CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 5
These Sample Papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 5
Time allowed : 3 hours
Maximum Marks : 80
- The question paper has 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Marks are indicated against each question.
- Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are Very Short Answer Type Questions. Each questions carries one mark.
- Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
- Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B). 26(A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attach the map inside your answer book.
- There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in some questions. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such-questions.
What is meant by das volk ?
Who were called ‘Colons’ in Vietnam ?
What are almanacs ?
What was the thematic pattern of the novels written by Joseph Conrad ?
Name the highest quality of hard coal.
What does the term majoritarianism signify ?
What is a debt-trap ?
Mr. Thompson is the head of an MNC located in Germany and wants to invest in India. What are the different channels that are available for his company for this purpose ?
Rahul goes to a cinema theatre with his family in Dehradun. What safety rules should be observed by the theater authorities ?
Enumerate any three features of conservative regimes set-up in Europe following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815.
What were the drawbacks of the development programmes undertaken by the French in Vietnam ?
What were the effects of the spread of print culture on poor people in nineteenth century India ?
Explain any three features of the early Bengali novels.
Describe how modern adaptations of traditional rainwater harvesting methods are being carried out to conserve and store water.
Vijay lives in Assam and wants to grow a beverage crop in his state. Name one important beverage crop that he shall grow in his farms and also specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.
‘Federal system has two or more sets of government’. Justify the statement.
Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.
Mention three ways through which democracy can be improved in practical form.
Neha presented Human Development Report in her class. While Pooja presented World Development Report in the same class. Pooja and Neha both talked about the development in their class but the class teacher appreciated Neha. Analyse the difference in Neha’s and Pooja’s report.
Anita is a small farmer and grows groundnut in her small farm. She takes a loan from the money lender to meet the expenses of cultivation, hoping that her harvest would help repay the loan. Midway through the season the crop is hit by pests and the crop fails. She is unable to repay the moneylender and the debt grows over the year into a huge amount. What are the reasons that make Anita’s situation so risky ?
On account of globalisation, what are the three ways by which countries can be connected ?
By what means can the consumers express their solidarity ?
The Spanish conquest and colonization of America was decisively underway by the mid-sixteenth century’. Explain with example.
How had a series of inventions in the eighteenth century increased the efficacy of each step of the production process in cotton textile industry Explain.
Crime became an object of widespread concern in London. Comment and state what steps were taken to control it.
Describe the cultural process through which nationalism in India captured people’s imagination.
Mention the features of the Gudem Hills rebellion ? What methods were adopted by the tribals to gain swaraj ?
Explain some major features of Indian agriculture.
Define mineral based industries with examples.
Describe any five major problems faced by road transport in India.
“Caste system is very much inherent in politics.” Justify.
Why can modern democracies not exist without political parties ? Explain.
Examine any three advantages and two disadvantages of two-party system.
Priya works as a clerk in a commercial bank and gets all the benefits from her office. Name the sector in which she is working and also the advantages and benefits for workers in this sector of economy.
Ramlal is a farmer in Kanpur. Salim is a technician in leather processing factory and Sheetal is a sales executive in a showroom in Delhi. Do you think the works and sectors of Ramlal, Salim and Sheetal are integrated. Explain with five suitable examples.
(A) Two features (a) and (b) are marked on the given political outline map of India.
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked near them.
(a) The place where Mahatma Gandhi broke the salt law.
(b) A place where Congress Session was held in December 1920.
(B) Locate and label the following with appropriate symbols on the same given outline map of India.
(i) Hirakund dam
(ii) Nellore (Mica Mines)
(iii) Largest producer of Jute (Mark the State)
Das volk is a German word which refers to common people.
The French citizens who lived in Vietnam were known as ‘Colons’.
An almanac was an annual publication giving astronomical data, information about the movement of the sun and the moon, timing of full tides and eclipse, etc.
Joseph Conrad wrote novels which showed the darker side of colonial occupation.
Anthracite is the highest quality of hard coal.
The term majoritarianism signifies the belief that a majority community should be able to rule a country in whichever way it wants.
