Important Questions And Answers Of The Heart Of The Tree ICSE Class 9, 10

Important Questions And Answers Of The

Heart Of The Tree ICSE Class 9, 10

In this, you are going to go through Important Questions And Answers Of The Heart Of The Tree ICSE Class 9, 10. Understanding a text meticulously in its totality is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough analysis and understanding of the important questions and answers from the chapter The Heart Of The Tree. Let us find Important Questions And Answers Of The Heart Of The Tree ICSE Class 9, 10.

1. Why do you think the poet uses questions to begin his poem?

The poet uses questions to begin his poem to emphasize the theme he wants to convey to the readers and make it extraordinary. It’s not just a mere act of planting a tree. The poet makes one read in a different sense. He presents things as if they are unknown and very new. We are forced to think, by the poet in what he believes. Thus a simple act becomes too noble and subtle. This poetic technique is known as Hypophora.

2. Explain the line ‘He plants a friend of sun and sky.’

The poet Henry Cuyler Bunner, in his beautifully written poem, ”The heart of a Tree”, tells about planting trees and how they are inevitable to the harmonious existence of nature. The tree needs the sun and the sky for its life and in return nourishes them too. There is no perfect nature without the friendship of these three as they are most essential for any life form.

3. ”He plants the flag of breezes free”… What does the poet indicate by the flag of breezes?

The poet says that a man who plants a tree is not only planting a tree but he makes a free breeze possible for everyone. Because a tree once planted will grow in size covered with thick leaves which could generate winds and breeze. The poet indirectly wanted to say that trees give out life-sustaining air. And by doing this act, man becomes eco-friendly, thus saving the human race from pollution as well.

4. “He plants a home to heaven anigh”. What’s implied in this expression?

The following expression is from the poem,” The heart of a Tree”, by the American poet Henry Cuyler Bunner. The poet says that the man who plants a tree also makes possible a shelter for thousands of birds which at the time of sunset croon beautiful songs to the young ones and the feeling is heavenly for the rest of the others. He thus becomes equal to God who is the creator of heaven.

5. What is the meaning of hushed and happy twilight?

The poet Henry Cuyler Bunner, talks about the divine act of planting a tree. He wished to see it in a different way. He says that planting a tree is next to nothing. He who plants a tree also plants thousands of invisible virtues as well. The joyful songs of birds when the mother bird comes back on a quiet evening is a blissful experience. It is similar to heaven. The word ‘hushed’ means a time most probably evening when all the sounds subside and in that quiet and serene eve, the mother bird sings songs which can be called as lullabies to it’s your ones. The word’ twilight ‘means the time when evening gives way tonight. A golden hue pervades everywhere. The twilight is imagined as happy here but the happiness spreads everywhere.

6. What is meant by the treble of heaven’s harmony?

The poem” The heart of the Tree” is about the benefits of planting a tree. The poet talks about the man who plants a tree and the changes he brings in. He makes tree the abode of happiness for many birds and the happy songs of the birds, sitting on the branches of the tree, emulates heaven. The joyful chirps of the birds replicate the sounds of joyful heaven.

7. How does one can plant cool shade and tender rain?

The poet says that those who plant a tree also plant shades and rain. The poet reminds us that the trees give us shade from the scorching heat and are responsible for the rains. So he becomes an inevitable agent in connecting all the other elements of nature.

8. He plants the glory of the plain. Explain.

The poet Henry Cuyler Bunner in his poem “The heart of the Tree“, speaks about the virtues the tree possess. They add the aesthetic glory of a plain with their leaves, flowers, and fruits, in spite of being the life nourishers. A plain surrounded by hilly rocks would seem dry like a desert if there are no trees at all.

9. And plants the forest’s heritage…

What do you comprehend from the above expression?

The above expression is from the poem, “The Heart of the Tree.” The poet talks about the benefits the tree causes. One who plants a tree secures the future generations by providing them a pollution free world. A tree makes more of them and turns into a forest which can be a legacy for the coming generations. Thus, he keeps aside a valuable treasure.

10. Explain, “The joy that unborn eyes shall see “

The poet Henry Cuyler Bunner says that those who plant trees are part of the process of the cycle of nature. A tree would breed thousands other trees and the forthcoming generations which are yet to born will be overjoyed to accept such a legacy.

11. What does the poet hint by ‘ He plants, in sap and leaf and wood

In love of home and loyalty

And far-cast thought of civic good “?

The above lines are from the poem “The heart of the Tree”. The poet goes on talking about the nobility of the man who plants a tree. He does good for the common good. He becomes an example instilling in others the need to protect nature and live in a pollution free world. Such a man thinks not only for his immediate good but for the future as well. He is a true human.

12. “Who in the hollow of his hand

Holds all the growth of all our land.

How can one hold the growth of the land” Explain?

In the above lines, the poet speaks about the man who plants a tree could hold the growth of the land. He indirectly points out that trees are vital in the lives of people. All the growth of humankind depends on trees. Someone who plants a tree thinks much about the world and harmonious existence. Hence, he could foresee the growth of the land.

13. “A nation’s growth from sea to sea

Stirs in his heart who plants a tree”… What does the poet mean by this?

The above lines indicate the importance of planting trees in building nations. The resources tree could provide for the growth of a nation is undeniable. Hence someone who plants a tree thinks about the welfare of his nation too. He is discharging his civic duties as well.

14. Find out examples for personification from the poem ‘The heart of a Tree. ‘

Giving personal attributes to inanimate and non-living things are known as personifies. Normally abstract ideas are given such personal traits. For example, the poet personifies The tree in the line, ‘a friend of sun and sky’.

15. Find out the figure of speech implied in the line ‘hushed and happy twilight ‘

The figure of speech due in the line “hushed and happy twilight ” is known as a transferred epithet. It is a figure of speech where an adjective grammatically qualifies a noun other than the person think it is actually describing. Here twilight is not supposed to be happy, but the people surrounding it are.

16. Find out an instance of a metaphor from the poem.

Metaphors are figures of speech that compare two distinctly different things indirectly.
The branches of the tree are compared to a flag in the Line, “He plants the flag of breezes free “

17. What is alliteration? Find out an instance for the same from the poem “The heart of a tree”

The repetition of consonant sounds, at the beginning of the words, is called as alliteration. It gives a rhythmic quality to the poem. Example… “He plants a home to heaven high”.The use of metaphors lend the poem it’s poetic enhancements. Lines tend to be more poetic.

The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 1 Extra Questions And Answers Class 9, 10

The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 1 Extra Questions And Answers Class 9, 10

You are going to go through The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 1 Extra Questions And Answers Class 9, 10. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough critical and line-by-line analysis. Let us find The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 1 Extra Questions And Answers Class 9, 10.

Extra Questions And Answers Of The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 1

Act I: Scene 1

Answer the following questions:-

1 . In reality what doesn’t Antonio know? How it worries him and others?

_ Here, Antonio confesses to his friends that he was suffering from a strange melancholy. Antonio in reality doesn’t know about the reason behind his melancholy. His sad, brooding nature makes him a weak character.

Antonio calls his sadness absent-minded fellow as it makes him so absent-minded that he sometimes forgets his own identity. Antonio’s friends Salarino and Salanio were worried about his strange melancholy and they suggested that it may be either because he was worried about the safety of his ships which were tossing on the ocean or because he has fallen in love but Antonio denies both the reasons.

2 . “ But how I caught it, found it, or came by it,
What stuff ’tis made of, whereof it is born, I am learn;”
What does Antonio want to learn and why?

_ Here, Antonio wants to know the reason behind his strange melancholy because this sadness made him so absent-minded that he sometimes forgets his own identity. This made him so depressed that he and his friends became worried about him. His sadness was neither because of his business nor because of his love affairs. Antonio’s melancholy may be the result of his spiritual loneliness and lack of emotional fulfilment.

3 . How this unknown sadness affected Antonio?

_ Antonio’s strange melancholy had no specific reasons. He called his melancholy an absent-minded fellow as it made him so absent-minded that he sometimes couldn’t identify himself. He views the world as a stage, where every man has to play a part and his part is that of a sad man. It makes him as well as his friends worried. Although being a wealthy merchant his sad, brooding nature makes him a person of weak and depressed character. Due to this strange melancholy, he lacks interest in his life and business.

4 . Comment on Shakespeare’s way of opening the drama.

_ The play begins on a street in Venice. The opening scene gives a comprehensive description to convey to the audience about the circumstances that unfold, leading up to the events of the play. In this scene, the central character of the play is introduced. Shakespeare builds up the interest of the audience by showing Antonio in a melancholic mood. He somewhere wanted to build curiosity among the audience by not specifying the reason for Antonio’s melancholy. His friends Salarino and Salanio tries to figure out his reasons for sadness but Antonio denies it all making the audience more curious.

5 . Where according to Salarino was the mind of Antonio tossing and why?

_ According to Salarino, Antonio’s mind was tossing on the oceans. This was because his big commercial ships( argosies ) were sailing across the sea like signiors ( gentlemen) and burghers ( important citizens). The small commercial boats were moving up and down as if they were showing respect to Antonio’s big commercial ships.

6 . What are argosies? With what are they compared? How are they great and grand in comparison to the smaller ones?

_ According to Greek legend, Argosy is a ship of Ragusa, a port on the Adriatic near Venice. It was built up by Argus for Jason.

They were compared with the signiors ( gentlemen), rich burghers( important citizens) on the sea. The big commercial ships were also compared with pageants( processions) of the sea.

When Antonio’s big commercial ships would pass across the sea, the small commercial boats which were compared with the petty traffickers would move up and down as if they were showing respect to the big commercial ship. Hence, they were said great and grand in comparison to the smaller ones.

7 . What does Salanio say he would do when his ventures would be abroad? And how does this connect to the sadness of Antonio?

_ Salanio says that if he had some business operations abroad, he would spend most of his time thinking about his business. He would hold up a blade of grass to check in which direction the wind was blowing. He would look thoroughly and carefully in maps for ports, harbors and channels. Thinking of every object that would bring misfortune to his business would make him terribly sad and depressed.

As Antonio’s big commercial ships were sailing across the ocean, any danger to the ships would be a great loss for Antonio. Salanio thought that thinking about the dangers to his ships was the reason for Antonio’s melancholy.

8 . How does Salarino reflect on the different dangers that might cause harm to the ships of Antonio?

