# MCQ Questions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 Atoms with Answers

Do you need help learning for your Class 12 Physics exam? Students may want to download NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 Atoms with Answers Pdf free download. This Atoms Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers can help understand the concepts score better in your Class 12 Physics Exam, so make sure you practice these! Check out chapter-wise MCQ Questions for Class 12 Physics with Answers.

## Atoms Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers

Solve this Atoms Multiple Choice Questions of Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 MCQ, so as not to miss out on any concept from being clear about what they mean!

I. Choose the correct answer

Question 1.
The simple Bohr model cannot be directly applied to calculate the energy levels of an atom with many electrons. This is because
(a) of the electrons not being subject to a central force.
(b) of the electrons colliding with each other
(c) of screening effects
(d) the force between the nucleus and an electron will no longer be given by Coulomb’s law.

Answer

Answer: (a) of the electrons not being subject to a central force.

Question 2.
A set of atoms in an excited state decay.
(a) in general, to any of the states with lower energy.
(b) into a lower state only when excited by an external electric field.
(c) all together simultaneously into a lower state.
(d) to emit photons only when they collide.

Answer

Answer: (a) in general, to any of the states with lower energy.

Question 3.
The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is -13.6 eV. The kinetic and potential energies of the electron in this state are
(a) -13.6 eV, 27.2 eV
(b) 13.6 eV,-13.6 eV
(c) 13.6 eV,-27.2 eV
(d) 27.2 eV,-27.2 eV

Answer

Answer: (c) 13.6 eV,-27.2 eV

Question 4.
If the series limit frequency of the Lyman series is vL, then the series limit frequency of the Pfund series is:
(a) 16 vL
(b) vL/16
(c) VL/25
(d) 25 vL

Answer

Answer: (c) VL/25

Question 5.
The ratio of kinetic energy to the total energy of an electron in a Bohr orbit of the hydrogen atom is
(a) 1 : 1
(b) 1 : -1
(c) 2 : -1
(d) 1 : -2

Answer

Answer: (b) 1 : -1

Question 6.
Ionisation energy for hydrogen atom in the ground state is E. What is the ionisation energy of Li++ atom in the 2nd excited state
(a) E
(b) 3E
(c) 6E
(d) 9E

Answer

Answer: (a) E

Question 7.
Hydrogen (H$$_{ 1 }^{1}$$), deuterium (H$$_{ 1 }^{2}$$), singly ionised helium (He$$_{ 2 }^{4}$$)+ and doubly ionised lithium (Li$$_{ 3 }^{6}$$)++ all have one electron around their nucleus. Consider an electron transition from n = 2 to n = 1 if the wavelengths of the emitted radiations are λ1, λ2, λ3 and λ4 respectively then approximately which of the following is correct?
(a) 4λ1 = 2λ2 = 2λ3 = λ4
(b) λ1 = 2λ2 = 2λ3 = λ4
(c) λ1 = λ2 = 4λ3 = 9λ4
(d) λ1 = 2λ2 = 3λ3 = 4λ4

Answer

Answer: (c) λ1 = λ2 = 4λ3 = 9λ4

Question 8.
As an electron makes a transition from an excited state to the ground state of a hydrogen like atom/ion:
(a) its kinetic energy increases but potential energy and total energy decrease
(b) kinetic energy, potential energy and total energy decrease
(c) kinetic energy decreases, potential energy increases but total energy remains the same
(d) kinetic energy and total energy decrease but potential energy increases

Answer

Answer: (a) its kinetic energy increases but potential energy and total energy decrease

Question 9.
An electron from various excited states of hydrogen atom emits radiation to come to the ground state. Let λn, λg be the de-Broglie wavelength of the electron in the nth state and the ground state respectively. Let ∧n be the wavelength of the emitted photon in the transition from the nth state to the ground state. For large n (A, B are constants)
(a) ∧n = A + Bλn
(b) ∧n = A + Bλ$$_{ n }^{2}$$
(c) ∧$$_{ n }^{2}$$ = X
(d) ∧n = A + $$\frac { B }{λ_n^2}$$

Answer

Answer: (d) ∧n = A + $$\frac { B }{λ_n^2}$$

II. Fill in the blanks

Question 1.
The a-scattering experiment was performed around 1911 by ……………… and ………………

Answer

Answer: Geiger, Marsden

Question 2.
One in ……………… α-particles retraced their path in the a scattering experiment.

Answer

Answer: 8000

Question 3.
The angle of scattering θ for zero value of impact parameter b is ………………

Answer

Answer: 180°

Question 4.
The scattering angle will decrease with the ……………… in impact parameter.

Answer

Answer: Increase

Question 5.
The smallest distance between the nucleus and the alpha particle for a head-on collision towards the nucleus is called the ………………

Answer

Answer: Distance of closest approach

Question 6.
The radius of an atom is about ……………… m and that of nucleus is ……………… m.

Answer

Answer: 10-10 and 10-15

Question 7.
The Rutherford’s model of an atom cannot explain the characteristics ……………… spectrum emitted by H-atom.

Answer

Answer: Line

Question 8.
When an electron jumps from an outer stationary orbit of energy E2 to an inner stationary orbit of energy E1 the frequency of radiation emitted = ………………

Answer

Answer: v = $$\frac { E_2 – E_1 }{h}$$

Question 9.
If the size of first orbit of hydrogen atom is 0.5 Å, the size of second orbit of hydrogen atom would be ………………

Answer

Answer: 2 Å

Question 10.
The frequency spectrum of radiation emitted as per Rutherford’s model of atom is ………………

Answer

Answer: Continuous

Question 11.
According to de Broglie a stationary orbit is that which contains an ……………… number of de-Broglie waves associated with the revolting electron.

Answer

Answer: integral

Question 12.
Energy possessed by an electron for (n → ∞)th orbit is ………………

Answer

Answer: Zero

Question 13.
The speed of an electron in the first orbit of hydrogen atoms is ………………

Answer

Answer: v = c/137n

Question 14.
The total energy of an electron in an orbit of hydrogen atom is ……………… of the kinetic energy.

Answer

Answer: Negative

Question 15.
The potential energy of the electron in an orbit of hydrogen atom is negative of ……………… the kinetic energy.

Answer

Answer: Twice

Question 16.
The ……………… energy is the energy required to excite an electron to a higher energy level.

Answer

Answer: Excitation

Question 17.
The ……………… energy is the energy required by an electron to set itself free.

Answer

Answer: Ionisation

Question 18.
Energy possessed by an electron in the ground state of hydrogen atom is ……………… eV.

Answer

Answer: -13.6

Question 19.
Total energy of electron in a stationary orbit is ……………… which means the electron is bound to the nucleus and is not free to leave it.

Answer

Answer: Negative

Question 20.
The value of Rydberg constant is ………………

Answer

Answer: 1.09 × 107 m-1

Question 21.
When an electron jumps from 2nd stationary orbit of hydrogen atom to 1st stationary orbit, the energy emitted is ………………

Answer

Answer: 10.2 eV

Question 22.
……………… series lies in the ultraviolet region.

Answer

Answer: Lyman

Question 23.
……………… of hydrogen spectrum which lies in the visible region electromagnetic spectrum.

Answer

Answer: Balmer series

This NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 Atoms with Answers Pdf free download has been put together to help students understand the CBSE Class 12 Physics Atoms MCQs Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Hope you found this helpful!

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