A debt-trap is a situation when it becomes impossible and difficult to repay the loan typically because high interest payments prevent repayment of the principal.
Mr. Thompson and his company can invest in India through foreign investment routes like Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Foreign Institutional Investment (FII).
Adequate numbers of fire extinguishers should be installed in the premises to save the people in case of any mishappening.
The features of the conservative regimes set up in Europe after the defeat of Napolean in 1915 are:
- They were intolerant to criticism.
- They sought to curb activities that questioned the legitimacy of autocratic government.
- Imposed censorship law to control what was expressed freely in newspapers, books, plays and songs. The idea of liberty and freedom associated with the French Revolution were becoming popular but they were strictly condemned.
Following were the drawbacks of the developmental programmes undertaken by the French in Vietnam:
- No steps were taken by the French to industrialise Vietnam.
- Life of the indentured workers was miserable. Also land reforms did not create sufficient employment.
- Education was limited to upper class people only.
The effects of the spread of print culture on poor people in nineteenth century India were as follows:
- The poor people benefited from the spread of print culture in India with the easy availability of low-priced books and public libraries.
- Enlightening essays were written against caste discrimination and its inherent social injustices. These essays were read by people across the country.
- On the encouragement and support of social reformers, overworked factory workers set-up libraries for self-education. Some of them even published their own works, for example, Kashibaba and his Chhote Aur Bade Ka Sawal.
Following were the feature of the early Bengali novels :
- The early Bengali novels in the 19th century can be divided into two groups—the novels based on historical events and domestic novels which dealt with social problems and romantic relationship between men and women.
- The people use to collect at a convenient place to read, discuss and judge literary works. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay read his novel Durgesh Nandini in such a group. The novel was full of twists and turns.
- Novels were also enjoyed for its language. Prose writter by Bankim Chandra was sanskritised but novels were also written in colloquial language in Meyeli which was a women’s language.
The following points show how modern adaptations of traditional rainwater harvesting methods are being carried out to conserve and store water :
- In arid and semi-arid regions of Rajasthan rooftop rainwater harvesting is carried out to store drinking water. While in hills and mountainous regions, people build diversion channels like guls or kuls for agriculture.
- Inundation channels are developed by the people in Bengal to irrigate their fields, while agricultural fields have been converted into rain-fed storage structures that allowed water to stand and moisten the field like khadins in Jaisalmer and Johads in other parts of Rajasthan.
- In Meghalaya, a 200-year-old system of tapping stream and spring water by bamboo pipes is common, which is very useful in conserving and storing water.
Since Vijay lives in Assam, he shall cultivate tea in his farms. Tea is an important beverage of north-eastern India.
The geographical conditions required for its growth are :
- The tea plants grow in tropical and sub-tropical climates in deep fertile and well drained soil.
- The soil should be rich in humus and organic matter. Frequent showers, evenly distributed over the year, help in the growth of lateral leaves.
As federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between the union and provinces. Usually it has two levels of government.
- One is the government for the entire country called central or union government which looks after the subjects of national importance.
- The other government is at the level of provinces or states that looks after the matters of state importance. Both the governments enjoy their respective powers independently.
- In India a third tier of federalism was added as local government in the form of panchayats and municipalities or provincial governments.
Three factors that determine the outcome of politics of social divisions are as follows :
- The way people perceive their identities : Social divisions may take place, if people demand a special recognition to their identities. If people see their identities in singular terms, it becomes very difficult to accommodate and avoid social divisions.
- Leadership provided by political leaders : The way political leaders react to the situations, the role played by political leaders and the leadership provided by them play an important role in creating or filling social divisions.
- The reaction of the government to demands of different groups : If the government gives equal representation and equal share of power to all the major and minor group in the society, the chances of social divisions are minimized. If the government tries to suppress a demand, it could create unrest, thereby paving the way for social divisions.
Democracy can be improved in practical form through the following ways :
- Through legal-constitutional changes : These can bring about positive changes but sometimes their result can be counter-productive. Extra care should be taken while implementing these changes.
- Through political parties : Democratic reforms are to be brought principally through political parties. The most important concern should be to increase and improve the quality of political participation by ordinary citizens.