_ Salarino gave a vivid description of the dangers of the sea. He said, cooling his soup with his breath would make him remind of the strong winds that would be dangerous for his ships. By imagining this he would get scared and fall ill . He wouldn’t even see the sand hour-glass as the sand in the apparatus would remind him of the dangers from hidden banks of the sand at sea, on which the ship may run aground, lowering her top of the mast. The dangerous rocks would bring a great loss to his business. By touching the side of the ship, it would scatter all her spices, valuable silk in water. These were the dangers reflected by Salarino that might cause harm to the ships of Antonio.

9 . How does Salarino connect the sadness of Antonio with the thought of merchandise and his sadness?

_ Salarino gave a vivid description of the dangers of the sea. He described how a strong wind, hidden dangers of sand at sea, the dangerous rocks would destroy his ship within few moments. This would be a great loss for Antonio. Salarino said that these might be the reason for Antonio’s strange melancholic mood.

10 . How does Antonio refuse the connection between his merchandise and sadness?

_ Antonio was a wealthy merchant of Venice. He commands great respect, popularity and leads a comfortable life. He denies the connection of his merchandise and sadness because by his god’s grace and good fortune he business enterprises were neither dependent on a single ship nor destined to any one place. His business ships were scattered all around the world. Moreover, his financial condition was not dependent on the business operations of that year so he was not at all worried about his merchandise.

11. Do you think one should be sad with the logic of Salarino and Salanio? Why? Why not?

_ According to me, the person who is rich and wealthy enough like Antonio and whose business is not dependent on a specific thing shouldn’t be sad with the logics of Salarino and Salanio. But the people who have no strong economic base and whose income are dependent on that specific thing should be sad and worried with the logic of Salarino and Salanio.

12 . What does Salarino says about the logic of being sad and merry?

_ Antonio rejects all the logic of Salarino and Salanio behind the reason for his melancholic mood. Then, Salarino concludes that he was sad because he was not happy. And it would be very easy for Antonio to laugh and leap and say he was happy as he was not sad. He refers to the two-headed Janus which indicates that there are two types of people; some that will laugh at the silliest jokes and the one that will not even show their teeth if the Nestor would confess a joke to be laughable.

13 . Who was Janus? How was he connected to Salarino’s logic?

_ Janus was a Roman god who had two heads looking in the opposite directions, one frowning and the other smiling. According to a legend, Janis had received the gift to see the future and the past from the god Saturn. Janus is an indication that nature creates two types of people one who is always happy and the other who is sad.

Salarino couldn’t find the reason for Antonio’s sadness and concludes that he was sad because he was not happy. He compares Antonio with the people who never showed their teeth even if Nestor would confess that the joke was funny.

14 . What does Salarino say about the two categories of people _ sad and happy?

_ Salarino said that nature creates two different categories of people with different outlooks _ one sad and the other happy.

The happy ones would laugh at anything like a parrot who laughs foolishly at everything which would make their face appear wrinkled when they laugh so that their eyes appear to be peeping through the folds.

The sad ones would not laugh at anything and show sour expressions. They would not show their teeth even if Nestor would announce a joke to be laughable.

15. Who is Nestor? How is Nestor connected with the logic of jokes and laughter?

_ Nestor was the king of Pylos. He was one of the greatest generals in the Trojan war. Also, he was famous for his wisdom. He was so grave that if he laughed at a joke it meant that the joke was funny.

Here, Salarino says that there are some people with sour expressions and would never show their teeth out of laughter even if Nestor announces the joke to be laughable.

16 . What does Antonio say about Salanio and Salarino’s departure? Who are the better company?

_ Antonio had many friends but he was not deeply attached to anyone of them except Bassanio. So, Antonio was quite relieved when he heard about Salarino and Salanio’s departure. He said that although Salarino and Salanio were very important to him they must take the opportunity to leave as it was their business call.

Since Antonio was not so deeply attached to Salarino and Salanio, Bassanio, Gratiano , and Lorenzo were Antonio’s better company.

17 . On what logic did Lorenzo leave the company?

_ Since Bassanio have found his better company that is Antonio so Lorenzo decided to leave their company and while departing he reminded Bassanio that he promised them to meet at dinner time.

18 . Explain “ You have too much respect upon the world. They lose it that do buy it with much care.”

_ Gratiano noticed that Antonio’s appearance have marvellously changed and he did not look quite well. In this context , Gratiano said that Antonio was too much concerned and anxious about worldly affairs and those who spent too much time thinking about worldly affairs can never really be happy and cheerful.

19 . What does Antonio mean when he says that the world is a stage? What role is he playing?

_ Antonio clarifies to Gratiano that he thinks of the world for what it is. He is not too much concerned about worldly affairs. He instead considers the world as a stage and every man is an actor and has a particular role in the play. Here, Antonio says that he was playing a sad part in the play. ( Here, Shakespeare wishes to portray that coming events cast their shadows before.)

20 . What kind of life and character does Gratiano wish to lead and why?

_ If the world is a stage and Antonio chooses to play the sad role then Gratiano chooses to play the role of a fool. He wants the wrinkles of old age to come on his face with mirth and laughter. He chose this because he felt that it was better to enjoy like a fool than to sit as still as a carved statue of grandfather cut in alabaster( pure white stone).

21 . What kind of life Gratiano doesn’t want to live and why?

_ Gratiano doesn’t want to lead a sad and depressed life with no motivation, encouragement. He wanted to heat his liver with the wine which would produce rich blood and a joyful personality ( Elizabethan belief) rather than sighing and groaning which were believed to take away blood from the heart. He did not want to sit as still as grandfather’s statue cut in alabaster and be motionless during the working hours.

22 . How does Gratiano reflect the people with sadness?

_ Gratiano said that the people with sadness had no motivation in their life. Their life is as motionless as a still carved statue of grandfather cut in alabaster. They are motionless during the working hours as if they are asleep and gradually pushed themselves to be in a jaundiced state by being irritable ( Elizabethan thoughts that jaundice was caused by jealousy and bad temper). He said that the people with sadness are like them whose faces are overcast with a set of pale expressions as constant as the scum that stands still on the surface of the water in a pool or as white cream on the top of milk.

23 . What does Gratiano say about the people who pretend serious attire? What does Gratiano meanwhile taking about Oracle?

_ Gratiano said that there is a group of people whose faces are overcast with a set of constant pale expressions who deliberately put on an attire of solemnity, seriousness, deep thought, gravity to create a reputation.

The Greek Oracle was believed to be the voice of God uttered through the mouth of priests. Here, Gratiano meant that those people who try to put on serious attire intentionally, consider themselves as Oracle and they expect pin drop silence when they open their lips to say something.

24 . What does Bassanio say about Gratiano’s habit of talking too much? How is it connected to “ Two grains”?

_ Bassanio says that Gratiano is a very talkative person. He speaks an infinite deal of absolutely nothing and no man in Venice could speak as much as Gratiano.

Bassanio compares Gratiano’s reasons with two grains of wheat hidden in two bushels of chaff which meant that his speech was like two grains of good sense hidden in two bushels of nonsense. One will waste all day finding them and when one gets them they are completely worthless.

25 . What is the secret pilgrimage Antonio is talking about? Who is the person talked about?

_ Antonio was talking about the lady with whom Bassanio had promised to visit secretly and he promised Antonio that he would tell him about the total incident.

The person about whom they are talking is a rich lady who lived in Belmont. Her name is Portia and she is gifted with both beauty and intelligence.

26 . Acquaint us with Bassanio’s extravagant way of life.

_ Bassanio is portrayed as a spendthrift young gallant who lives a luxurious life beyond his means. He was never thought of any consequences before spending money and took undue advantage of Antonio’s love and generosity. Although he knew he couldn’t afford such a luxurious life he never wished to give up his luxury. He borrowed money from Antonio and led an extravagant life. Bassanio owed Antonio the most in money as well as in love.

27 . How does Bassanio plan to pay the debt of Antonio? How does he connect this with “ shaft” and “ childhood”?

_ Bassanio owe the most to Antonio in money as well as in love. He borrowed money from Antonio due to which he could lead an extravagant and luxurious life. Bassanio says that when he was a schoolboy if he lost an arrow, he used to shoot another arrow in the same direction and succeeded in finding the first arrow, besides recovering the second one. Here, Bassanio will ensure that the second loan will be returned to Antonio but he will still owe Antonio for the original sum.

28 . Why did Bassanio connect the allusion of “Prodigal son”?

_ Bassanio was referred to as the “Prodigal son” because he was a spendthrift and did not care about the money which he had wasted. Bassanio belonged to a wealthy family but due to his spendthrift nature, he lost everything but to restore his position in society he borrowed money from Antonio and led a luxurious and extravagant life just like the prodigal son who squanders all his inheritance and returns home expecting that his father would forgive him.

29 . How did Antonio assure Bassanio about his support and help for Bassanio’s purpose?

_ Antonio requests Bassanio to say the matter clearly and assured him that he would stand by his side by any means. He said that if Bassanio’s plan or intention is as honourable as him then Antonio’s money, person and all the utmost resources are open for him all the time and he would help him at any cost.

30 . “Bassanio’s way of referring to the childhood practice of shooting arrow is a bit awkward way of asking Antonio’s help”. Discuss.

_ According to my, the way Bassanio asked for a second loan was quite awkward. This is because Bassanio knew that if he would ask directly for a loan from Antonio he would never deny him but still he preferred using several contexts unnecessarily exaggerating the matter. Antonio was so generous and loyal to Bassanio that he would give him all he had without having a second thought. So, it was quite foolish of Bassanio to exaggerate the matter by referring to the childhood practice of shooting arrows.

31 . How does Antonio react in the way Bassanio had asked for help?

_ Antonio said Bassanio that he knows him very well and it was not expected by Antonio that Bassanio would appeal to him in such a complicated way by doubting the fact that he can do everything for him. He also appeals to Bassanio that if he had destroyed everything that Antonio had he must order him something possible for Antonio to do and he was even ready to do that. This shows that Antonio was a generous and loyal friend.

32 . How does Bassanio compliment Portia ? Why did he bring the reference of “Cato” and “Portia”?

_ Bassanio says that in Belmont there is s rich lady whose name is Portia. She is fair even fairer than the word fair. She was beautiful as well as virtuous. Portia has not only outer beauty but also has the beauty of character and thought. She posses sharp intellect and understanding. Sometimes from her eyes, Bassanio received fair unspoken messages. Her bright hair which hanged on her temples were compared with the golden fleece. Overall Portia is a combination of beauty with brain.

