Critical Analysis of Brotherhood By Octavio Paz West Bengal Board Class 11 English

Critical Analysis of Brotherhood By Octavio Paz West Bengal Board Class 11 English

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Critical Analysis of Brotherhood By Octavio Paz

About the Poet

Octavio Paz Lozano, born on March 31, 1914, was a Mexican poet and diplomat. Because of his assemblage of labour, he was granted the 1981 Miguel de Cervantes Prize, the 1982 Neustadt International Prize for Literature, and therefore the 1990 Nobel prize in Literature.

On March thirty-one, 1914, Octavio Paz was brought into the planet on the brink of the Mexican capital. His family was a conspicuous political family in the United Mexican States, with Spanish and endemic Mexican roots. His begetter had been a colleague to Emiliano Zapata.

The family veteran fund ruin when the revolution and therefore the outcast of revolutionist allies (known as Zapatistas). before obtaining back to the United Mexican States.

The family veteran fund ruin when the revolution and therefore the outcast of revolutionist allies (known as Zapatistas). before obtaining back to the United Mexican States.

As a teen in 1931, Paz distributed his initial sonnets, as well as “Caballero”. When 2 years, at nineteen years previous, he distributed Luna Silvestre (“Wild Moon”), an associate assortment of sonnets. In 1932, with sure companions, he supported his initial abstract audit, Barandal. For some of the years,

Paz thought-about law and writing at the National University of United Mexican States. Throughout this point, he got comfy with liberal artists, as an example, Reyes. In1936, Paz relinquished his law studies and left the Mexican capital for the peninsula to figure at a faculty in the urban centre.

In New Delhi, as Ambassador of United Mexican States to the Asian country, Paz finished numerous works, alongside El mono gramático (The Monkey Grammarian) and Ladera Este (Eastern Slope).

Though in the Asian country, he met fluctuated authors of a gaggle called the Hungry Generation and impacted them.

In 1965, he wedded Marie-José Tramini, a French young lady WHO might be his significant other for a mind-blowing rest.

In Oct 1968, he left the conciliatory corps in dissent of the Mexican government’s slaughter of understudy demonstrators in Tlatelolco.

Subsequent to remaining in Paris for shelter, he returned to the United Mexican States in 1969. He based his magazine Plural (1970–1976) with a gaggle of liberal Mexican and occupant authors. From 1969 to 1970 he was El Libertador scholarly at college.

He was moreover a meeting teacher all through the last part of the Sixties and furthermore the A. D. White Professor-everywhere from 1972 to 1974 at college. In 1974 he addressed at Harvard as Charles Eliot Norton Lecturer. His book Los Hijos del vehicle (“Children of the Mire”) was the consequences of those talks.

Some of his notable works are:
1933: Luna silvestre
1936: No pasarán!
1937: Raíz del hombre
1937: Bajo tu clara sombra y otros poemas sobre España
952: Anthologie de la poésie mexicaine, edition and introduction by Octavio Paz
1958: Anthology of Mexican Poetry, edition and introduction by Octavio Paz; translated by Samuel Beckett
1957: Sendas de Oku, by Matsuo Bashō, translated in collaboration with Eikichi Hayashiya
Octavio Paz dies on April 19, 1998. His works are remarkable and very inspiring.About the Poem

About the Poem

The title of Paz’s sonnet comprises of a word specifically ‘Fellowship’, which means a natural and agreeable connection between two substances or among various elements. Along these lines, the title word stimulates our interest on the names of the elements, the personality of this fellowship and hence the effect of this relationship upon their reality.

Considering these inquiries, the peruser unavoidably dives into the sonnet so as to know their answers. The poet thoroughly considers the state of man on earth. His life is extremely short in correlation with the inconceivability of the dim demise.

And, he knows well that his end will come soon. However, as an imaginative essayist, he will be recalled through his works. Toward the start of the poem, Brotherhood is a reflection on the undeniable insignificance of individuals in this huge Universe. But later on, he appreciates that the sentiment of insignificance is imperfect.