- Through decentralisation of power : Democratic set-up is successful when even the have-nots have their say in the system. This increases their faith in democracy. Panchayati Raj has strengthened our democracy a lot.
The Human Development Report (HDR) is different from World Development Report (WDR) as the HDR emphasises on the overall development and quality of life of people. The WDR stresses on the rise of per capita income and the growth of economy as an indicator of development.
Human Development Report
- This notion of development implies good and quality life.
- Its parameters are good education healthy life and basic facilities.
- It includes literacy rate, life expec tancy, infant mortality rate, etc., to determine the status of development of a particular area, region or country.
World Development Report
- It stresses on rise in per capita income and growth in the economy.
- It takes into account quantitative aspect of development.
- It includes GDP, national income and per capita income to identify the status of development.
In the above stated situation Anita has fallen into the debt-trap.
The reasons that make Anita’s situation risky are :
- Failure of crop due to which she was unable to repay the loan at the first step.
- Moneylenders charged high interest rates due to which the repayment was further difficult.
- Unavailability of any formal credit facilities force her to borrow from the moneylender.
On account of globalisation, the countries can be connected through :
- Movement of people : Movement of people between the countries in search of better education, better jobs, better incomes, etc.
- Movement of goods : Movement of goods and services between the countries by way of exports or imports.
- Movement of Investment: Movement of investment and technology between the countries.
The consumers can express their solidarity by :
- Organising themselves into consumer groups for protecting their rights.
- Launching consumer movements.
- Taking their complaints to their association or consumer forum and rejecting the use of commodities, produced by certain organisation.
The Spanish conquest and Colonisation of America was decisively underway by the mid-sixteenth century because of the following reasons :
- Spanish explored and conquered vast territories ranging from North Carolina on the East coast of America to Alaska on the north-west tip of the subcontinent, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Alabana.
- The European conquest was not due to the result of superior firepowers. The most powerful weapon of the Spanish conquerors was not due to the conventional military weapon but the germs of the disease such as small pox which was spread into the region.
- America’s original inhabitants had no immunity against these diseases that came from Europe.
- Small pox proved to be a deadly killer, once introduced, it spread into the interior of the continent, even before the Europeans could reach there, it killed and decimated the people, paving the way for the colonisation.
- Thus, it erased whole communities, leading to their colonisation. So, this biological warfare in mid-sixteen century made it easy for Spanish to win over the Americans.
A series of inventions in the 18th century increased the efficacy of each step of the production process in cotton textile industry in the ahead ways :
- Each step include the process of carding, twisting, spinning and rolling. These techniques enhanced the output per worker, enabling each worker to produce more stronger threads and yarn.
- Richard Arkwright created the cotton mill which enable him to set up new machines in the mill in such a way so that all the processes were brought together under our roof. Before this, cloth production was carried out within village households.
- Spinning jenny devise by James Hargreaves in 1764, speeded up the spinning process and reduced demand for labour. By turning one single wheel, a worker could set in motion a number of spindles and could spin several threads at a time.
- The steam engine, invented by James Watt in 1781, was used in cotton mills.
- Factories came up in large numbers and by 1840, cotton textile became the leading sector in industrialisation. The expansion of railways also helped in the production of textile goods.
London was a colossal city by 1750 with a bursting population. By 1880 the population was about 4 million. Crime flourished as London grew. It is reported that there were 20,000 criminals living in London in 1870s. The police were worried about the law and order, the philanthropists were concerned about public morality and industrialists wanted a hard-working and orderly labour force.
The following steps were taken to control crime :
- Population of the criminals was counted, their activities were watched and their way of life was investigated.
- Authorities imposed high penalties for crime and offered work to those who were considered the ‘deserving poor.’
- Compulsory Elementary Education Act was passed so that children can go to school rather than involve in crime or work in underpaid factories.
- The need for housing for the poor was recognised to stop the poor from turning rebellious.