Portia here is compared to the Portia in Julius Caesar, who was the daughter of Cato ( a Roman Statesman) and wife of Brutus ( a brave Roman general), the leader of the conspiracy against Julius Caesar. Portia was as beautiful and intelligent as Portia of Julius Caesar and that’s why he brings the reference of “Portia” and “Cato”.

33 . How do all the suitors pay a visit to Belmont to seek Portia’s hand by winning the casket game?

_ Portia’s beauty was famous across the world and many suitors from all around the world would come to see Portia and participate in the casket game to marry Portia. Her beauty, intelligence and wealth attracted most of the suitors.

34 . Acquaint us with “ golden fleece” and “Colchos strand”. What is the implication of this with Portia’s situation?

_ In Greek mythology, Golden fleece is referred to as the fleece of the winged ram, Chrysomallos. Phryxus and his twin sister escaped on ran over the sea to save themselves. Phryxus reached safely to Colchos a fabulously wealthy life which was located in a country in Asia bordering the Black sea. There he sacrificed the ram and the golden fleece was given to King Acetes and hung it on an oak tree where it was guarded by a dragon. A famous hero Jason went on a dangerous voyage to Colchos in search of golden fleece and ultimately obtained it with the help of his wife Medea.

Here, all the suitors from all around the world were coming to visit Portia because of her wealth, beauty and intelligence by overcoming all the dangers in their way just to participate in the casket game to marry Portia.

35 . How does Bassanio considers himself among the Jasons?

_ Bassanio says Antonio that if he had all the means to compete with the adventurous suitors then his insight foretells him that he might be fortunate this time and without any doubt would have a profitable success.

36 . What adverse information does Antonio give about lending money? What solution does he bring to the same?

_ Antonio gives the information that all his fortunes are dependent at sea and at this present moment, he neither have money nor goods which would be security for a loan to give Bassanio that money which was required. Instead, Antonio gives a solution. He says Bassanio to use his name in Venice and see how much he can borrow. He was quite sure that Bassanio would be able to borrow money either because of Antonio’s business credits or an account of his personal surety.

Up Into The Cherry Tree Extra Questions And Answers Class 9 English Poem

Up Into The Cherry Tree Extra Questions And Answers Class 9 English poem

You are going to go through Up Into The Cherry Tree Extra Questions And Answers Class 9 English Poem. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough critical and line-by-line analysis. Let us find Up Into The Cherry Tree Extra Questions And Answers Class 9 English Poem.

Up Into The Cherry Tree Extra Questions And Answers

Extra questions:

Why does the child want to climb a higher tree?
Ans: Betty did lots of hard work and dedication. Due to that she won the gold medals. That was the ultimate glory.

The garden next-door is covered with:
A) Flowers
B) Thorns
C) Fruits
D) Dry leaves
Choose the correct option.

Ans: A) Flowers.

The child wants to see where the roads lean into the:
A) Next town
B) Shore
C) Fairy Land
D) None of the above.
Choose the correct option.

Ans: C) Fairy Land.

About the poet:

Robert Louis Stevenson was born in 1850 in Edinburg, Scotland. He was one of the most popular Scottish writers. He wrote many poems, plays, short stories and novels. Also, he is best known for his adventure novels and travel essays.

He finished his schooling in 1857 at Mr Henderson’s School. He has also attended the University of Edinburg.

Some of his most popular works include “Treasure Island” (1883), “Kidnapped” (1886), “Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde” (1885), “A Child’s Garden of Verses” (1885), “The Merry Men” (1882), “The Isle of Voices” (1892), “Underwoods” (1887), “The Amateur Emigrant” (1895) and “The Old and New Pacific Capitals” (1882) and a lot more.

Stevenson passed away in Vailima, Samoa on December 3rd, 1894 at a very young age of just 44.

About the poem:

This poem is about a child who has climbed a tree and is enjoying the beautiful nature from up there. The child has described everything in detail, about what he could see from high above the tree.

Structure of the poem:

“Up into the cherry-tree

Who should climb but little me?

I held the trunk with both my hands

And looked abroad on foreign lands.

I saw the next-door garden lie,

Adorned with flowers, before my eye,

And many pleasant places more

That I had never seen before.

I saw the dimpling river pass

And be the sky’s blue looking-glass;

The dusty roads go up and down

With people tramping in to town.

If I could find a higher tree,

Farther and farther I should see,

To where the grown-up river slips

Into the sea among the ships.

To where the roads on either hand

Lead onward into fairy land,

Where all the children dine at five,

And all the playthings come alive.”

The specific rhyming pattern in the poem is AABB CCDD EEFF GGHH IIJJ.

Line by line analysis of the poem:

Stanza 1:

“Up into the cherry-tree

Who should climb but little me?

I held the trunk with both my hands

And looked abroad on foreign lands.”

The child shows his excitement to climb the cherry tree and look at the world from there. He held the trunk of the tree with his little hands and climbed it. Reaching up there, he looked around. He looked at the faraway lands as well.

Stanza 2:

“I saw the next-door garden lie,

Adorned with flowers, before my eye,

And many pleasant places more

That I had never seen before.”

The child could see the garden of his neighbouring house. The garden was beautifully decorated with flowers. The view was pleasant. The child exclaimed that he had never seen something as beautiful as the garden filled with flowers before.

Stanza 3:

“I saw the dimpling river pass

And be the sky’s blue looking-glass;

The dusty roads go up and down

With people tramping in to town.”

Sitting high up on the tree, he also saw the river pass. The blue sky looked amazing from there. The roads looked as if they went up and down. He also saw people walking down the streets, probably going to the town.

Stanza 4:

“If I could find a higher tree,

Farther and farther, I should see,

To where the grown-up river slips

Into the sea among the ships.”

In the fourth stanza, the child says how he wishes that there was a higher tree. Had there been one, he would climb it as well and seen farther. He would also try to figure out the point where the river meets into the sea.

Stanza 5:

“To where the roads on either hand

Lead onward into fairy land,

Where all the children dine at five,

And all the playthings come alive.”

This is continuity to the last stanza. He says that if could climb a higher tree, he would locate where the roads end and meet into a fairy land. He basically feels that his imaginations might come true if he could look farther. May be at some place children would finish their meals at five and toys and playthings would come alive. He wanted to see these events if he climbed a higher tree.

 

Up Into The Cherry Tree Textbook Questions And Answers Class 9 English Poem

Up Into The Cherry Tree Textbook Questions And Answers Class 9 English Poem

You are going to go through Up Into The Cherry Tree Textbook Questions And Answers Class 9 English Poem. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Efforts have been made to ensure a thorough and proper Up Into The Cherry Tree Textbook Questions And Answers Class 9 English Poem.

Up Into The Cherry Tree Textbook Questions And Answers

Important word meanings:

  1. Cherry: A small red coloured fruit.
  2. Dimpling: Having indentations.
  3. Tramping: Long-distance walks.
  4. Abroad: Out of doors.

Theme of the poem:

The central theme of the poem revolves around natural beauty. In the poem, there is a child who has climbed a tree and is enjoying the beautiful nature from up there.

Text book solutions:

  1. How did the little boy climb the tree?
    Ans: The little boy held the trunk of the tree with his small hands and climbed it.
  2. Why did he climb it?
    Ans: He wanted to see the world around him from high above. Sitting at such a height, he could see farther and farther.
  3. What did he see in the next-door garden?
    Ans: He saw beautiful flowers in the next-door garden.
  4. What does the boy wish to see?
    Ans: The boy wishes to climb a higher tree. He wishes to see where the river meets the sea, where the streets enter the fairyland. He wants to see where toys and playthings come alive and where kids finish their dinner at five.

Pick out the rhyming words and add two more words to it.

  1. Stanza 1: tree- me (see- bee), hands- lands (stands- bands).
  2. Stanza 2: lie- eye (shy- apply), more- before (bore- sore)
  3. Stanza 3: pass- glass (class- alas), downtown (clown- gown)
  4. Stanza 4: tree- see (flee- plea), slips- ships (grips- trips)
  5. Stanza 5: hand-land (brand- sand), five- alive (dive- revive)

Which stanza of the poem do you like the most? Why?

Ans: “If I could find a higher tree,

Farther and farther, I should see,

To where the grown-up river slips

Into the sea among the ships.”

The fourth stanza stands out for me. Here the kid’s desire to see more is expressed beautifully. He is already able to see a lot sitting on the tree. But he imagines a lot more and wants to climb a higher tree and wants to see more and experience more. He wishes to see where the river meets the sea, where the streets enter the fairyland. He wants to see where toys and playthings come alive and where kids finish their dinner at five.

 

Up Into The Cherry Summary Class 9 English Poem

Up Into The Cherry Summary Class 9 English Poem

You are going to go through the Up Into The Cherry Summary Class 9 English Poem. Understanding a story meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made every effort to ensure a thorough and proper summary of the story. Let us find the Up Into The Cherry Summary Class 9 English Poem.

Up Into The Cherry Summary Class 9 English Poem

About the poem:

This poem is about a child who has climbed a tree and is enjoying the beautiful nature from up there. The child has described everything in detail, about what he could see from high above the tree.

Structure of the poem:

“Up into the cherry-tree

Who should climb but little me?

I held the trunk with both my hands

And looked abroad on foreign lands.

 

I saw the next-door garden lie,

Adorned with flowers, before my eye,

And many pleasant places more

That I had never seen before.

I saw the dimpling river pass

And be the sky’s blue looking-glass;

The dusty roads go up and down

With people tramping in to town.

 

If I could find a higher tree,

Farther and farther I should see,

To where the grown-up river slips

Into the sea among the ships.

 

To where the roads on either hand

Lead onward into fairy land,

Where all the children dine at five,

And all the playthings come alive.”

 

The specific rhyming pattern in the poem is AABB CCDD EEFF GGHH IIJJ.

Line by line analysis of the poem:

Stanza 1:

“Up into the cherry-tree

Who should climb but little me?

I held the trunk with both my hands

And looked abroad on foreign lands.”

The child shows his excitement to climb the cherry tree and look at the world from there. He held the trunk of the tree with his little hands and climbed it. Reaching up there, he looked around. He looked at the faraway lands as well.

Stanza 2:

“I saw the next-door garden lie,

Adorned with flowers, before my eye,

And many pleasant places more

That I had never seen before.”

The child could see the garden of his neighbouring house. The garden was beautifully decorated with flowers. The view was pleasant. The child exclaimed that he had never seen something as beautiful as the garden filled with flowers before.

Stanza 3:

“I saw the dimpling river pass

And be the sky’s blue looking-glass;

The dusty roads go up and down

With people tramping in to town.”

