# MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy with Answers

If you’re looking for a way to enhance your Class 10 Geography, then look no further than the NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy with Answers. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers is perfect for those who are in class 10 and want to get ahead of everyone else by mastering their subject skills as soon as possible! You can practice and test your subject knowledge by solving this MCQ of Chapter 7 Geography Objective Questions.

## Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers

Solving Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 7 MCQ, can be of great help to students as they will be aware of all the concepts. These MCQ on Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 with Answers pave for a quick revision, thereby helping you learn more about this subject.

Question 1.
Narrow Gauge has a width of:
(а) 0.662 and 0.610
(b) 0.552 and 0.510
(c) 0.762 and 0.610
(d) 0.452 and 0.510

It is from 0.762 and 0.610.

Question 2.
The Indian Railway is now reorganised into:
(a) 14 zones
(b) 15 zones
(c) 16 zones
(d) 17 zones

The Indian Railways is now reorganised into 16 zones.

Question 3.
Which of the following is a factor in influencing the distribution pattern of the Railway network in the country.
(а) Physiography
(b) Economic
(d) All the above

It has been influenced by all the above factors.

Question 4.
Solids can also be transported through a pipeline when converted into:
(а) Liquid
(b) Gas
(c) Slurry
(d) None of the above

In slurry form solids can also be transported through a pipeline.

Question 5.
The Gas pipeline from Hazira in Gujarat connects Jagdishpur in Uttar Pradesh, via Vijaipur in:
(a) Bihar
(b) Orissa

Question 6.
India has inland navigation waterways of …………………………… km in length.
(a) 14,500
(b) 15,500
(c) 16,500
(d) 17,500

It has 14,500 km in length navigable waterways.

Question 7.
95 percent of the country’s trade volume is moved by:
(a) Air
(b) Planes
(c) Ships
(d) Sea

It is moved by sea.

Question 8.
The first port developed to ease the volume of trade on the Mumbai port:
(а) Jawaharlal Nehru Port
(b) Haldia port
(c) Mumbai port
(d) Kandla

It was Kandla port.

Question 9.
New Mangalore port in Karnataka eaters to the export of iron ore concentrates from which of following mines:
(a) Balaghat
(b) Kudremukh
(c) Kolapur
(d) none of the above

From Kudremukh mines.

Question 10.
Chennai is one of the oldest …………………. ports of the country.
(a) Natural
(b) Artificial
(c) Smallest
(d) Biggest

Chennai is one of the oldest artificial ports of the country.

Question 11.
Paradwip port located in Orissa, specialises in the export of:
(a) Copper
(b) Bauxite
(c) Iron ore
(d) All the above

It specialises in the export of iron ore.

Question 12.
Haldia port was developed as a subsidiary port, to relieve growing pressure on which of the following ports:
(a) Kolkata
(b) Kandla
(c) Mumbai
(d) Tuticorin

On the Kolkata port.

Question 13.
In which of the given years was air transport nationalised:
(a) 1943
(b) 1953
(c) 1963
(d) 1973

Air Transport was nationalised in 1953.

Question 14.
The total number of telephone exchanges in India are:
(a) 37,565
(b) 36,565
(c) 35,565
(d) 34,565

There are 37,565 telephone exchanges spread all over the country.

Question 15.
When the value of imports exceeds the value of exports, it is termed as:
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above

It is termed as unfavourable balance of trade because imports are more than the exports.

Question 16.
The number of foreign tourists visiting India every year are:
(a) 2.2 million
(b) 2.4 million
(c) 2.6 million
(d) 2.8 million

About 2.6 million foreign tourists visit India every year.

Question 17.
(а) Are efficient at industry making
(b) Are efficient in manufacturing goods
(c) Facilitate movement and availability of products to the consumers
(d) None of the above

Answer: (c) Facilitate movement and availability of products to the consumers
Traders are those people who facilitate movement and availability of products to the consumers.

Question 18.
Today, the world has been converted into a:
(а) Village with the help of efficient and fast transport
(b) City with the help of efficient trading
(c) Country with the help of efficient transport
(d) None of the above

Answer: (а) Village with the help of efficient and fast transport
Today the world has been converted into a village with the help of efficient and fast transport.

Question 19.
(a) Foreign currency
(c) Vitality of the economy
(d) None of the above

Answer: (c) Vitality of the economy
The trades from local to international levels have added to the vitality of the economy.

Question 20.
India at present has one of the largest road networks in the world, aggregating to about:
(а) 2.4 million km
(b) 2.3 million km
(c) 2.2 million km
(d) 2.1 million km

It is at present 2.3 million km.

Question 21.
What is the historical Sher Shah Suri Marg called:
(a) National Highway No. 1
(b) National Highway No. 2
(c) National Highway No. 2
(d) none of the above

Answer: (a) National Highway No. 1
It is called National Highway No. 1.

Question 22.
Which is the longest National Highway:
(a) National Highway No. 1
(b) National Highway No. 5
(c) National Highway No. 6
(d) National Highway No. 7

Answer: (d) National Highway No. 7
National Highway 7 is the longest. It traverses 2,369 km between Varanasi and Kanyakumari.

Question 23.
(a) National Highway
(b) City Highway
(c) State Highway
(d) District Highway

These are known as State Highways.

Question 24.
Who among the following maintain the district roads:
(b) MCD
(c) Village Panchayat
(d) none of the above

Question 25.
On which of the following base are roads classified:
(b) Long and short
(c) Type of material used for their construction
(d) None of the above

Answer: (c) Type of material used for their construction
Roads are classified on the basis of the type of material used for their construction.