The sense of collective belongingness among the Indians came from a united struggle of the people against the Britishers under whom they suffered oppression, suppression and cruelty. A variety of other cultural processes that helped in building the sense of collective belongings are as follows :
- Personification of Bharat Mata : The image of India was transformed as Bharat Mata first by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Later, other artists like Abanindranath Tagore too painted the image of Bharat Mata portraying her as a calm, composed, divine and spiritual figure. People began to pledge their devotion to her as a proof of the nationalism.
- National Song ‘Vande Matram’ : Bankim Chandra wrote ‘Vande Matram’ as a hymn to the motherland in his novel Anadamath. This song was written in Bengali and became so popular that it began to be sung widely in the nationalist movements. It played a vital role in the Indian Independence Movement and became a popular marching song for political activism and Indian freedom movement in 1905.
- Folklore : Nationalist leaders made every possible effort to collect folk songs and legends. Rabindranath Tagore himself began to revive folk songs, dances, folk tales, cultures, etc. Natesa Shastri published a four volume collection of Tamil folktales, The Folklore of Southern India.
- Use of Icons and Symbols : During the Swadeshi Movement, a tricolour was designed depicting signs and symbols used by both Hindus and Muslims. Gandhiji designed a Swaraj flag. Carrying and holding the flag during marches became a symbol of opposition.
- Rediscovery of India’s Past : Britishers portrayed Indians as backward and primitive. Nationalists thought that it is necessary to discover India’s glorious past. They wrote about the achievements made by the Indians in the field of art, science, mathematics, etc., and also urged Indians to take pride in India’s glorious past.
The Gudem rebellion spread in reponse to the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921. In the Gudem hills of Andhra Pradesh, the militant spread guerilla movement under the leadership of Alluri Sitaram Raju against the forest laws.
- The rebels proclaimed that he was an incarnation of God as he could make correct astrological predictions and heal people.
- The rebellion was against preventing the forest people from entering the forests for grazing cattle, collecting fuel wood and fruits. It denied them their traditional rights over the forests and affected their livelihoods badly.
- The tribal people were enraged by the British policy, but when the government began forcing them to contribute ‘begar’ (unpaid work) for road building, the hill people revolted against them.
The methods adopted by the tribals to attain Swaraj were violent.
The tribal people took the following steps to gain swaraj:
- Alluri Sitaram Raju, inspired by Gandhiji and his Non-Cooperation Movement, persuaded people to adopt khadi and give up drinking habits. But, at the same time, he asserted that India could only be liberated by the use of force.
- The Gudem rebels attacked police stations and attempted to kill British officials. They carried on their guerilla warfare and inflict losses on the British.
Some major features of agriculture in India are given below :
- In most parts of India, agriculture is a primary activity that provides foodgrains as well as raw materials for various other industries.
- Three types of farming are found in Indian agriculture namely primitive subsistence farming in hilly and forested areas, intensive subsistence farming in densely populated areas and commercial farming in sparsely populated area such as Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana and Maharashtra.
- Indian agriculture has three cropping seasons i.e., rabi, kharif and zaid.
- Two-third of the Indian population is engaged in agricultural activities.
- Agricultural sector in India is now facing challenges from international competitors and sectoral limitations.
Mineral based industries : Industries that use minerals and metals as raw materials are called mineral based industries.
- Iron and Steel Industry : Iron and steel is a basic industry and is the backbone of industrial development of any country. All other industries depend on it for their machinery.
- Aluminium Industry : The aluminum industry consists of companies engaged in the mining and benefication of bauxite, smelting, refining and processing of alumina and aluminum alloys. Aluminium smelting is the second most important metallurgical industry in India.
- Chemical industry : Its contribution is approximately 3 percent in India’s GDP.
- Fertiliser industry : It is centered around the production of nitrogenous, phosphoric, ammonium phosphate and complex fertiliser.
- Cement Industry : This requires limestone, silica, alumina and gypsum as raw materials.
Road transportation is economical mode of transportation for smaller amount of goods and a few passengers over short and medium distances. Though they are relatively cheap and easy to construct and maintain. Road transportation in India is confronted with a number of problems.
Road transporation faces the following problems :
- On account of its large population, India has a large volume of freight and passenger traffic, which requires a large number of vehicles. But the road network is not adequate to handle heavy traffic.
