CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1
These Sample Papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Set 1
Time allowed : 3 hours
Maximum Marks : 80
- The question paper has 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Marks are indicated against each question.
- Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are Very Short Answer Type Questions. Each questions carries one mark.
- Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
- Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B). 26(A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attach the map inside your answer book.
- There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in some questions. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such-questions.
‘Elle’ was frequently used in the states of German confederation. What was it ? 
The rat hunt began in Vietnam in 1902. What was the reason behind it ?
Define calligraphy. 
Who was the first proper modern Indian novel writer ?
What is strip cropping ? 
What is dictatorship ? 
What are the modem forms of money ? 
Due to which reason the latest models of different items are available within our reach ? 
What does RTI stand for ? 
The ideas of French revolution spread to other parts of Europe. Explain. 
Explain the role of languages in developing the nationalist sentiments in Europe.
What were the drawbacks of manuscripts ? 
Write a short note on the rapidly growing popularity of novels among the common people.
The need of water is increasing day by day. Why ? Also mention the effects of over exploitation and excessive use of water resources. 
Kanhaiya is a farmer, he is practicing slash and burn agriculture in tropical regions. What are its salient features ? 
There are two or more sets of government in federalism. Justify it. 
Even after so many years of democracy. “India still faces challenges in holding elections”. Analyse this statement. 
How does democracy produce an accountable, responsible and legitimate government ? 
What is meant by economic development ? What are the two basis of measuring economic development. 
Define ‘money’. Why is it accepted as a medium of exchange ? 
What are the three advantages of Globalisation ? 
What are the difficulties a consumer faces when he wants to seek redressal against unfair trade practices ? 
Explain how the abolition of Corn laws in Britain led to the emergence of a global agriculture economy. 
Why did industrial production in India increase during the First World War ?
When and where was the very first section of the underground railway in the world opened ? Describe in brief the difficulties of travelling in the underground railway.
Explain the features of the Boycott and Swadeshi Movement. 
Who presided over the Lahore Congress Session in December 1929 ? What were the immediate outcomes of this session ?
Distinguish between the Rabi and Kharif crops. 
Analyse any five problems of Indian road transport. 
How has the distribution pattern of the railway network in the country been largely influenced by physiographic and economic factors ? Explain with examples.
What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies ? 
What are the characteristics of a political party ? 
Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well.
How is the tertiary sector different from other sectors ? Illustrate with few examples. 
Compare the employment conditions prevailing in the organised sectors and unorganised sectors.
(A) Two features (a) and (b) are marked on the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked near them. 
(a) The place where Jallian- wala Bagh incident took place.
(b) The place where peasants organised a Satyagraha in 1917.
(B) Locate and label the following with appropriate symbols.
(i) A software technology park in Jammu and Kashmir.
(ii) The only nuclear power plant in Uttar Pradesh.
(iii) Raniganj coal mine.
‘Elle’ was the measurement of cloth from elbow to finger tip, which was used in Europe particularly in Germany.
The rats, carrying the germs of plague, started entering the homes of French. So, to get rid of the rats, a ‘Rat-Hunt’ was started in 1902. The French hired Vietnamese workers and paid them for each rat they caught.
Calligraphy is a visual art related to beautiful and stylish writing.
Srinivas Das wrote the first proper modern novel in Hindi.
Strip cropping is the method of cultivation in which different crops are sown in alternate strips to prevent soil erosion.
A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government where all the power is vested with a single person. He has absolute control over government.
Paper notes, coins and plastic money are the modern forms of money.
Due to globalisation, the latest models of different items are available within our reach.
RTI stands for Right to Information Act. This act is an Act of the Parliament of India which came into force in 2005.
The idea of French revolution spread to other parts of Europe due to following reason:
- The French Revolutionary ideas inspired the oppressed poeple in other parts of Europe with liberal ideas.
- Jacobin club was set up by students, educated middle class to spread revolutionary ideas.
- With the out break of French revolutionary war, the French armies spread the idea of nationalism.
- Napolean who had conquered large part of Europe has brought administrative changes such as uniform civil code, abolishment of feudal system which helps in creating a sense of unification.
The role of languages in developing the nationalist sentiments in Europe :
- The emphasis on language was made not just to recover an ancient national spirit but also to carry the modern nationalist message to large audiences who was mostly illiterate.
- Many members of the clergy in Poland began to use language as a weapon of national resistance.
- After the Russian occupation of Poland, Polish language was forced out of schools and the Russian language was used everywhere.
The production of handwritten manuscripts became unpopular for several reasons :
- It could not compete with the ever-increasing demand for books.
- Copying was an expensive, labourious and time consuming business.
- Manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle and could not be carried around easily.
Reasons for the rapidly growing popularity of novels among the common people :
- The world created by novels was absorbing and convincing enough for readers to relate with.
- Novels gave the readers the pleasure of reading in private.
- In 1836, when ‘Pickwick Papers’ of Charles Dickens was serialised in a magazine, people enjoyed its suspense and discussed the characters of a novel for the very first time and lived for weeks with their stories.
The demand for water is increasing day by day due to the following reasons :
- Due to increasing urbanisation.