Question 26.
(a) Only cement
(b) Only metals
(c) Of cement or concrete
(d) Of cement or concrete or even bitumen of coal

Answer: (d) Of cement or concrete or even bitumen of coal
Metalled roads may be made of cement or concrete or even bitumen of coal.

Question 27.
What is length of road per sq. km of area known as:
(d) None of the above

It is known as density of roads.

Question 28.
Density of all roads varies from 10 km in Jammu and Kashmir to ………………………….. km in Kerala.
(a) 365
(b) 375
(c) 385
(d) 395

It varies from 10 km in J&K to 375 km in Kerala.

Question 29.
In India railways are the principal mode of transportation for:
(a) Passengers
(b) Freight
(c) Freight and passengers
(d) None of the above

For both freight and passengers in India.

Question 30.
The Indian Railways have been a great integrating force for more than:
(a) 100 years
(b) 150 years
(c) 200 years
(d) 250 years

For more than 150 years.

Question 31.
The first train steamed off from Mumbai to Thane in 1853, covered a distance of ………………………… km:
(a) 30
(b) 32
(c) 34
(d) 36

The first train covered a distance of 34 km.

Question 32.
Broad Gauge has a width of:
(a) 1.676 m
(b) 1.576 m
(c) 1.476 m
(d) 1.376 m

It is 1.676 m.

Write true (T) or false (F)

1. With the development in science and technology, the area of influence of trade and transport expanded far and wide.

2. India has one of the largest road networks in the world, aggregating to about 3.3 million km at present.

3. All the highway projects are being implemented by the NHAI.

4. National Highways link extreme parts of the country.

5. A number of major National Highways run in North-South and West- directions.

6. The historical Sher Shah Suri Marg is called National Highway No. 2. between Delhi and Amritsar.

8. Border roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain and have helped in the economic development of the areas.

9. Unmetalled roads do not go out of use in the rainy season.

10. Distribution of road is uniform in the country.

11. The roadways are highly congested in cities and most of the bridges and culverts are old and narrow.

12. The Indian Railways have been a great integrating force for more than 150 years.

13. The Indian railways is the largest private sector undertaking in the country.

14. Today the railways have become more important in our national economy than all other means of transport put together.

15. Solids cannot be transported through a pipeline.

16. Gas pipeline from Hazira in Gujarat connects Jagdishpur in Uttar Pradesh.

17. Waterways are most suitable for carrying light goods.

18. The Ganga river between Allahabad and Haldia (1620 km) – N.W No. 2

19. With a long coastline of 7,516.6 km, India is dotted with 12 major and 181 medium and minor ports.

20. Mumbai is the second largest port with a spacious natural and well-sheltered harbour.

21. Marmagao port is the premier bauxite ore exporting port of the country.

22. Kochchi is the extreme south-western port, located at the entrance of a lagoon with a natural harbour.

23. Air transport can cover very difficult terrains like high mountains, dense forests etc.

24. Air transport, now-a-days, is within the reach of the common people.

25. There is a uniform rate of STD facilities all over India.

26. India publishes a large number of newspapers and periodicals weekly.

27. Newspapers are published in about 100 languages and dialects.

28. The exchange of goods among people, states and countries is referred to as trade.

29. Tourism in India has grown substantially over the last three decades.

30. More than 20 million people are directly engaged in the tourism industry.

Match the following

1.

 Column-I Column-II Column-III 1. Pipelines rules out trans (а) tidal A. or delays 2. India was one of the (b) access B. countries 3. Kandla is a (c) artificial C. easier 4. Chennai is an (d) shipment losses D. port 5. Air travel has made (e) seafaring E. port

 Column-I Column-II Column-III 1. Pipelines rules out trans (d) shipment losses A. or delays 2. India was one of the (e) seafaring B. countries 3. Kandla is a (а) tidal E. port 4. Chennai is an (c) artificial D. port 5. Air travel has made (b) access C. easier

2.

 Column-A Column-B 1. Broad Gauge (a) 0.762 and 0.610 2. Metre Gauge (b) 7817 3. Narrow Gauge (c) 5321 4. Locomotives (d) 1.676 m 5. Passenger service vehicles (e) 1.000 m

 Column-A Column-B 1. Broad Gauge (d) 1.676 m 2. Metre Gauge (e) 1.000 m 3. Narrow Gauge (a) 0.762 and 0.610 4. Locomotives (b) 7817 5. Passenger service vehicles (c) 5321

Fill in the blanks

1. ……………………… also make it possible to conduct multifarious activities like business, sight-seeing, etc.

2. Today, the railways have become more important in our national ……………………… than all other means of transport put together.

3. Initial cost of laying ……………………… is high but subsequent running costs are minimal.

4. ……………………… is a fuel-efficient and environment friendly mode of transport.

5. India has a long coastline of ……………………… km.

6. The ……………………… port was planned with a view to decongest the Mumbai port and serve as a hub port.

7. Kochchi in the extreme south western port, located at the entrance of a ……………………… with a natural harbour.

8. ……………………… port has a natural harbour and rich hinterland.

9. Kolkata is an inland ……………………… port.

10. The ……………………… transport was nationalised in 1953.

11. ……………………… communication provides entertainment and creates awareness among people about various national programmes and policies.

12. India publishes a large number of newspapers and ……………………… annually.

13. The largest number of newspapers published in the country are in Hindi, followed by English and ………………………

14. When the value of export exceeds the value of imports, it is called a ……………………… balance of trade.

15. ……………………… in India has grown substantially over the last three decades.