Sitting high up on the tree, he also saw the river pass. The blue sky looked amazing from there. The roads looked as if they went up and down. He also saw people walking down the streets, probably going to the town.

Stanza 4:

“If I could find a higher tree,

Farther and farther, I should see,

To where the grown-up river slips

Into the sea among the ships.”

In the fourth stanza, the child says how he wishes that there was a higher tree. Had there been one, he would climb it as well and seen farther. He would also try to figure out the point where the river meets into the sea.

Stanza 5:

“To where the roads on either hand

Lead onward into fairy land,

Where all the children dine at five,

And all the playthings come alive.”

This is continuity to the last stanza. He says that if could climb a higher tree, he would locate where the roads end and meet into a fairyland. He basically feels that his imaginations might come true if he could look farther. Maybe at someplace children would finish their meals at five and toys and playthings would come alive. He wanted to see these events if he climbed a higher tree.

Figures of speech used in the poem:

Alliteration: This is a figure of speech where closely associated words or corresponding words begin with the same alphabet in a sentence.

“I held the trunk with both my hands”

“Farther and farther, I should see”

The Face On The Wall Textbook Questions And Answers Class 8 ICSE English literature

The Face On The Wall Textbook Questions And Answers Class 8 ICSE English literature

You are going to go through The Face On The Wall Textbook Questions And Answers Class 8 ICSE English literature. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Efforts have been made to ensure a thorough and proper The Face On The Wall Textbook Questions And Answers Class 8 ICSE English literature.

The Face On The Wall Textbook Questions And Answers

About the Author:

Edward Verrall Lucas was born in 1868 on 11th or 12th June in Eltham, Kent. He was educated at the Friends School. He belonged to a Quaker family. Also he was a great English humorist, poet, novelist and short story. Lucas joined the humorous magazine “Punch” in the year 1904 and worked there for the rest of his life. He wrote around 100 books.

Some of his great creations are “The Face on the Wall”, “Sparks from a Flint: Odd Rhymes for Odd Times” (1891), “A Book of Verse for Children” (1897), “The Flamp, the Ameliorator, and the Schoolboy’s Apprentice” (1897), “Traveller’s Joy” (1919), “Urbanities” (1921), “Michael Angelo” (1924) and a lot more.

Textbook Questions and Answers:

1. On which topic were the people at Dabney’s having a discussion?
Ans: At Dabney’s play, a discussion was happening about the events that were beyond scientific explanations and that cannot be explained by natural causes.

2. What kind of experience did the little man narrate?

Ans: The little man narrated his own experience. At that time, he was staying an old house in Great Ormond Street. The room he was staying in was damp and the walls were painted by the previous tenant. This one time he was suffering from influenza. He had once spotted a face with proper features appear on the wall of his room when he was staying there. That face had a firmer grip on him.

After he got better, he searched for that face everywhere. He finally found the man and realised his name was Mr Ormond Wall. The little man fainted and when he gained senses, he was in a hospital in Boulogne. He went back to the old house and next morning he found out in the headlines that Mr Ormond was an American millionaire who had just met a motor accident and his condition was critical. The little man also noticed that the face on the wall had vanished.

3. What did the little man find on the wall of his room?

Ans: The little man found the face of a man on his wall. It had sharp features with a curved nose and a remarkable forehead.

4. What convinced the little man that a real man with a face like that on the wall existed? Where all did he try to look for that man?

Ans: The face on the wall made the little man very curious. He was somewhere convinced that such a man exists in reality. The face had a strange grip on him.

5. Where did he find the man, he was looking for? Why was he surprised to look at the visiting card of the man?

Ans: The little man was searching for that man everywhere. He found the man in a taxi driving east along Piccadilly. He began following the cab and reached Charing Cross. The man was standing there with a little girl and two women.

He was surprised when he saw the visiting card because it said Mr Ormond Wall. The house where he stayed was at the Ormond street where he had spotted the face on the wall.

6. “I may say that it filled my thoughts day and night.”- Who is ‘I’ in this sentence? What is ‘it’ that filled the speaker’s thoughts? What kind of thoughts did ‘it’ fill the speaker’s mind with? Why did ‘it’ keep the speaker occupied ‘day and night’?

Ans: ‘I’ here is the little man who has been narrating the story.

The face of the man that was present on the wall of his room filled the speaker’s thoughts.

The little man wondered whose face it could be, for some reason he thought that such a man exists in reality. He would also think about the reason of the sudden appearance of such a thing.

Since the narrator was confirmed that the face on the wall exists, he began searching for the face. He would do that all day and night.

7. “I never looked at women; …”- Who is the speaker in this sentence? Why did the speaker never look at women? Was the speaker looking for someone in particular? If yes, whom?

Ans: The speaker is the little man.

He wanted to find the man whose face appeared on his wall. Hence, He never felt like looking at women since he was always searching for that one man.

The speaker was looking for the man whose face had appeared on the wall of his room in that old house.

8. “Holding the card tight in my hand I hurried to a lonely corner of the ship and read it.”- Which card was the speaker holding in his hand? Why was the card important for the speaker? What was the speaker’s reaction after reading the card?

Ans: The speaker was holding the visiting card of the man (Mr Ormond Wall) whose face appeared through the patches of his wall.

The card was important for the speaker because he wanted to know the man’s identity because the man resembled the face on the wall.

The speaker was surprised and taken aback when he saw the card.

9. Which sentences suggest that the little man raised the curiosity of the listeners?

Ans: The following sentences suggest that the little man had raised the curiosity of the listeners:

“‘Most remarkable’, we said, ‘most extraordinary’, and so forth, and we meant it too.”

“Soon the narrator of the amazing experience rose up and said goodnight.”

These lines show how much the listeners were into the story and they loved the way it was narrated by the little man.

10. What did the disappearance of the face from the wall signify?

Ans: The disappearance meant that Mr Ormond Wall was no more and could not survive the motor accident.

11. What were the three most extraordinary things about the story the little man narrated?

Ans: The first extraordinary thing was that a simple patch on the wall can not only look so similar to a real person but also hold a deep significance with his life. Secondly, the name of the gentleman was similar to the name of the street where the old house was located. The third extraordinary thing was that the little man had made up the whole story just half an hour ago then.

12. Do you think the little man was an interesting storyteller? Why/ Why not?

Ans: The little man was indeed an interesting story teller. He had kept everybody engaged in his story the whole time. He managed to keep the suspense although when he had just made up the story some time back.

13. Do you believe in the occurrences of incidences which cannot be supported by science or logic?

Ans: I am sceptical about occurrences of incidents that cannot be supported by science or logic. According to me, it is inappropriate to believe or disregard something completely without experiencing it.

Match the idioms in column A with their meanings in column B:

A                                                                                          B
Truth needs no colour                                                         Truth is truth; it needs no decoration.
Truth will out                                                                        People will find out the truth even if you try to keep it secret.
Half the truth is often a whole lie                                        If you don’t tell the complete truth, it is the same as telling a lie.
Liar is not believed when he tells the truth                         People will not believe anything a liar will say.
Bend the truth                                                                     To suggest that something is not true.
Nothing could be further from the truth                            To say something that is not completely true.

Change the following into negative sentences without changing their meanings:

  1. Iron is a useful metal.
    Iron is not a useless metal.
  2. I am telling you the truth.
    I am not lying to you.
  3. The library is closed today.
    The library is not open today.
  4. I am feeling very cold today.
    I am not feeling warm today
  5. The food at the restaurant was good.
    The food at the restaurant was not bad.
  6. She was annoyed with his behaviour today.
    She was not impressed with his behaviour today.

Transform the following sentences:

  1. We walk along the shorter lane to school. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘not’.)
    We do not walk along the longer lane to school.
  2. Drink your milk. (Rewrite the sentence starting with ‘can’ or ‘will’.)
    Can you drink your milk?
  3. Didn’t you like my suggestion? (Rewrite the sentence starting with ‘you’.)
    You did not like my suggestion, did you?
  4. It is so much fun to work on the project together. (Rewrite the sentence using an exclamation mark.)
    How fun is it to work on the project together!
  5. Are we on time for the match? (Rewrite the sentence starting with ‘we’.)
    We are on time for the match, aren’t we?
  6. Why don’t you shut the window? (Rewrite the sentence starting with ‘shut’.)
    Shut the window.
  7. He is not a smart and an intelligent boy. (Rewrite the sentence starting with ‘is’.)
    Is he a smart and an intelligent boy?
  8. How nice of you to come to the party! (Rewrite the sentence starting with ‘it’.)
    It is nice that you came to the party.

Add suitable question tags to the statements:

  1. Push this sofa.
    Push this sofa, can’t you?
  2. Let’s clean this room.
    Let’s clean this room, won’t you?
  3. You have not finished your work.
    You have not finished your work, have you?
  4. Everybody should help the poor.
    Everybody should help the poor, shouldn’t they?
  5. You are not wearing this dress for the party.
    You are not wearing this dress for the party, are you?
  6. All your life you have lived in the mountains.
    All your life you have lived in the mountains, haven’t you?

Identify whether each highlighted phrase is a noun phrase (N), an adjective phrase (A) or an adverb phrase (AV):

  1. We must go and meet our new neighbours. – N
  2. She opened all the boxes very carefully. – AV
  3. The dining room was decorated with balloons. – N
  4. He crawled on his hands and knees. – N
  5. I’m extremely excited about the school trip. – A
  6. The dog running after the car is mine. – N

Replace the underlined adjective phrases with suitable adjectives:

  1. She likes wearing dresses made of silk.
    She likes wearing silk-made dresses.
  2. There are many houses in the mountains made of wood.
    There are many wooden houses in the mountains.
  3. The robbers took away all the jewellery made of gold.
    The robbers took away all the gold made jewellery.
  4. An author from America has written this book.
    An American author has written this book.
  5. He was chased by a dog that was angry.
    He was chased by an angry dog.

Complete these sentences with suitable phrases as directed:

  1. Have you read that new book? (noun phrase)
  2. The birds fly near that tree in the evening. (adverb phrase)
  3. The pool where I swim is very large. (adjective phrase)
  4. Do you have a book that has a happy plot? (adjective phrase)
  5. Can you please tell me if you know him? (noun phrase)
  6. They will work very carefully to complete the decorations. (adverb phrase)

The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10

The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10

You are going to go through The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough critical and line-by-line analysis. Let us find The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10.

The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE

Act 2 scene 3

1 . Where does this scene takes place? To whom are we introduced in this scene?