- Due to population explosion.
- Due to industrialisation because where a lot of water is required to generate electricity.
Over utilisation and mismanagement of water resources may cause :
- Lowering of water table result in threat for agriculture which may lead to shortage of food.
- Excessive use of water results in sinking which could lead to huge economic losses like structure damage in high building and fractures in pipe.
- Degradation of the ecosystem.
Salient features of slash and burn agriculture (shifting agriculture):
- For land availability, forests are cut and trees are burnt.
- For cultivation old tools such as digging sticks, hoe and dao are used.
- Less use of natural fertilizers or pesticides result in low productivity.
As federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between the union and provinces. Usually it has two levels of government.
- One is the government for the entire country called central or union government which looks after the subjects of national importance.
- The other government is at the level of provinces or states that looks after the matters of state importance. Both the governments enjoy their respective powers independently.
- In India a third tier of federalism was added as local government in the form of panchayats and municipalities or provincial governments.
Elections are a challenge to Indian democracy because :
- Holding a free and fair election is difficult. The candidates spend lot of money on campaigning, so only rich candidates can contest elections.
- The parties also support rich and influential candidates. Often the candidates try to bribe the voters indirectly by distributing food, gifts and making false promises.
Therefore, the government should think different ways to minimise and check the election expenditure as it has become a big challenge to Indian democracy in holding fair and free elections.
Democracy is a form of government in which people rule themselves through their elected representatives.
- If their representatives do not work according to their wishes then the people can change their representatives in the next general election. So, the government elected by people is accountable to them.
- In democracy, the government is responsive. The government has to keep the public opinion in mind while taking decisions.
- A democratic government is a legitimate government because it is elected by the people and is formed under the norms provided by the constitution of the country.
Economic development is the increase in growth and welfare of people, improvement of quality of life and increase in per capita income.
The two measures of the measuring the economic development of the country are :
- Human development index.
- Per capita income.
Money is defined as anything of value that series as a generally accepted medium of exchange, legal tender for repayment of debt, standard of value and a means to store purchasing power.
It is accepted as a medium of exchange because :
- Goods and services can be bought and sold with the use of money easily.
- Money solves the problem of double coincidence of wants.
- Money is sometimes paid as advance with promise of goods later,
Three advantages of Globalisation are :
- Globalisation helps to boost the economy of the country by improving the allocative efficiency of researches, increase in labour productivity and reducing capital out put ratio.
- Globalisation attracts FDI along with foreign technology which helps to improve quality of production.
- Globalisation enhances the efficiency of the banking, insurance and financial sectors.
Difficulties faced by a consumer in seeking redressal against unfair trade practices are :
- To start the redressal process, a consumer has to engage a lawyer who files a court case and attends proceedings.
- A consumer has to keep the cash memo carefully and produce it as evidence whenever it is needed. It is also not easy to collect evidences for all small goods as most of the purchases in the market are from small retailers.
- The existing laws to seek redressal are not very clear on the issue of compensation to the consumers. Therefore, the consumers get confused and most of the time they do not know how to approach the concerned cocerned authorities.
The abolition of Corn Laws in Britain led to the emergence of a global agriculture economy in the following ways :
- Britain was forced to import food grains from Eastern Europe, America and Australia.
- These products were relatively cheaper than the prices of the British produced goods and food grains.
- With abolition of Corn Laws, Britain began to import food grains from rest of the world.
- Now, food and other essential commodities were transported by railways and by ships manned by low paid workers from southern Europe, Asia, Africa and Caribbean.
- Crops were not grown by a peasant tilling his land but by an agricultural worker. By now food started coming from thousands of miles away.
During the First World War India witnessed increased industrial production due to : the following reasons :
- The British colonial government asked Indian factories to supply the war needs like jute bags, cloth or army uniforms, tents and leather boots, horse and mule saddles, etc.
- It was a good opportunity for Indian industries to fill in empty Indian markets with their products. Therefore, industrial production in India increased.
- British industries were also busy in producing and supplying the war needs. Hence they stopped importing British goods or clothes to colonial markets like India.
- The increased demand for a variety of products led to the setting up of new factories. The old factories also increased the production.
- Many new workers were employed and everyone was made to work for longer hours.
The first section of the underground railway in the world was opened on 10th January, 1863 between Paddington and Forringdan Street in London.
Following were the difficulties of travelling in the underground railway :
- At first, the people were afraid to travel in the underground railways. They found that the underground atmosphere contains mixture of sulphur, coal dust and foul smelling fumes from the gas lamps above posing a danger to their health.
- Most of the people felt the ‘Iron Monsters’ added to the mess and unhealthiness of the city.
- To make two miles of railways, 900 houses had to be destroyed. Streets were knocked up, pits and trenches were dug. The underground railways led to a massive displacement of the poors in London.
- The compartments were over crowded and polluted by smoke which resulted in suffocation due to lack of oxygen supply and heat.
Following were the features of Boycott and Swadeshi Movement :
- Reduction in import of cloths. Refusal and bonfires of foreign cloths by Indians.
- Refusal of traders to deal in foreign goods or finance foreign trade badly affected the British economy.
- Picketing of foreign liquor shops by women.
