Do you need some help in preparing for your upcoming Class 12 Economics exams? We’ve compiled a list of MCQ on Poverty Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers to get you started with the subject. You can download NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics Chapter 4 Poverty with Answers Pdf free download, and learn how smart students prepare well ahead with MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics with Answers.
Poverty Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers
Choose the correct alternative.
The percentage of people living below the poverty line in 2011-12 was
Answer: (a) 21.9
In 2011-12, the highest poverty ratio exists in
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh
Answer: (a) Bihar
The poverty ratio is the lowest in
(a) Himachal Pradesh
Answer: (b) Kerala
Which organization collects data on poverty in India?
(a) Planning Commission
(d) Election Commission
Answer: (b) NSSO
Which of the following statements about absolute poverty is not correct?
(a) It focuses on biological needs.
(b) Levels of absolute poverty are very low in developed countries.
(c) Government policies can help in the elevation of absolute poverty.
(d) It compares the living standard of people.
Answer: (d) It compares the living standard of people.
Which of the following people are classified as churning poor?
(a) Who are always below the poverty line
(b) Who regularly move in and out of poverty
(c) Who generally remain above the poverty line but sometimes below it
(d) None of the above
Answer: (b) Who regularly move in and out of poverty
Fill in the blanks with the correct word.
Poverty is the inability to secure the _________ consumption requirements for life, health, and efficiency.
Absolute poverty determines the minimum physical quantities of the requirement for a subsistence level, with the help of _______
Answer: poverty line
______ and hunger are the key features of the poorest households.
‘Task Force on Projections of Minimum Needs and Effective Consumption Demand’ was formed in ________
________ includes those who are usually poor but who may sometimes have relatively more money.
Answer: Chronic poor
________ is the proportion of persons living below the poverty line.
Answer: HeadCount Ratio
Amartya Sen, noted Nobel Laureate, has developed an index known as ___________
Answer: Sen Index
The proportion of poor to the population in India was ________ percent in 2011-12.
Under the British, India began to export foodgrains and, as a result, as many as _______ people died in famines between 1875 and 1900.
Answer: 26 million
There exists a direct relationship between _______ and poverty.
State whether the following statements are True or False.
More than one-fifth of the worlds poor live in India.
Absolute poverty refers to a lack of resources in relation to different classes, regions, and countries.
Transient poor covers those people who are rich most of the time but may sometimes suffer bad luck.
Britain’s main goals from the Raj were to provide a market for British exports.
The poverty ratio estimates the minimum level of income that is considered appropriate to secure basic necessities of life.
The government of India adopted a three-dimensional approach as an attempt to reduce poverty.
National Food for Work Programme aims at improving the food and nutritional status of the poor.
Match the alternatives given in Column II with respective terms in Column I.
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) Chronic poor||(a) Lack of infrastructural facilities|
|(ii) Churning poor||(b) September 2001|
|(iii) Social cause of poverty||(c) Move in and out of poverty regularly|
|(iv) Economic causes of poverty||(d) Measured in monetary terms|
|(v) Launch of National Food for Work Programme||(e) Always or usually poor|
|(vi) Formation of Task Force on Projections of Minimum Needs and Effective Consumption Demand||(f) Measured with respect to various classes, regions and countries|
|(vii) Absolute Poverty||(g) November 2004|
|(viii) Relative Poverty||(h) December 2001|
|(ix) Launch of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana||(i) Rapid growth of population|
|(x) Launch of Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana||(j) 1979|
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) Chronic poor||(e) Always or usually poor|
|(ii) Churning poor||(c) Move in and out of poverty regularly|
|(iii) Social cause of poverty||(i) Rapid growth of population|
|(iv) Economic causes of poverty||(a) Lack of infrastructural facilities|
|(v) Launch of National Food for Work Programme||(g) November 2004|
|(vi) Formation of Task Force on Projections of Minimum Needs and Effective Consumption Demand||(j) 1979|
|(vii) Absolute Poverty||(d) Measured in monetary terms|
|(viii) Relative Poverty||(f) Measured with respect to various classes, regions and countries|
|(ix) Launch of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana||(b) September 2001|
|(x) Launch of Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana||(h) December 2001|
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