Background of the Poem

“Brotherhood”, the popular poem by Octavio Paz is about the special and irrefutable relationship that naturally ties everything of this Universe. This servitude is made and overseen by a predominant vast power in this geocentric world framework.

This poem, as can be promptly understood, is dependent on existentialism. It has been composed as reverence to Claudius Ptolemy, who was a Greco-Egyptian author of Alexandria.

The initial line portrays how an individual pales into irrelevance as a simple being in this immense universe. And At the point when this simple being gazes toward the sky, he can peruse the motivation and information that stars can compose.

Structure of the Poem

I am a man: little do I last
and the night is enormous.
But I look up:
the stars write.

Unknowing I understand:
I too am written,
and at this very moment
someone spells me out.

The poem has been written in free verse and as such, this is a part of modern poetry. It’s a poem of eight lines rich in lyricism.

Some of the poetic devices are


The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of connected words is called alliteration.

someone spells (line 8)
and at (line 7)

The theme of the Poem

Brotherhood versifies Paz’s conviction that verse gives individuals a unique personality and it is other than the organic one. And As a ‘man’, the artist is basically a non-substance in this interminable universe. Normally the tremendousness of night adds to his despondency.

The poet expresses a feeling where he realises a human being’s life is simple and counted in front of the enormity of the night and universe and the only way to live forever is through one’s eternal work like writing poetry or doing something unique.

Line by line analysis of the Poem

Stanza 1
The poem starts with ‘I’ which alludes to the artist Octavio Paz himself. He says that he is an individual. He realizes that human life is exceptionally short and transient and just like other human beings, his life on this planet is counted too.

However, at some point in his life, he realises that life after death is ceaseless. At that point, we go into the interminable dimness. However, he isn’t dismal. He gazes upward at the composition of the stars written in light on the sky. They give the message of light and hope.

Stanza 2
In the last few lines, we find the poem goes through an impactful realisation. He as a writer can stay alive in his works now and forever. He proclaims with solid certainty that somebody is there to comprehend him well and to clarify him effectively.

At last, he picks up confidence in the presence of the Almighty. He had all his limitations but he will enjoy perfect kinship with God who spells all out. He knows about the desired of a man and knows that at the end of the day he will be getting what he wants and this belief has turned him optimistic.

Word Meanings

  • Enormous – Very Large.
  • Moment – A brief period of time.
  • Spells – Write.

Questions And Answers

What kind of poem is brotherhood?

The “Brotherhood” is a popular poem written by Octavio Paz. The poem is based on the society. The poem speaks about an undeniable and unique relationship which organically binds with the Universe.

What does brotherhood mean in brotherhood?

The poem “Brotherhood’ becomes the search for rhythmic correspondences in the universe where every part is related to each other in an everlasting bond. Here comes the idea of brotherhood. Human existence amid the great universe is finite and very negligible.

What does the title of the poem Brotherhood suggest?

“Brotherhood”, the popular poem by Octavio Paz is about the unique and undeniable relationship that organically binds everything of this Universe. This bondage is created and managed by a superior cosmic force in this geocentric world system.

How does Octavio Paz justify translation?

Octavio Paz asserts that language is, above all, translation (translation and literature are synonyms).

Who is the speaker in the poem Brotherhood?

Detavio Paz Lozano was a Mexican writer of great renown from the twentieth century. The full name of the poet of the poem ‘Brotherhood’ is Detavio Paz Lozano. In the poem ‘Brotherhood ‘ the speaker conducts an inquiry upon the insignificance of man as compared to the vastness of the universe.

The night is enormous means, here, the poet thinks as a negative or a dangerous time in his life, here the poet is being helpless and fears.

What is the final realization of the poet in brotherhood?

The poet also conveys the truth that human knowledge regarding the world around us is very little. Thus, the poem highlights the realisation that the universe is so great in comparison to human existence on earth.


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