- British institutions and services were denied by students, teachers and lawyers.
- Increase in the production of Indian handloom and textile and coming up of Indian industries.
Jawaharlal Nehru presided over the Lahore Congress Session in December 1929. Following were the immediate outcomes of this session :
- The demand for Purna Swaraj or complete independence was formalised.
- It was declared that 26th January, 1930 will be celebrated as the Independence day. This fake Independence Day under the British rule was to be celebrated to make the Indian National Movement more lively.
- People were asked to take a pledge to struggle for complete independence.
- Gandhiji tried to find a way to relate this abstract idea of freedom to issues of everyday life. Later, this came in the form of famous Civil Disobedience Movement.
- The Nehru report was declared to be null and void in the Lahore Congress.
- These crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.
- These crops require less rainfall
- These crops require low temperature.
- Some of the most important rabi regions are north western states such as Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
- Some of the important Rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard.
- These crops are grown with the onset of monsoon and harvested from September to October.
- These crops require high rainfall.
- These crops require high temperature.
- Some of the most important Kharif regions are Assam, West Bengal coastal regions of Odisha, the Konkan coast, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
- Some of the important Kharif crops are erice (paddy), maize, jowar, bajra, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute, ground-nut and soyabean.
The problem of Indian road transport are :
- Indian road network is inadequate. Journey by roads is not safe and prone to various accidents.
- About half of the roads are unmettaled and this limits their usage during rainy season.
- The national highways in India are also inadequate.
- The highways in India are highly congested in cities and most of the bridges and culverts are old and narrow.
- Road side amenities like emergency help services, police protection and communications are not sufficient and approachable.
The distribution pattern of the railway network in India has been greatly influenced by physical and economic factors such as :
- The rugged terrain of the Himalayan mountain region in the north and north eastern states with sparse population and lack of economic opportunities is unfavourable for the construction of railway lines thereby railway network is lacking in these regions.
- Level lands of the northern plains of India with high density of population, rich agricultural resources and greater industrial activity have favoured the development of railways in this region. This regions, therefore have the densest network of railways in India.
- Sparsely populated sandy deserts of Rajasthan, hilly contiguous tracts of the Sahyadri Swamps of Gujarat, forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand and the flood plains of Bihar and Assam have posed great difficulty in laying of railway lines.
- On account of the economic importance of the region, the Konkan railways was developed along the west coast inspite of problems of sinking of tracks and landslides
- However, a large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges across their wide beds posed some obstacles in the construction of railway tracks.
- In India, the women’s participation in the political area is very low as in Lok Sabha, representation of women is only 10 per cent and in the state legislative assemblies the representation is less than 5 per cent of the total strength.
- On the other hand, the situation is different in the case of local government bodies. As one third of seats in local government bodies (panchayats and municipalities) is reserved for women, there are more than 10 lakh elected women representatives in rural and urban local bodies.
- In the central government, cabinet are largely dominated by male members even when women become the Chief Minister or Prime Minister.
- The share of women legislators in India is way behind then those of several developing countries of latin America and Africa. Thus, regarding, women’s participation in legislature, India ranks last among the nations in the world.
Following are the characteristics of a political party :
- Political parties are groups of well organised like minded people with the same view and opinions.
- The members of the political party agree to the policies and programmes to be implemented for the benefit of the society.
- Political party has one common aim to attain the power.
- Political parties try to persuade people that their policies are better then those of other parties.
- A political party runs with the help of its leaders, active members and its – supporters.
Suggestions to strengthen political parties :
- Anti-deflection law prevents elected MLAs and MPs from changing parties. At the same time, this law has made any dissent even more difficult.
- It is mandatory for evey candidate to give details of his property and criminate cases pending against him.
- Political parties should maintain a register of its member and have periodic elections for its office bearers.
- Political parties should have atleast one third seats reserved for women.
- The government should give parties some funds to support their election expenses.
There are many ways in which tertiary sector is different from other sectors :
- It is also known as service sector. It includes trade, transport, communication and other services provided to the people employed in primary and secondary sectors.
- These activities do not produce goods but they support the production process by increasing the efficiency of production process.
- It is different from primary sector which includes all those economic activities which are connected with extraction and production of natural resources. For example, fishery, mining, agriculture, etc.
- Tertiary sector is also different from secondary sector which includes all activities which are concerned with the processing of raw materials which have already been extracted at the primary stage. For e.g., converting sugarcane into sugar.
- Workers have job security and they get regular monthly salary.
- Working hours are fixed here. This sector is governed by various Acts like Factories Act, Bonus Act, EFF Act, Minimum Wages Act, etc.
- Rules and regualtions are strictly followed here.
- Working conditions are favourable.
- Workers get benefits like provident fund, pension, paid leave, leave travel compensation, medical benefits, etc.
- Workers do not have job security and they get daily wages.
- Working hours are not fixed here. Sometimes workers have to work for 10-12 hours. Salary of workers is less than the salary prescribed by the government.
- No rules and regulation are followed here.
- Working conditions are not favourable.
- Workers do not get any such facilities. Benefits and perquisites are not provided to the workers.
The answer map is given below.
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