This scene takes place in a room in Shylock’s house where Jessica and Launcelot are present. In this scene we are introduced to Jessica, Shylock’s daughter and a glimpse of her love story with Lorenzo are introduced in this scene.

2 . Give reasons for Launcelot’s leaving Jessica’s house.

According to Launcelot, Shylock was very cruel and very rude as an owner and as a human as well. Launcelot felt very deprived and did not feel free to do anything. Moreover, according to him, he did not get enough food and clothing. Shylock thought that everyone would deceive him including Launcelot, which Launcelot hated the most. Lastly, as Launcelot was a Christian he feared that continuing his work under Shylock would turn him into a Jew.

3 . What is the evidence that Jessica liked Launcelot’s presence in her house?

On hearing the news that Launcelot was leaving their house she felt really unhappy and turned sorrowful. Launcelot’s cheerful nature always cheered Jessica. Jessica considered him as a merry devil in their house which was nothing less than a hell. Launcelot’s joyful nature reduced the boredom from their house and his lively spirits made it a little less miserable. These words are evidence that Jessica liked Launcelot’s presence in their house.

4 . What light does the description of Jessica throw on Launcelot’s character?

According to Jessica’s description, it is well understood that Launcelot is an amusing fun-loving person. He has the quality to enlighten the dull atmosphere by his ceaseless talking. Jessica considers him as a “merry devil” in their house which was nothing less than a hell. He has a good sense of humour and is fond of practical jokes and nonsensible utterances. Launcelot is cheerful which reduced the boredom of Jessica’s miserable house.

5 . What task does Jessica give to Launcelot and what was the strict precaution given by her to Launcelot?

Before the departure of Launcelot Portia gives him a ducat and also assigns a task to him. She hands over a letter to him which he was supposed to give to Lorenzo at the dinner.

Jessica instructed Launcelot that he should do the task very secretly and no one should get any hint about the task assigned to him. At the dinner, he would secretly deliver the letter to Lorenzo.

6 . Who is referred to as “ beautiful pagan” and why?

Launcelot calls Shylock’s daughter Jessica “beautiful pagan”. According to this context, the word pagan refers to someone who is not Christian. As Jessica was a Jew and not a Christian and she was a very beautiful lady so Launcelot calls her a “beautiful pagan”.

7 . What do you mean when Launcelot said “ Adieu! Tears exhibit my tongue”? In what context does he say the above-quoted line?

When Launcelot said the above-quoted line he was very emotional and sad that his emotions prevented him from speaking anything. He said that above-quoted line while bidding farewell to Jessica as he was freeing himself from the service of the Jew that is Shylock and was about to start a new service under Bassanio who was a Christian.

8 . What does Launcelot mean by the extract, “if a Christian does not play the knave and get thee, I am much deceived.”?

Here, Christian is referred to as Lorenzo, the lover of Jessica. Launcelot meant that if Lorenzo do not play any mischievous or dishonest act to marry Jessica, he will feel deceived or cheated. This shows that Launcelot was very close to Lorenzo and Jessica and he had an idea about a mischievous deed that Lorenzo and Jessica were about to do.

9 . What kind of bond do Jessica and Launcelot share?

Launcelot was the servant of Shylock. But Jessica never considered Launcelot as a servant. They shared a very close bond of friendship which is evident by the truth that only Launcelot knew about the love story and mischievous deed which Lorenzo and Jessica were about to do. Jessica also trusted Launcelot blindly as she handed over a very secret letter to Launcelot which is to be delivered to her lover, Lorenzo. Their close bond was also evident when Launcelot was bidding farewell to Jessica. Both of them had tears in their eyes. They were both emotional, sad and depressed. These little things well portrayed their strong and close bond of friendship.

10 . What is the “heinous sin” referred to by Jessica? Why is it considered a sin?

The “heinous sin” referred to by Jessica is that she was ashamed to be the daughter of his father. She considers it as a sin as no daughter feels ashamed of their father and every child loves and trust their father blindly but in her case, it was the opposite.

11 . Why does Jessica feel ashamed to be the daughter of her father?

Shylock was a narrow-minded person who always imposed restrictions on Jessica. He was so indulged in his business that he couldn’t give Jessica the fatherly life which she needed since her childhood. Shylock was such a miserly tyrant that Jessica wants to run away from him. Jessica was also ashamed of her father’s money lending business as he imposed a high amount of interest on the person who borrowed money from him. Lastly, Shylock hated Christian but Jessica had immensely fell in love with a Christian and this was the main reason why Jessica felt ashamed to be the daughter of her father.

12 . Being the daughter of Shylock did Jessica had the same manner as Shylock?

Being the daughter of Shylock, Jessica did not have the same manner as Shylock. She was humble to all. Also, she was beautiful, intelligent and was down to earth. She had no greed for money or any other materialistic things like her father Shylock. Jessica had no hatred towards any religion. She loved the one who was a Christian and her love for him was eternal and unconditional. These were the sharp contrast between the character of Shylock and Jessica.

13 . Who is Lorenzo? What promise did he give to Jessica? Describe the strife that Jessica is going to end?

Lorenzo is the one whom Jessica loves unconditionally, and for whom he was ready to leave her father.

Lorenzo was a Christian and Shylock hated Christians. So, he would never allow Jessica to marry him. But Lorenzo and Jessica loved each other desperately and hence Lorenzo promised him to marry her by hook or by crook. As a result, they decided to elope.

Jessica was going to end the strife between being loyal to her father and her love for Lorenzo. She was going to become a Christian and Lorenzo’s loving wife after marrying her.

14 . What was the relationship between Jessica and her father Shylock?

Shylock and Jessica’s relationship was not a normal father-daughter relationship. Jessica hated her father and was ashamed of her father. Shylock did not give her the fatherly love which Jessica required and he was narrow-minded. He always imposed restrictions on her and did not show any concern towards her. He always cared about his money and his business. Jessica and Shylock shared a bitter relationship.

15 . What character sketch of Jessica did you get in this scene?

Jessica is the only daughter of Shylock who is beautiful, intelligent and has an impulsive nature, but she is ashamed of being his daughter. She finds the atmosphere of her house suffocating. She hated the nature of her father’s miserliness and tyrannical nature. Also, she knew that her father’s hatred for Christians but still she fell in love with Lorenzo who was a Christian and was planning to elope with him. This showed that she was not a loyal and obedient daughter.

She seems to be quite heartless and unfaithful not only to her father but also to her religion. Jessica is torn by a conflict between her obligation to her father and her desire to marry Lorenzo. She is well aware that it was considered a sin of being ashamed of her father but still she decides to leave him and marry Lorenzo. This showed that she was true and a dedicated lover.

16. What is the sharp contrast between Jessica and Portia’s character?

The sharp contrast between Portia and Jessica’s character is well portrayed in this scene. Their loyalties to their father are highlighted in this scene. Portia proved to be a loyal and obedient daughter even after her father’s death. She obeyed her father’s will regarding her marriage and after being completely tired of the lottery of casket she did not give up. On the other hand, Jessica knew that her father Shylock was against Christianity yet she was ready to leave her father and marry Lorenzo who was a Christian. Both Portia and Jessica were someone’s daughter but their loyalty and obedience towards their father’s will made them of contrasting characters.

17 . Why is the main reason that Jessica disobeyed her father?

Jessica disobeyed her father but she cannot be blamed for her ingratitude. Shylock has been unsuccessful in giving her the fatherly love and affection which she needed. His oppression, narrow-mindedness, strict restrictions and suspicious nature alienate Jessica from him. She strongly felt that marrying Lorenzo will make her feel free from her father’s bindings and she will stay happy and will lead a life which she always wanted.

18 . What do we get to know about Shylock even if he was not present in this scene?

In this scene, although Shylock was not present he plays the role of villain. His insensitive and tyrannical attitude is revealed in this scene through his daughter. Jessica says that she felt suffocated in her own house due to the restriction, oppression and narrow mindedness of Shylock. She considers her house as hell. Shylock’s miserliness, his hostility towards the pleasures of life and his passion for money have made his house like a hell. This has detached him from everyone including her daughter Jessica.

Next , according to Lorenzo he was very rude and cruel as an owner and as a human as a whole. Shylock only had an obsession for his money and thought everyone would deceive him including Lorenzo and Jessica.

 

The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10

The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10

You are going to go through The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough critical and line-by-line analysis. Let us find The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10.

The Merchant Of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Extra Question And Answers

Act 2 Scene 1.

1 . Where does this scene takes place? Who is present in this scene? On what basis does Morocco says Portia not to dislike him?

The scene takes place in Belmont, in a room of Portia’s palace. This scene is marked by the entrance of the Prince of Morocco, one of the suitors who came to visit Portia. In this scene, Portia and the Prince of Morocco was present.

Morocco pleads to Portia not to judge him because of his dark complexion and by not considering the external features, he says Portia to judge him on the basis of his bravery.

2 . What explanation does the Prince give for his dark complexion?

_ The Prince of Morocco pleads Portia not to dislike him for his dark complexion. The explanation he gives behind his dark complexion is that he belonged from the place which was located near the equator. Hence, his dark complexion was due to the dark clothing of the burning sun to whom the Prince was a neighbor.

3 . What challenges did he throw in front of Portia?

_ The Prince of Morocco says to bring him the most handsome and fairest creature from the north where the rays of sun hardly reach to melt the long pointed spikes of ice. Then both of them will make an incision to prove their love for Portia and to check whose blood is more reddish.

4 . What was the old belief regarding the colour of blood?

_ Earlier it was believed that the most courageous man would have the reddest blood while a coward will have pale-coloured blood. This was the reason why Morocco wanted to make incisions to check the colour of the blood and prove who was braver.

5 . How did Morocco appreciated himself? And under what circumstances he was ready to change himself?

_ Morocco says that although his dark complexion has scared the valiant by his love, the best-regarded maidens have loved it too. The Prince of Morocco would never change his complexion. He would do it only to win the affections of Portia and to steal Portia’s heart.

6 . What light does it throws on the Prince’s character?

_ The Prince of Morocco was very confident about his bravery and openly threw challenges to bring him the fairest and most handsome creature from the south pole, and both of them will make an incision to check whose blood is darker. But, somewhere he was insecure about his dark complexion as he begins his speech by saying, “ Mislike me not for my complexion.” However, at the end of his speech, we see that he was proud of his worth, his complexion which he would change only if Portia wants him to do.

7 . What is the lottery of Portia’s destiny? How does it prevent her from the right of voluntary choosing?

