Do you need some help in preparing for your upcoming Class 12 Economics exams? We’ve compiled a list of MCQ on Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers to get you started with the subject. You can download NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics Chapter 1 Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence with Answers Pdf free downloa, and learn how smart students prepare well ahead with MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics with Answers.
Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence Class 12 MCQs Questions with Answers
Choose the correct alternative.
In the history of demographic transition, which year is regarded as the year of the great divide?
Answer: (c) 1921
When were the railways Introduced in India?
Answer: (c) 1850
The first census data was collected during British rule.
Answer: (b) 1881
At the time of independence, most of the land was owned by _________
(d) all of these
Answer: (b) zamindars
What was the life expectancy in India during the British rule?
Answer: (d) 44
During colonial period India’s demographic profile showed ________
(a) high birth rate
(b) low death rate
(c) low infant mortality rate
(d) high literacy rate
Answer: (a) high birth rate
Indian economy on the eve of Independence was ________
Answer: (a) underdeveloped
Suez Canal was opened for transport in _________
Answer: (c) 1869
Who made significant estimates about calculating national income in India during the British period?
(a) V.K.R.V. Rao
(b) Dadabhai Naoroji
(c) Findlay Shirras
(d) William Digby
Answer: (a) V.K.R.V. Rao
Fill in the blanks with the correct word.
The country’s growth of aggregate real output was less than _____ during the first half of the twentieth century.
Answer: two percent
The Indian economy was a/an _______ economy at the time of Independence.
_______ of agriculture increased the burden of revenue on farmers.
The distribution of the working population in different sectors of the economy offers a glimpse of ______ structure.
The second stage of demographic transition began after ________ in India.
Indian economy served as a source of ______ for the British industry and a market for its finished goods.
Answer: raw material
_______ were developed by the British Raj as a means to enlarge the size of the market for the British goods.
The British introduced the railways in India in __________
The ________ sector accounted for only 17.2 percent of the working population on the eve of Independence.
India’s first official census was undertaken in _________
State whether the following statements are True or False.
India was a prosperous and wealthy economy prior to the advent of British rule.
The colonial rule destroyed India’s traditional handicraft industry.
The economic policies pursued by the colonial government in India were concerned more with the protection and promotion of the economic interests of India.
India was reduced to an importer of primary products.
The contribution of the new industrial sector to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expanded significantly during the British rule.
The aim of developing postal and telegraph was to enhance the efficiency of the British administration.
Match the alternatives given in Column II with respective terms in Column I.
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) The year of the Great Divide||(a) 1850|
|(ii) British introduced railways in India||(b) 1912|
|(iii) Overall literacy on the eve of Independence||(c) 1869|
|(iv) Female literacy on the eve of Independence||(d) 16 percent|
|(v) TISCO plant began production||(e) 7 percent|
|(vi) The Suez Canal opened||(f) 1921|
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) The year of the Great Divide||(f) 1921|
|(ii) British introduced railways in India||(a) 1850|
|(iii) Overall literacy on the eve of Independence||(d) 16 percent|
|(iv) Female literacy on the eve of Independence||(e) 7 percent|
|(v) TISCO plant began production||(b) 1912|
|(vi) The Suez Canal opened||(c) 1869|
We hope you found this CBSE Class 12 Economics Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence MCQs Multiple Choice Questions with Answers helpful. If you have any questions about NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics Chapter 1 Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence with Answers Pdf free download, please share them in the comment box below and we will get back to you at the earliest possible time.