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Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers
Which of the following statements regarding Mahatma Gandhi is/are correct?
(i) He attended the Second Round Table Conference.
(ii) He opposed the demand for separate electorates for lower castes.
(iii) He returned to India in 1917 after two decades.
(iv) He acknowledged Lala Lajpat Rai as his political mentor.
Choose the correct option.
(a) Only ii
(b) ii and iv
(c) iii and iv
(d) i and ii
Answer: (d) i and ii
When did Mahatma Gandhi make his major public appearance?
Answer: (b) 1916
A series of ‘Praja Mandals’ was established to promote nationalist creed in
(a) Middle classes
(b) Princely states
(c) Merchant community
(d) All of the above
Answer: (b) Princely states
In which year was the First Round Table Conference held?
Answer: (c) 1930
Which of the following was the first mass movement against the British in India?
(a) Quit India Movement
(b) Khilafat Movement
(c) Civil Disobedience Movement
(d) Swadeshi Movement
Answer: (d) Swadeshi Movement
In which year did Mahatma Gandhi give a call for the Quit India movement?
Answer: (c) 1942
Who led the Khilafat Movement in India?
(a) Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali
(b) Mohammad Ali Jinnah and Shamsuddin Hussain
(c) Maulana Azad and Hasrat AAohini
(d) Qutubuddin Ahmad and Maulana Azad
Answer: (a) Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali
Who called for the ‘Direct Action Day’ hartal?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Mohammad Ali Jinnah
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
Answer: (b) Mohammad Ali Jinnah
In which year did the Muslim League pass a resolution for a separate nation Pakistan?
Answer: (a) 1940
Where was Gandhi’s Ashram located?
Answer: (d) Sabarmati
Explain one point of difference between the Civil disobedience Movement and the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Answer: In the Non-Cooperation Movement people were asked not to cooperate with the British government in any way. On the other hand, the Civil Disobedience Movement asked the people to break colonial laws and not to pay taxes to the government.
In which year did Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi return to his homeland?
Answer: In January 1915, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returned to his homeland.
The ________ was a movement of Indian Muslims, led by Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali.
Answer: Khilafat Movement
What does this picture depict?
Answer: In this picture within the tree of nationalism, Mahatma Gandhi is shown as the central figure surrounded by small pictures of other leaders and sages.
Nehru edited a collection of letters written to him during the national movement and published ________
Answer: A Bunch of Old Letters
Identify and name the personalities shown in the picture.
Answer: Personalities shown in the picture are Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, and Vallabh Bhai Patel.
Indicate which of the following statements is NOT correct.
(a) Quit India was genuinely a mass movement.
(b) The Simon Commission was opposed as it had all British members.
(c) In its session held in 1930 in Lahore, the Indian National Congress passed a resolution for the complete independence of India.
(d) On the 16th of August, 1946, the Muslim League called for a “Direct Action Day”.
Answer: (c) In its session held in 1930 in Lahore, the Indian National Congress passed a resolution for the complete independence of India.
Arrange the following events of the National Movement in chronological order:
1. Gandhi-Irwin Pact
2. Champaran Movement
3. Mahatma Gandhi visits Noakhali
4. Peasant Movement in Bardoli Choose the correct option:
(a) 1, 3, 4 and 2
(b) 2, 4, 1 and 3
(c) 1, 4, 3 and 2
(d) 4, 1, 2 and 3
Answer: (b) 2, 4, 1 and 3
Read the information given below:
|This Act authorised the Government to imprison any person without trial and convict him in court. It was considered as ‘Black Law’ by all Indians.|
Identify and name the Act passed by the British.
Match the following.
|(i) Jallianwala Massacre||(a) 1918|
|(ii) Peasant movement in Kheda||(b) April 1919|
|(iii) Second Round Table conference||(c) 1939|
|(iv) Second World War started||(d) 1931|
Choose the correct option.
(a) i – c, ii – d, iii – a, iv – b
(b) i – a, ii – b, iii – d, iv – c
(c) i – b, ii – a, iii – d, iv – c
(d) i – d, ii – a, iii – b, iv – c
Answer: (c) i – b, ii – a, iii – d, iv – c
Consider the follow g statements regarding the events of the National Movement.
(i) On 12 March 1930, Gandhiji began his march from Sabarmati Ashram towards Dandi.
(ii) In 1919, Gandhiji called for a countrywide campaign against the Rowlatt Act.
(iii) After the failure of the Cabinet Mission, Mahatma Gandhi decided to launch Quit India Movement.
Which of the following statement (s) is/are correct?
(a) I and II
(b) II and III
(c) I and III
(d) II only
Answer: (a) I and II
Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): We need to be careful while interpreting government reports of the colonial period.
Reason (R): They often reflect the fears and anxieties of officials who were unable to control a movement and were anxious about its spread.
(a) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is correct but (R) is not correct.
(d) (R) is correct but (A) is not correct.
Answer: (a) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
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