are required to prepare trading account, profit and loss account and a balance sheet as on date :
Answer:

Question 10.
Prepare trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet from the following particulars as on March 31,2011.

Answer:

Question 11.
From the following trial balance of Mr. A. Lai, prepare trading, profit and loss account and balance sheet as on March 31, 2011 :

Answer:

Question 12.
Prepare trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet of M/s. Royal Traders from the following balances as on March 31,2011:

Answer:

Question 13.
Prepare trading and profit and loss account from the following particulars of M/s. Neema Traders on March 31,2011 :

Answer:

Question 14.
From the following balances of M/s. Nilu Sarees as on March 31, 2011 prepare trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet as on date :

Answer:

Question 15.
Prepare trading and profit and loss acount of M/s. Sports Equipments for the year ended March 31, 2011 and balance sheet as on that date :

Answer:

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