The lottery of Portia’s destiny was the lottery of a casket according to which, the one who chooses the right casket would marry Portia.

The lottery of casket prevents Portia from voluntary choosing as choosing the right casket was dependent on luck. Anybody could choose the right casket and Portia was bound to marry the one who chooses the right casket. She was not permitted to marry the one whom she loved.

8 . What did Portia said to Morocco?

_ Portia said to the Prince of Morocco that she was bound by her father’s will, and she had to marry the one who would choose the right casket. But if she was not bound by this condition, the Prince of Morocco had a high chance to steal Portia’s heart as she didn’t see any other suitors like the Prince of Morocco.

9 . Does Portia meant the last three lines of the extract?

_ Portia said that the Prince of Morocco had a fair chance as compared to the other suitors. But later on, we see that Portia says, that she was fortunate enough to see the Moroccan Prince fail at the lottery of casket. She did not like any of the suitors and wanted all of them to lose.

10 . Give a character sketch of Portia.

_ Portia was of a calm and composed behavior as she was extremely tired of the suitors who have come to visit her yet, she behaved in a courteous and respectful manner with the Moroccan Prince. She confidently holds her composure. Moreover, Portia was an obedient daughter as she would choose the one who wins the lottery of the casket as devised by her father. Portia was also witty which was well understood by her remarks that the noble Prince had a fair chance to win her.

11 . What is meant by scimitar? What did the Moroccan Prince do with that?

_ Scimitar is meant by the short, curved sword which the Moroccan Prince had with him. With the scimitar, he defeated the Sophy ( the Emperor of Persia) and a Persian Prince who had won three battles against the Sultan Solyman.

12 . What were the brave deeds of Morocco which he was ready to do to win Portia?

_ The Prince of Morocco was ready to do anything to win Portia. He would look defiantly into the eyes that were very bold and would also defy the most daring heart on earth. To win Portia, he would pluck the sucking cubs from the mother bear and mock the lion when he roars for prey.

13 . Which thing did Morocco feared the most?

_ The Prince of Morocco acted the bravest man on earth but the thing which he feared the most was fortune. As the lottery of the casket was dependent on the fortune he feared that the least eligible one could choose the correct casket and win Portia. Fortune may be in favor of anyone no matter how strong or how worthy the person is, and that’s why the Prince of Morocco feared “fortune” the most.

14 . Who are Hercules and Lichas? Why are they referred to in this context?

_ According to Greek mythology, Hercules was the strongest and the bravest hero. Lichas was his servant. They are referred to in this context to convey that fortune can be favourable to any person without considering his bravery, or looks, or worth. Once, Hercules and Lichas were playing a game of dice to prove who was a better man and by chance, the winning throw came from the hand of Lichas, and Hercules being the strongest and bravest was defeated in the game of dice and hence proved the fortune can be favourable to anyone.

15 . How did Moroccan Prince-related himself with Hercules?

_ Moroccan Prince considered himself as the bravest and strongest man who could do anything to win Portia. But he feared his fortune which may not be in his favour and any least eligible person would win the lottery of casket if fortune favoured him. It was quite relatable to the story of Hercules and Lichas where Hercules, as they lost the game of dice as fortune was not in his favour and Lichas being his servant was fortunate enough and won the game of dice.

16 . What instruction did Portia give to the Prince before making his choice?

_ Portia said the Prince should either take chance to choose the casket or not make any attempt to choose at all. And before choosing the correct casket, he needs to take an oath that if he loses in the lottery of casket then he wouldn’t marry any other lady later in his life.

17 . What Portia said about Morocco before making his choice? How well did Portia tackle the Moroccan Prince?

Portia said to Morocco that after completion of dinner he first needs to go to the temple and take an oath before performing in the lottery of the casket and wishes him good fortune.

Portia’s tack in handling the Moroccan Prince is commendable. Portia dislikes Morocco still she behaved in a peaceful and respectful manner. Portia disliked his pride and boastful attitude but she didn’t depict it in her speech or manners.

18 . What new thing does this scene reveals about the lottery of casket?

_ The new thing which is revealed about the lottery of the casket is that the man who performs in the lottery of the casket and loses in the lottery should never think of marrying in his lifetime, and this was one of the reasons why the earlier suitors left Belmont without trying their luck.

 

The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10 

The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10

You are going to go through The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough critical and line-by-line analysis. Let us find The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10.

The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 3 Extra Question And Answers

Act 1 scene 3

1 . Who is introduced in this scene? Give a brief description about his character.

_ In this scene, Shylock, the Jewish moneylender of Venice is introduced . He stands among one of the most powerful make characters of Shakespeare. Shylock hated Antonio which intensifies the drama. Shylock is of a complex character who is a combination of both good and bad traits. On one hand, he appears to be bloodthirsty, cunning and greedy and on the other hand , an oppressed and much hated alien. He had a greed for money as he lends money by charging exorbitant rates of interest.

2 . Who is Shylock talking to? Where are they ? About what purpose were they talking?

Shylock was talking to Bassanio Antonio’s closest friend. They were at a public place in Venice.

Bassanio came to Shylock to ask whether he could lend him three thousand ducats for three months and Antonio will stand as a guarantee for their bond, whom Shylock hated the most.

3 . Shylock says that Antonio is a “good man”. What does Shylock indicate by saying this?

_ On hearing that Antonio would give the guarantee of the bond Shylock said that he is a good man is just to make Bassanio understand that he is sufficiently credit- worthy and trustworthy. Although his business ventures are scattered all around the world but he is wealthy merchant and can pay the debts without relying on his business ventures. That’s why he said Antonio a good man.

4 . Mention the places where Antonio’s ships were squandered.

_ Antonio was a rich merchant of Venice. His income did not rely on one particular merchant ship rather his business was squandered to all parts of the world. He had an argosy ( merchant ship) bound to Tripolis( Mediterranean coast of Africa), second one was bound to the Indies. Moreover, at the Venetian stock exchange ( the Rialto) he had a third one at Mexico, fourth one at England and other ventures scattered abroad.

5 . What were the risks that Shylock pointed out about Antonio’s merchant ship?

_ Shylock says that although Antonio has a huge business ventures spread all around the world but there are many possible risks to his business. He said that ships are only boards of wood and sailors are only normal human. There are land-rats, land- thieves, water-rats, water-thieves , he meant pirates. Then, there is possible chances of storms, heavy winds and rocks which could destroy his merchant ships in no time and he would suffer a great loss.

6 . How it can be proved that Antonio is over-confident regarding his business?

_ Antonio is a wise man and a rich merchant of Venice. He lends money to others with imposing any interest on them. But he was quite overconfident regarding his business. He knew very well about the hazards of sea and was well aware of the dangers to his merchant ship. But even after knowing this, he said Bassanio to lend money from Shylock by giving his guarantee. He was very confident that his ships would return before the due time and he would be able to pay the debt to Shylock and without thinking about the consequences he signed the bond with one of his most hated person that is Shylock.

7 . What was Bassanio’s proposal to Shylock and what was the purpose?

_ Bassanio invited Shylock to join them at dinner. The purpose behind the invitation was that at the dinner , Shylock could directly talk to Antonio regarding their deal for which Antonio was the guarantee. However , Shylock refused to dine with them as he was an opponent of the Christian culture.

8 . Why was Shylock not ready to dine with Antonio?

_ Shylock was the opponent and hater of the Christian culture. He was not ready to dine with them because Christian ate pork which was a forbidden food for the Jews. Moreover, according to Greek mythology, Jesus Christ ( the Nazarite) healed a madam by ordering the devil that him to leave the man and enter into a herds of pigs. That’s why Shylock was not ready to dine with the Christians.

9 . What were the things Shylock was willing and unwilling to do with the Christian?

_ Shylock was ready to do all the business activities such as he was ready to buy with them, sell with them, talk to them, walk with them . But he was not willing to eat with them, drink with them, nor pray with them as doing those things will make him against his Jewish culture as the eating pattern , drinking patterns were all in contrast to the Christian culture.

10 . Who entered the scene ? And what was Shylock’s reaction after seeing him?

_ Signior Antonio entered the scene. Shylock hated Antonio . He hated him because Antonio is a Christian. Moreover, Antonio lends money without taking any interest, Shylock considered this as his foolishness and for this reason the people of Venice wouldn’t borrow much money from Shylock. He also says that if he could get hold of him at a disadvantage then he would be surely take advantage of the situation to take revenge from Antonio and satisfy his grudges against him.

11 . What is meant by fawning publican? Who is said to be a fawning publican ?

Fawning basically means servile or cringing and publican is referred to a “Roman tax-collector”. Publican is a natural term of contempt and loathing in mouth of a Jew. In simple words it signifies low-caste or untouchables.

Antonio was called a fawning publican by Shylock . It was Shylock’s hatred which made him call Antonio a fawning publican . There was no other reason behind this. As Antonio hated their sacred nation and lended money with taking any interest, Shylock hates him.

12 . What idea of character do you get about Shylock when he explains the reason behind his hatred for Antonio?

_ By hearing the speech of Shylock we get a clear picture that he is a man of revenge. Shylock is a fanatical follower of his religion as he Hayes Antonio because he is a Christian whereas he is a Jew. Then we see that Shylock is a usurer who lends money after imposing a huge amount of interest. This shows his greedy nature and hates Antonio because he doesn’t impose interest while lending money .

13 . Was Shylock’s reasoning regarding his hatred for Antonio convincing and why?

_ To some extent , Shylock’s speech was convincing . The reasons which Shylock elaborates for his hatred were quite strong. Antonio was a hater of Shylock’s religion so it is quite valid that Shylock will also hate Antonio because he is a Christian. Shylock lends money by imposing huge interest whereas Antonio doesn’t indulge himself in such practice . In this case, Shylock is not justified for his practice of imposing interest but justified in his grievance that Antonio has been publicly denouncing him for his practice of imposing interest.

14 . What does Shylock says regarding his money and whom does he refer?

_ Three thousand ducats was a huge amount . Shylock says as far his memory is concerned he doesn’t have three thousand ducats at present situation . So he referred Tubal who was of his tribe, who is a wealthy Jew and he is the one who can supply him with the money he needed.

15 . How did Antonio break his custom for Bassanio?

_ Antonio was a wealthy merchant of Venice. He had his business scattered all around the world. Bassanio his closest friend needed a huge amount of three thousand ducats to participate in the lottery of casket. As Antonio’s ships were sailing abroad he didn’t have that huge amount but he assures Bassanio that if he uses Antonio’s name as surety then ,he could easily get a loan . Antonio neither lends nor borrows excess money but for his closest friend’s need he had to break his custom a borrow money from Shylock, his biggest hater.