- As most of the roads are kuccha or unmetalled, their usage is limited during the rainy season. The potholes on roads in the monsoon season lead to accidents.
- More national highways need to be built to connect the different parts of the country.
- The roads in the cities are highly congested and traffic jams are a constant problem. Most of the bridges and culverts are also old and narrow aggravating the problem.
- Roadside amenities like emergency medical facilities, telephone booths, etc., are lacking. Police patrolling on the highways is not adequate. So, goods and passengers are not safe at times.
Caste system is inherent in Indian politics because it plays a dominant role in the Indian politics. It proves to be harmful for politics because it damages democratic ideals:
The above statement can be justified with the following reasons :
- There are many caste pressure groups like the Scheduled Caste Federation, etc., which influence those who are in power by different methods to fulfil their demands.
- Caste also plays an important role when candidates are nominated by political parties for a particular constituency. So, it weakens the political system of the country.
- Voters, even though being illiterate, tend to vote for people who belong to their caste in the hope that they will uphold their caste interest. There is over emphasis on caste interest loyalty rather than national interest.
- Political parties have come up to protect the interests of the backward classes. Even while ministries are formed, different castes are kept in mind.
- The scheduled castes and tribes are given reservations in educational institutions, legislatures and government jobs. This is to remove their historically accumulated backwardness. But, it has led to strengthening of casteism and caste identity and most importantly reservation conflicts.
In a democratic set-up, political parties are required because without political parties :
- Every candidate in the elections will be independent. No promises could be made and the utility of the government formed will remain uncertain.
- No one will be responsible for running the country. Elected representatives will only be accountable to their constituency.
- There will be no agency to gather and present different views on various issues to the government.
- No one will be responsible for bringing various representatives together so as to form a responsible government.
- There will be no mechanism to support the government, make policies and justify or oppose them.
The two-party system is one in which the power alternates between two parties. Following are the three advantages of two-party system :
- Stable government: The government in this party system would be very stable as it comes into power by a majority and, thus, there will be continuity of policies and programmes.
- Strong opposition : In the bi-party system, the opposition will be very strong and effective as only one party forms the opposition.
- Responsible government : This system best reconciles responsiveness with order and representative government with efficient governance.
Following are the two disadvantages of two-party system :
- Undemocratic : Sometimes, the two-party system is considered undemocratic as the ideological choice is very limited between two parties. The opinions of people cannot be expressed properly.
- Cabinet dictatorship : Since the party comes in the power by an absolute majority, it is difficult to remove it and it can result in the dictatorship of the cabinet.
Priya works as a clerk in a commercial bank. Commercial banks fall into organised sector of an economy.
The various advantages for the workers in an organised sector of an economy are :
- Workers in the organised sector enjoy security of employment.
- They work for only a fixed number of hours. If they work more, they have to be paid overtime by the employer.
- They get several other benefits from the employers like paid leave, payment during holidays, provident fund and gratuity.
- They also get medical benefits and under the laws, the employer has to ensure facilities like drinking water and a safe working environment.
- When they retire, these workers get pensions as well.
In the above stated case Ramlal is a farmer and works in primary sector of economy, Salim being a technician falls into secondary sector of economy and since Sheetal is an executive in a showroom her work falls into tertiary sector of the economy.
All the three sectors of economy are interdependent. This can be understood with the following examples:
- Agricultural activities produce raw materials for agro-based industries and food for employees working in secondary and tertiary sectors. It shows that industrial sector and service sector is dependent on primary sector.
- Industrial activities produce instruments like tractor, fertiliser for agricultural inputs which increases the productivity in agricultural sector. Hence, primary sector depends on secondary sector.
- Transportation facilities are required for transporting of agricultural products and industrial products to the market of rural and urban centres. Here, primary and secondary sectors depend on tertiary sector.
- Industrial sector produces trucks, autos, etc., for transportation and computer and its periferals for proper banking activities and knowledge outsourcing. So, it shows that tertiary sector depends on secondary sector.
- If farmer does not produce grain, all people will starve and employees in secondary and tertiary sectors can not work properly without food.
The answer map is given below.
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