16. Who is Jacob?

_ Jacob was the third in the lines of heirs to family estate. The first one was Abraham and second one was , Isaac. Jacob was not actually the third heir as he was younger than his brother Essay. But Jacob’s mother was a clever lady and played a trick to make Jacob Isaac’s heir.

17. Which story from the Bible is being referred by Shylock?

_ A reference is made to the following story in the Bible. Jacob , son of Isaac , went to serve under his uncle Laban. An agreement was made between them. The agreement was Jacob would receive all the lambs which would be spotted or stripped . During the breeding season, Jacob put the rods in such a position that the shadows of the rod could fall on the sheep. By this means Jacob is said to have influenced the ship so much that almost all the lambs were born spotted or stripped and according to the agreement they became the property of Jacob.

18 . What did Shylock want to justify by saying this story? What was Antonio’s response regarding the justification?

_ By referring the story of Jacob, Shylock wanted to justify that there is nothing wrong in charging interest after lending money . To this Antonio says that Jacob became prosperous not because he had the power to devise the birth of the stripped or spotted lam but because of God’s will who decided and directed the whole thing.

19 . What is meant by the phrase “ shall we be beholding to you”? What is Rialto?

_ The above quoted phrase is said by Antonio to Shylock. This meant that shall they stick to Shylock and be sure that he would lend them the amount of three thousand ducats. Rialto is a business spot for the merchants where all the business discussion, decisions are made among the merchants.

20. How did Antonio insult Shylock in the Rialto?

_ In the Rialto, Antonio have often absurd him because of his money and his moneylending deals. But still Shylock tolerated those insults with a patient shrug as sufferance is the badge of Jewish tribe. Antonio also called him misbeliever, merciless dog and spit on his long loose cloak which was worn traditionally by the Jews. And all this was done because Shylock had put to use the money which belonged to him.

21 . How did Shylock expressed his grudges against Antonio ?

_ When Antonio came to Shylock for money Shylock said him that he spat on his Jewish beard. Antonio also kicked him as he would spurn a stray dog out of his house. And now Antonio have come to him for money . Shylock questions him , how could a dog lend him an amount of three thousand ducats or should he bend low and in a humble tone he would say that “ sir, you have spit on me last Wednesday and kicked me out of your house another time and called me dog in public and for these courtesies should I lend you money?”

22 . How did Antonio react to Shylock’s grudges?

_ Antonio said that he would call Shylock a dog again , if he gets a chance he will spit on him again and would spurn again. He also says that if Shylock lends him money, then he suggests not to lend it as friends but to lend it as enemies . And if he fails to return the money on time then without any guilt Shylock is permitted to take the penalty.

22 . What kindness did Shylock offer to Antonio?

_ Shylock consoles Antonio by saying him not to get angry and he was ready to become Antonio’s friend and have his love. He also says him to forget the insults of the past and says him to say his present demand without any hesitation and he will not even take a small insignificant sum as an interest.

22 . What was the dual meaning of the word “ kind” in the sentence “ This is kind I offer”?

Here “ Kind” had a double meaning.

Kind is used as in the statement: A man likes the company of his own kind. Thus Shylock means that it was Antonio’s system to give loan without any interest which Shylock offers to Antonio.

Kind also has the usage: to pay a man in kind which means to return similar treatment to him. So , Shylock may have thought here that he intends to repay Antonio with insults similar to those he had received himself.

23 . Where did Shylock offer Antonio to come with him? What was the bond singed between them?

_ Shylock offers Antonio to come with him to the notary and sign a bond . According to the bond, if Antonio is unable to pay the money which he borrowed from Shylock after three months then for penalty Antonio had to give exactly a pound of his fair flesh . It would be the decision of the Shylock from which part of Antonio’s body the flesh will be cut.

24 . What was Antonio and Bassanio’s reaction to the penalty?

Antonio was ready to sign the bond without any fear as he expected that two months before the expiry of the bond, he will get three times the value of this bond.

Bassanio being a very good friend of Antonio did not permit him to sign the bond. Bassanio would prefer to stay in his present state of necessity rather than permitting Antonio to sign the bond for him.

25 . Why did Shylock want to take the flesh of Antonio as a penalty?

_ Shylock was waiting for a long time to take revenge against Antonio. His main intention was not to take money from Antonio as interest or penalty as he knew he was a wealthy merchant but to take proper revenge of the insults done to him by Antonio. Human flesh had no such market value like beef or mutton but still Shylock intended to cut off the exact pound of flesh just to take revenge from Antonio.

26 . What did Shylock say at the time of his departure?

_ Shylock said Antonio to meet him at the notary to sign the bond. Then he said ,he would return home to take the ducats and to see his house as he had left his house in the hands of a fearful guard. After taking the money he would meet Antonio in the notary to sign the bond.

27 . Describe in brief the character of Antonio.

_ Antonio is a wise, wealthy merchant but besides that he was overconfident regarding his business which was scattered all around the world. He did not care about the risk factors that could destroy him at once and turn him into beggar. Without thinking twice he signed the bond as he knew he would get thrice the value of this bond.

28 . Describe in brief the character of Shylock.

_ Shylock was a greedy money lender as he never lend money without imposing high interest. He was also very revengeful in cases of Antonio. Instead of imposing high amount of interest as penalty, he made a bond that he would take the exact pound of flesh from Antonio’s body which merely had any market value as compared to beef or mutton . This shows how much Shylock hated Antonio.

The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 2 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10

The Merchant Of Venice ICSE Extra Questions And Answers Act 1 Scene 2 ICSE Class 9, 10

In this, you are going to go through The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 2 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10. Understanding a text meticulously in its totality is very important for a learner for scoring better in the ICSE Board exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough critical and line-by-line analysis. Let us find The Merchant Of Venice Act 1 Scene 2 Extra Question And Answers ICSE Class 9, 10.

The Merchant Of Venice ICSE Extra Questions And Answers

Act 1 Scene 2

1 . Who is Nerissa? What is her relationship with Portia? Where are Portia and Nerissa? Give the significance of that place.

Nerissa is Portia’s lady-in-waiting and a close confidant. She is a smart lady with a sharp tongue and a true sense of humour.

Portia and Nerissa share a strong bond of friendship. Portia completely trusted Nerissa and she confesses all her sorrows and happiness to Nerissa. Nerissa feels happy in Portia’s happiness and sympathizes with her when she becomes frustrated or sad.

Portia and Nerissa are at Belmont. Belmont is a rich land and many suitors from all around the world come to Belmont to participate in the lottery of casket to marry the most beautiful as well as the intelligent lady that is Portia.

2 . How does Nerissa explains the reason for Portia’s tiredness? And what was happiness according to Nerissa?

Portia confessed to Nerissa that she was tired of the great world. To that Nerissa says that she was tired despite her abundant good fortune and hence concludes that the one who has too much of everything is as sick as the one who starves as they have nothing.

According to Nerissa there is no happiness in too much of anything or in having nothing but happiness lies in between that is mid-way between poverty and riches. The one who has too much of anything will age sooner and the one who has just enough of anything will live a longer life.

3 . Explain briefly why was Portia sad and tired.

_ Portia’s dead father devised a lottery of the casket and according to the rules, the one who chooses the correct one will become eligible to marry Portia. Portia was sad and tired because she didn’t have the right to choose the husband of her choice. She could neither choose the person she likes nor rejects the one she dislikes. Her marriage was dependent on the suitor’s choosing the right casket. This made her tired of the great world.

4 . Give the difference between Antonio and Portia’s melancholy.

Antonio’s melancholic mood had no specific reasons. He was neither sad because of his business venture nor because of his love life. Antonio did not himself knew the reason behind his melancholy. His melancholy made him so depressed that he sometimes forgot his own identity which troubled him as well as his friends. Antonio’s melancholy might be an indication of some future happenings.

On the other hand, Portia had a specific cause behind her melancholic mood. She was an obedient daughter and hence couldn’t disobey her dead father’s wish regarding her marriage. Also, she was sad, because she didn’t have the freedom to choose her husband. She could neither choose the one she likes nor rejects the one she dislikes. Her fortune completely relied on the will of her dead father.

5 . What did Nerissa say about Portia’s dead father?

_ Nerissa praised Portia’s father by saying that he was always a virtuous and holy man. He devised this lottery of caskets to check who truly loved Portia. This lottery would be a character test of true love and this will ensure that Portia doesn’t regret choosing a life partner. This shows the caring and loving nature of a father.

6 . Describe briefly the lottery of the casket.

_ The lottery of the casket was devised by Portia’s dead father. This lottery would determine the future of Portia. The one who chooses the correct one amongst the three that is gold, silver and lead would marry Portia. This was a test of character whether the man truly loved Portia or loved just her wealth. Portia was so beautiful and intelligent that suitors from all around the world came to Belmont by overcoming hundreds of hurdles just to try their luck.

7 . What was the reaction of Portia and Nerissa to the lottery of casket?

_ Portia showed the least interest in the lottery of casket. She was anxious about this idea as she didn’t know who is going to choose the right casket. She was also sad because she didn’t have the freedom to choose the person she loves and reject the one she dislikes. This made her sad, depressed, tired of the great world.

On the other hand, Nerissa had a very positive outlook towards the lottery of casket. She praises Portia’s dead father for devising such a lottery that would test the real character of a man. By seeing Portia’s negative outlook regarding the casket she assures her that the one she loves would surely choose the correct casket.

8 . Who was the first suitor Nerissa named? What description did Portia give about him?

The first suitor Nerissa named was Neapolitan Prince from Naples.

Portia described him as an inexperienced young man just like a young horse. He does nothing but talks to his horse the whole day long. He considers it as great merit that he can shoe his horse.

9 . Who was County Palatine? Why did he come to Belmont?

County Palatine was a local ruler or a nobleman from Palatine, the region on the west bank of the Rhine.

He came to Belmont to participate in the lottery of caskets device by Portia’s dead father. He came here to try his luck and test whether he was eligible to marry Portia.

10 . How did Portia described County Palatine?

_ Portia said that County Palatine was a depressed soul. He did nothing except frowning. . He heard marry tales but still didn’t had a single sign of a smile on his face. Portia feared that he would completely get converted into a weeping philosopher when he turns old as he was surrounded by an unpleasant sadness during his youth. Portia said that she would rather marry a death’s head(skull ) than marry him and prays god to protect herself from him.

11 . Who is the weeping philosopher? Why is he referred to in the extract?

Heraclitus of Ephesus was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who is considered as the “weeping philosopher”. He had a substandard opinion of human affairs. He became so depressed and frustrated with mankind’s stupidity that he went to live alone in the mountains far away from human follies.

County Palatine did nothing except frowning. He remained so depressed that he didn’t even smile listening to happy tales. So Portia feared that he may turn into a weeping philosopher when he turns old due to his depressed nature.

12 . Who was the next suitor named by Nerissa? What were the similarities between him and Neapolitan Prince?

Nerissa next named the French Lord , Monsieur Le Bon.

Earlier, in this scene, Portia described Neapolitan Prince as an inexperienced young man like a young horse who talks only about his horse the whole day long. The French Lord even talks more about his horse than Neapolitan Prince. This was a striking similarity between the two.

13 . How was the French Lord compared to County Palatine?

_ County Palatine did nothing except frowning which made him so depressed that he did not smile by hearing marry tales. The French Lord had quite a similar character with him. He had a more exaggerated bad habit of frowning than County Palatine.

14 . What character sketch did Portia give about French Lord?

_ Portia described French Lord as “ he is every man in no man” which means he has everybody else’s personality but had no personality of his own which would make him unique from others. He immediately starts jumping up and down out of excitement when he heard the throstle( the common English bird) sing. He is such a fool that he draws his sword against his own shadow. Portia said marrying French Lord would be like marrying twenty husband’s as he had everybody else’s characteristics.

15 . What would happen if the French Lord would hate Portia or would love her passionately?

_The French Lord was a person of mixed character and did not have a personality of his own. So, Portia had no interest in him as marrying him was like marrying twenty husbands. Portia said that if the French Lord would hate her she would not mind and forgive him but if he would love her madly she would never return his love.

16 . Who was the next suitor named by Nerissa? Describe his external appearance.

The next suitor was Falconbridge, the young baron of England.

The young barren of England was very strangely and oddly dressed and not well mannered. He bought his jacket from Italy, his breeches from France, his had from Germany and his behaviour from everywhere.

17 . What was the main reason, Portia, for rejecting the young baron of England?

_ If the young baron of England would win the lottery of a casket, then there would be a lack of communication between him and Portia. Portia could say nothing to him as neither Falconbridge understands him nor she does. He neither understands Latin, French or Italian and Portia had very little knowledge about English.

18 . How does the dressing pattern of the young baron throw light on the sense of clothing of Englishmen?

_ The young Baron dressed in a very strange and odd manner. He bought his jacket from Italy, breeches from France and his hat from Germany. This shows that the Englishmen during Shakespeare’s time had no dressing sense of their own and were more attracted towards the style and fashion sense of the foreign countries.

19 . Who was the neighbour of the young baron? Give a brief description.

The Scottish lord was the neighbour of the young baron.

Portia was not impressed by the Scottish Lord. She made fun of him and called him a coward because of his foolish deeds. He was given a blow from the Englishman but didn’t return the blow immediately instead he said that he would return the favour when he would be able to return that. And Portia guessed that the young baron was the guarantee of that bond.

20 . What type of relationship is revealed among the English, the French and the Scots?

_ From the context we get to know about the alliances between the French and the Scots. They made alliances against England when England and the Scots fought against each other where the French supported the Scots.

21 . Who was the next suitor? And how did Portia described his behaviour?

The next suitor was the young German, the Duke of Saxony’s nephew.

Portia said that the young German behaved very badly when he was sober and he also behaved the worst when he was drunk. When he was at his best be he is worst than a man and he is at his worst he was a little better than a beast. Portia would prefer to manage without him instead of marrying him.

22 . What was Portia’s plan against the young German?

_ Portia could never accept him as her husband. That’s why Portia planned to keep a deep glass of Rhenish wine in the wrong casket. Portia guaranteed that the devil would choose the casket which had the wine in it and happily depart from Belmont. Portia said she could do anything but she won’t marry a drunkard.

23 . Give the meaning of the following:-

When he is worst, he is better than a beast.

Portia said to the young German that he is at his best he is worst than a man and when he is at his worst he behaves better than a beast.

Set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the contrary casket.

To divert his mind, Portia said Nerissa to place a large glass of Rhenish wine in the wrong casket which would divert his mind and will make him choose the wrong casket.

24 . What is a sponge? Why is the young German is compared with a sponge?

_ A sponge is something that absorbs or soaks up liquid. The young German is referred to as a sponge because he absorbs all the liquor. He was a complete drunkard and did not know how to behave. At his best, he was worst than a man and at his worst, he was a little better than a beast.

25 . What good news did Nerissa revealed to Portia regarding the suitors?

_ By seeing Portia being worried, Nerissa consoled her by saying that she need not fear as the suitors have informed her that after hearing the terms and conditions of the lottery of the casket, they would rather prefer to return to their kingdom than to participate in the lottery by risking everything they had.

26 . Describe in brief Sibylla.

_ Sibylla is a Greek word that meant “prophetess”. Sibyl of Cumae was granted a wish by goddess Apollo. According to the wish, she would live for as many years as the grains of sand she held in her hands. She was considered the ageless old woman. But she failed to ask for eternal youth and hence goddess Apollo allowed her body to wither. As a result, her body grew smaller with age and was kept in a jar.

27 . Give a description of Diana.

_ Diana was considered as the “ Bright Goddess”. In Greek mythology, she was known as the goddess of virginity. She was also the goddess of the moon and hunting. Also, she was in connection with the wild animals and the woodlands. She was a symbol of chastity.

28 . Why are “Sibylla” and “Diana” referred to here? And what light does it throws on Portia’s character?

_ Portia said Nerissa that she would live as old as Sibylla and die as chaste as Diana but wouldn’t marry anyone until someone fulfils the conditions imposed by her father regarding her marriage. This shows how loyal and obedient daughter Portia was. She stayed loyal to her father’s will even if she knew that her happiness was at stake.

29 . About whom did Nerissa remind Portia? What was Portia’s reaction?

_ Nerissa reminds Portia about a Venetian, a scholar and a soldier of his father’s time who came with the company of the Marquis of Montferrat( the title of an Italian nobleman). Portia showed her interest in that man and said that she remembered him, his name is Bassanio. This shows her excitement and interest in Bassanio.

30 . What compliment did Nerissa give to Bassanio?

_ Portia said that out of all the men that her foolish eyes had looked upon, Bassanio was the best who deserves the fair lady Portia. Portia says that she remembers him very well and he is worthy of Nerissa’s praise.

31 . What information did the servant give to Portia?

_ The servant informed Portia about the departure of the four suitors. On the other hand, the messenger of the fifth suitor informed about the arrival of the Prince of Morocco who will reach Belmont that night to test his luck by participating in the lottery of casket.

32 . What was Portia’s reaction to that?

_ Portia said she could offer a good welcome to the fifth suitor the way she bid farewell to the other four suitors even if she was tired of them. She then says that if he had the condition of a saint and complexion of a devil, then he would rather prefer to hear her sins and grant forgiveness like a holy man than marry her. She was tired as she shuts the gate upon one suitor and at the very next moment, another suitor knocks at the door.

Questions And Answers

What is the setting of Act 1 Scene 2 in The Merchant of Venice?

At her estate in Belmont, near Venice, Portia complains to her servant Nerissa that she’s “aweary of this great world”.Anyone who wants to marry Portia must choose one of three “caskets” (chests), each marked with a clue. One is made of gold, one of silver, and one of lead.

What is Portias mood Act 1 Scene 2?

Portia and Nerissa are in a room in Portia’s house at Belmont. They are discussing the lottery of caskets and about the suitors who have already come to try their luck. In this scene, Portia is in a mood of melancholy and anxiety.

What are the good sentences said by Nerissa?

You would be, sweet madam, if your miseries were as abundantas your good fortunes are; and yet, for all I see, they that are sick from over-eating are as sick as those that starve with nothing.

What is the significance of Act 1 Scene 2?

The main significance of this scene is that it gives the audience a view of Macbeth’s character up to this point in his life and shows the rewards that Duncan is going to give him for his service.

What is the dramatic significance of Act 1 Scene 2?

No one has been hurt or lost at sea. In addition to relating the past, this act also helps define the main characters and anticipate the future. Prospero has been injured, and he intends to serve justice on his captives.

What is the short summary of Merchant of Venice?

Antonio, an antisemitic merchant, takes a loan from the Jew Shylock to help his friend to court Portia. Antonio can’t repay the loan, and without mercy, Shylock demands a pound of his flesh. The heiress Portia, now the wife of Antonio’s friend, dresses as a lawyer and saves Antonio.

Don’t Quit Textbook Questions And Answers Of ICSE Class 8 Moral Science

Don’t Quit Textbook Questions And Answers Of ICSE Class 8 Moral Science

You are going to go through Don’t Quit Textbook Questions And Answers Of ICSE Class 8 Moral Science. Understanding a text meticulously in its entirety is very important for a learner for scoring better in the exam. Experts made ample to ensure a thorough critical and line-by-line analysis. Let us find Don’t Quit Textbook Questions And Answers Of ICSE Class 8 Moral Science.

Don't Quit Textbook Questions And Answers

Textbook Questions And Answers

1. What does giving up cause?
Ans: Giving up causes you to miss out on success.

2. List three reasons why you should not give up.
Ans: Three reasons why one should not give up are as follows: it takes many efforts to achieve success, tenacity matters more than talent, ones’ past does not determine their future.

3. How can you solve your problems?
Ans: One should be able to take effective decisions, this will help them solve various problems.

4. According to the guru, what was the problem with Vardraj?
Ans: According to the guru, Vardraj was a slow learner. He understood everything with great difficulty.

5. How did the rope influence Vardraj?
Ans: The constant rubbing between the rope and the wall of the well has caused some impressions. Vardraj thought that if a thin rope can make such impressions on a brick wall, then he can learn his lessons well too. Thus, Vardraj decided to not give up and returned to the gurukul with a new determination.

6. Fill in the blanks:
1. Life is a constant struggle.
2. Tenacity matters more than talent.
3. Never lose your cool in adverse circumstances.
4. With a new determination, Vardraj went back towards the gurukul.

7. Suppose you are the monitor of your class. One day, when the teacher is not in the class, you and other children feel tremors and see that everything is shaking. You realise that it is an earthquake. What will you do?
a) Ask your classmates to sit quietly in the class.

b) Make the classmates come out of the class and move towards the field.

Ans: b) Make the classmates come out of the class and move towards the field.

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